1st Canadian Mounted Rifles - War Diaries

 

The reproduction is not represented as an official version of the material reproduced or as having been

made in affiliation with, or with the endorsement of, Library and Archives Canada.

Library and Archives, Canada, is the source.

and click on "WD Link" The top pages (No.1) are for the 1st Canadian Mounted Rifle Brigade - 1st, 2nd and 3rd CMR's. (No.2) is for the Regiment and the Battalion.

Copy and paste this into google as links no longer seem to work - that's progress!:-

http://data4.collectionscanada.ca/netacgi/nph-brs?s1=1st+Canadian+Mounted+Rifles&s13=&s12=&l=20&s9=RG9&s7=9-52&Sect1=IMAGE&Sect2=THESOFF&Sect4=AND&Sect5=WARDPEN&Sect6=HITOFF&d=FIND&p=1&u=http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/archivianet/02015202_e.html&r=2&f=G

I will upgrade from the free site asap, to be able to use sub-menus, to order and link-index the entries. I've tried to get as close as possible with a typed version to the original handwriting. Michael Thierens, of CEFSG, is scutinising, section by section, (as he checks, I will replace the rough versions). Spacing condensed from the 'Word' searchable version in progress for CEFSG. 

Also transcribing:

David Ford from Brandon, whose granduncle, Reginald Marshall Hall, was attached to the 1st CMR from 27th April 1917 until diagnosed with trench foot on 27th October 1917 (when the Unit was at Passchendaele). David has transcribed the months from April to July 1916, and October 1916 to December 1917.

Margaret Currie, with husband, Tom Van Walleghem whose grandfather was 106369 Pte. David Louden, attested January 13th, 1915, in Brandon, and was a piper in the Mounted Band. (Aug and Sept 1916; Apr, May, June, Sept, Oct, Nov & Dec 1918)

Progress so far: (37 of the 42 months from September 1915 to February 1919)

1915 -                                                                                        SEPT, OCT, NOV, DEC.

1916 - JAN, FEB, MARCH, APRIL, MAY, JUNE, JULY, AUG, SEPT, OCT, NOV, DEC.

1917 - JAN, FEB, MARCH, APRIL, MAY, JUNE, JULY, AUG, SEPT, OCT, NOV, DEC.

1918 - JAN,                          APRIL, MAY, JUNE, JULY, AUG, SEPT, OCT, NOV, DEC.

1919 - 


1915


Confidential 

War Diary 

Of.

1st Regt. Can Mounted Rifle               2nd Canadian Division

From 1st September To 30th September 1915 

Volume.1.

 

Wed., Sep 1, 1915                      SHORNCLIFFE, ENGLAND

1 -18 [1st to 18th September] Regiment quartered under canvas at Caesar’s Camp South, Shorncliffe, with 1st CMR. Brigade consisting of Headquarters Staff, 1st 2nd + 3rd Regiments. Nominal Strength 629 all ranks. Reduced during second week of this month to Max strength – 577 all ranks with 89 horses.                                                                        B L  [Burnett Laws]

Sun., Sep 19, 1915                       [SHORNCLIFFE, ENGLAND]

Orders received to proceed Overseas.                                                                                     B L

Mon., Sep 20, 1915

6.30 P.   Machine Gun Section Regimental + Squadron Transport pulled out from Camp and entrained at Shorncliffe Station in two trains – M.G. Section and Regimental Transport in train x-507 (4 Officers, 78 other ranks) – Squadron Transport (3 Officers, 45 other ranks) in  10.15 P.    train x-510. Train x-507 pulled out at 10.15 PM.

11.30 P.    Train x-510 pulled out at 11.30 PM                                                                      B.L

Tue., Sep 21, 1915                    EN ROUTE, ENGLAND TO FRANCE

5.30 A.     Machine Gun Section, Regimental + Squadron Transport arrived at Southampton 10.30 P.   and at 10.30 PM sailed for France, arrived at Havre. No casualties en route

Total strength 7 Officers, 123 Other ranks.

The Regiment carried on with preparations for moving.                                                        B.L

Wed., Sep 22, 1915                     SHORNCLIFFE, ENGLAND

3 PM     Embarkation Orders received.

4.15 P    Brigade left Camp marching via Cherry Garden Avenue – Cheriton Road, Black Bull Rd, to Folkestone Harbor. Embarked on S.S. “La Marguerite”                                              B L

6.40 P    Sailed – Strength 18 Officers 478 Other Ranks.

BOULOGNE 9.10 P    Arrived at BOULOGNE. Disembarked and marched to No.3 Rest Camp – “St. Martins Camp”.         B L

Thu., Sep 23, 1915                        BOULOGNE, FRANCE

4. PM     Marched back to docks entrained and at

10 50 P   arrived at BAILLEUL Nord. Marched up to village arriving in Grand Place

12 MID  at 12 Midnight.                                     Transport arrived HQ 2 AM                      B L

Fri., Sep 24, 1915                          BAILLEUL, FRANCE

3 AM      Last of troops marched off to Billets: Remained at this point until 27th.S             B L

Sat., Sep 25, 1915

[Note transcriber: there is no entry for this date]

Sun., Sep 26, 1915

[Note transcriber: there is no entry for this date]

Mon., Sep 27, 1915

4 PM      Marched out of BAILLEUL On Rue de Lille, - ROMARIN to PLOEGSTEERT, Belgium         

10 PM    Distance about 8 miles. HQ located at Convent de St Paul – de – Croix; 3 Squadrons billeted in farms in vicinity, Transport parked one mile N E of ROMARIN. The line was occupied by Officers & N.C.O.s being temporarily attached to 15th Canadian Battalion for instruction in the trenches. Intermittent artillery duel carried on between enemy artillery and Battery dug in in rear of Regimental Headquarters.                                                              B L.

Tue.,  Sep 28, 1915                   PLOEGSTEERT, BELGIUM

Regiment temporarily attached to 3rd Can. Infantry Brigade 1st Can. Division.                 B. L.

Wed., Sep 29, 1915

[Note transcriber: there is no entry for this date]

Thu., Sep 30, 1915

While Guard on Magazine being mounted two shells burst in vicinity causing men to retreat

to dug outs. One Civilian wounded severely.                                                                         B L


***************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

From 1st October To 31st October 1915

Volume.2

 

Fri., Oct 1, 1915                       PLOEGSTEERT, BELGIUM

              Regimental Order issued that spurs will not be worn but carried in pack.

10. A     Two other Ranks proceeded to Zuytipeene to attend N.C.O.’s school of instruction.

                                                                ZUYTIPEENE

Sat., Oct 2, 1915

Enemy shelled PLOEGSTEERT heavily. Regiment took refuge in trenches and dugouts.

11.20 P  B.M. 391 received. Orders to rejoin 1st CMR Brigade on 3rd inst.

Sun., Oct 3, 1915                            KEMMEL, BELGIUM

2.30 P    Regiment proceeded to KEMMEL via NEUVE EGLISE bivouacking at KEMMEL WOOD, for the night.          Transport parked at DRANOUTRE.

Mon., Oct 4, 1915                          DICKEBUSCH, BELGIUM  

8. A        C.M.R.’s received. Details of orders to proceed to DICKEBUSCH.

DICKEBUSCH 1.00 P    Operation Order #2 received.

12 noon Machine Gun Section and advance party arrived at DICKEBUSCH CHURCH.

7. P        1st C.M.R. Brigade arrives at same place.

              General Seely, it is announced has assumed command of Can. Cavalry Brigade and 1st CMR Brigade. The force was detailed to take over the Area then held by the 52nd Infantry Brigade viz:- from a line drawn E. - W. just south of the Road junction N.18.a.7.7. on the WYSCHAETE – VIERSTRAAT road, thence in an N.E. direction to a line drawn N.W. by W. through O.7.b.6.9. the front line trenches being in an irregular line joining these two points. This area was divided into two sections in a line drawn N.W. by W. from junction of trenches O.7.c.1.7.  through a small copse in N.11.A.9.9. The right section held by the Canadian Cavalry Brigade was south of this line and the left section held by the 1st C.M.R. Brigade was north of it. The 1st and 2nd Regiments C.M.R. relieved the 8th West Riding Regiment, Duke of Wellington’s taking over trenches in Mobile Reserve. Left Section and BOIS                                                                                                                                B. Laws

2

BOIS CARRÉ DEFENCES, BELGIUM

Oct 4 BOIS CARRE defences. The front and support trenches were occupied by the 2nd Regt. CMR. the rest of the trenches, garrisons, and Mobile Reserve being held by the 1st Regt C.M.R. The Machine Gun Section under Lt C.W. LAUBACH and Mining Section under Lt C.D. LIVINGSTONE acted under Brigade Orders. The Brigade marched from KEMMEL HILL to Cross Roads N.24.a.8.5. thence N.E. to Road Junction N.7.b.7.0. on the DICKEBUSCH – BAILLUEL Road, thence to HALLEBAAST &DICKEBUSCH.

Tue., Oct 5, 1915

5     Intermittent Artillery Bomb &Rifle Fire all day, gaining intensity at night.

Wed., Oct 6, 1915

6   4. P    One other rank accidentally wounded.

6              Intermittent Artillery Bomb &Rifle fire

Thu., Oct 7, 1915

7              Intermittent Artillery Bomb &Rifle fire.

Fri., Oct 8, 1915

8     5  P    Day fairly quiet. Enemy shelled our trenches vigorously from 5P.M – 6.15 PM

   6.15 P    Guides met Advance Party of 20th Can. Battln at DICKEBUSCH Church.

    11.  A   Operation Order # 3 received, ordering the Regiment to relieve the R.C.D. in Force Reserve.

     10.  P   Lt. P.S. STROOD Killed, bullet wound under the heart, on returning from S.7. Redoubt.

    10.30P  The Regiment was relieved by the 20th Can. Battln, 4th Can. Inf: Bgde, and began moving out independently by Squadrons to relieve the R.C.D [Royal Canadian Dragoons] in Force Reserve.

Sat., Oct 9, 1915                         RIDGEWOOD [Ridge Wood], BELGIUM

9  1.30A   Move completed without further Casualties. Lt. Col H. I. STEVENSON assumes command of Force Reserve, consisting of 1st & 3rd Regiments CMR.

  11.30A     The remains of the late Lt. P.S. STROOD interred at graveyard at RIDGEWOOD Gen Seeley, Lt Brook and the entire Regiment being present.

    2.30P      Orders to move received.

    3.  P   Regiment proceeded to ALDERSHOT HUTS, the transport which had left DRANOUTRE and

proceeded to a point about ¾ mile West of HALLEBAAST falling in behind.

ALDERSHOT

Oct 9  8. P   Arrived at ALDERSHOT huts.

Sun., Oct 10, 1915

Weather fine

Mon., Oct 11, 1915

Weather fine.

Tue., Oct 12, 1915

12  10.30  A   Brigade inspected by Lt Gen. ALDERSON, K.C.B.  Weather fine.

Wed., Oct 13, 1915

13   9.  A    The Officer Commanding, with the 2nd in Command of each Squadron proceeded to Headquarters 10th Canadian Battalion. Weather fair.

Thu., Oct 14, 1915

14  11.45 A    B.M. 115 received. Orders received to move to DRANOUTRE.Officer Commanding party returned

        2.30 P    Regiment proceeded to DRANOUTRE. Weather Wintery, fine. Billeted under canvas.

Fri., Oct 15, 1915

15  7.30 A   Working party 200 all ranks proceeded to H.Q. 1st Can. Inf. Bgde. N.33.d.3.3.

      5.45 P    Working party 100 all ranks proceeded to H.Q. 1st Can. Inf. Bgde. N.33.d.3.3.

Sat., Oct 16, 1915

16  7.30 A   Working party 100 all ranks proceeded to H.Q. 1st Can. Inf. Bgde.

                    Interpreter transferred to 42nd Can. Battln. M.M. Berthein.

Sun., Oct 17, 1915

17  7.30 A   Working party 100 all ranks proceeded to H.Q. 1st Can. Inf. Bgde. N.33.d.4.1.

      6.     P    Working party 200 all ranks proceeded to H.Q. 1st Can. Inf. Bgde.

Mon., Oct 18, 1915

18  7.30 A   Regimental Bathing Parade.

      8.     A   One G.S. Wagon with driver on command proceeded to Camp Commandant office.

                    One other Rank proceeded to Grenade School at TERDEGHEM.

      5.30 P   Working party 200 all ranks proceeded to H.Q. 1st Can. Inf. Bgde. N.33.d.4.1.

Tue., Oct 19, 1915

19  7.30 A   Working party 100 all ranks proceeded to H.Q. 1st Can. Inf. Bgde.

      5.30 P   Working party 100 all ranks proceeded to H.Q. 1st Can. Inf. Bgde.

                    Two other ranks attached transferred to Corps Headquarters as police.

Wed., Oct 20, 1915

20  8.     A    Eighteen other ranks proceeded to Brigade Grenade School.

    12.15 P   Bathing Parade proceeded to baths at asile à aliénés [Insane Asylum] at BAILLEUL.

      5.30 P   Working party 200 all ranks proceeded to 1st Can. Inf. Bgde. H.Q.

                                                                                                                                         B. Laws

Thu., Oct 21, 1915                     DRANOUTRE, BELGIUM

Oct 21  7.30 A   Working Party of 100 all ranks proceeded to 1st Can: Infantry Brigade H.Q.

             5.30 P   Working Party of 100 all ranks proceeded to 1st Can: Infantry Brigade H.Q.

Fri., Oct 22, 1915

22  7.45  A   Working Party of 200 all ranks proceeded to Cross Roads T.3.d.2.9.to report to Lt Sweeney R.E.

      8.   A   Capt R.E. COLMAN, Lt. C.G. LLOYD with three other ranks proceeded to Brigade Grenade School.

      2 .     P    Two other ranks returned from N.C.Os. School of Instruction at ZUYTPEENE.

Sat., Oct 23, 1915

23  7.45  A   Working Party of 200 all ranks proceeded to Cross Roads T.3.d.2.9.to report to Lt Sweeney R.E.

                     Two other ranks transferred to Brigade Headquarters as Signallers.

Sun., Oct 24, 1915

24  8.      A   R.C.’s Church Parade.

      7.45  A   Working Party of 200 all ranks proceeded to Cross Roads T.3.d.2.9.to report to  

Lt Sweeney R.E.

     10.30  A   Church Parade.

Mon., Oct 25, 1915

25  7.45  A   Working Party of 200 all ranks proceeded to Cross Roads T.3.d.2.9.to report to Lt Sweeney R.E.

      8.     A    Fifteen other ranks proceeded to Camp Commandants Office for one week’s tour of duty.

                     106116 Pte CRAIG J.A. who on October 6th shot himself in the left foot, was tried by Field General Court Martial for Neglect to the prejudice of good order and Military discipline, (self inflicted wound)”, and was awarded twenty one days F.P. + 1. Sentence confirmed on 26th inst.

      8.30  A    One other rank proceeded to N.C.O’s. School of Instruction at ZUYTPEENE.

      10.    A    Major R.C. ANDROS returned from leave in BRITISH COLUMBIA.  

        2.    P     One other rank returned from Grenade School at TERDEGHEM.

Tue., Oct 26, 1915

26   10.     A     Parade for inspection and selection of bodyguard for H.M. the KING.

       12.15 P    Bodyguard moves off and proceeded to LOCRE.

       12.45 P    Regiment moves off to LOCRE where it was inspected by H.M. the KING.

                        Rained heavily all day. Camp flooded. Horse lines had to me [be] moved.

Wed., Oct 27, 1915

27  8.  A      Twenty one other ranks proceeded to Brigade School. Rained heavily all day. Camp flooded.                             

 

5

Thu., Oct 28, 1915                    DRANOUTRE, BELGIUM

Oct 28  7.45 A   Working Party 150 all ranks proceeded to H.Q. 1st Can: Infantry Brigade to work with 3rd. Field Con. N-33.d-4.1. Rained heavily nearly all day.

Fri., Oct. 29, 1915

29 7.45 A   Working Party 200 all ranks proceeded to Cross Roads T.3.d.2.9.to report to Lt Sweeney R.E. Heavy rain nearly all day. Camp flooded.

Sat., Oct 30, 1915

30 7.45 A   Working Party 200 all ranks proceeded to Cross Roads T.3.d.2.9.to report to Lt Sweeney R.E.

        8.  A    Lt  S.H. Lewis, Lt E.L. Morrison, Lt W.J. Bowdridge with six other ranks proceeded to Brigade Grenade School. Heavy rain nearly all day. Camp in bad condition.

Sun., Oct 31, 1915

31  8.  A    Moved to location about ¼ mile N.W. of present Camp. Day opened clear, raining later. All working parties for this day cancelled.

                                                                                                                                         B. Laws

**************************************************************************************************************************

From 1st November To 30th November 1915 

Volume 3.

 

Mon., Nov 1, 1915                      DRANOUTRE, BELGIUM

7.30    Working party 100 all ranks proceeded to Cross Roads T.3.D.2.1 Sheet 28 to report to

     am  Lt. S.F.G. Sweeney R.E.

8.00 am  21 other ranks proceeded to B.H.Q. Grenade School                                               BL

Tue., Nov 2, 1915

7.30am    Working party 100 all ranks proceeded to T.15 b 5.5 to report to Lt. Sweeney R.E.

5.30  -      Working party 150 all ranks proceeded to 1st C.I.B. H.Q. N 33-d-4-1.                   BL

Wed., Nov 3, 1915

7.30a.m.  Working party 100 all ranks proceeded to Cross Roads T.15-B-5-5 to report to Lt. Sweeney R.E.

Balance Regiment carring on Physical Exercise & Grenade instruction.                                BL

Thu., Nov 4, 1915

7.30am  Working party 100 all ranks proceeded to Cross Roads T.15.B.5.5 to report to Lt. Sweeney R.E.

Balance Regiment carring on Physical Exercise & Grenade instruction.                                BL

Fri., Nov 5, 1915

7.30a.m.  Working party 100 all ranks proceeded to Cross Roads T.15.13.5.5 to report to Lt. Sweeney R.E.

Balance Regiment carring on Physical Exercise & Grenade instruction.                                BL

Sat., Nov 6, 1915

7.30a.m.  Working party 100 all ranks proceeded to 1st C.I.B.

Balance Regiment carring on Physical Exercise and Grenade instruction.                             BL

Sun., Nov 7, 1915

7.30 am   Working party 150 all ranks proceeded to 1st C.I.B.

5.30 pm                do         50        do                       do             3rd F.Co. [3rd Field Company]

Mon., Nov 8, 1915

7.30 am   Working party 100 all ranks proceeded to 1st C.I.B. 3rd F.Co.

                               do     100      do                  do     Cross Rds. T.15.b.5.5 to report to Lt. Sweeney R.E.                                                                                                                           BL 

8.00 am  One Officer and 8 other ranks proceeded to Bgde. Grenade section.      

               Guard. 15 all ranks proceeded to Corps H.Q.

               4 Officers, 4 other ranks proceeded to 10th Battn. H.Q. for duty.

               Balance Regt. Physical Exercises & Grenade instruction.                                        BL

Tue., Nov 9, 1915

7.30 am   Working party 200 all ranks proceeded to 1st C.I.B. 3rd F.Co.                                 

                Balance Regt. Physical Exercises & Grenade instruction.                                       BL

Wed., Nov 10, 1915

7.30 am   Working party 200 all ranks proceeded to 1st C.I.B. 3rd F.Co.                                 

                Balance Regt. Bathing Parade - Physical Exercises & Grenade instructionetc.                                       

Thu., ???Nov 11, 1915

7.30a.m.  Working party 100 all ranks proceeded to Cross Roads T.15.b.5.5 to report to Lt. Sweeney R.E.                                                                                                                           BL

                               do      100       do                 do  to T.I.a.T.2.

Bathing Parade, Physical Exercises & Grenade Instruction &c for balance Regiment.                                     

2

Fri., Nov 12, 1915                       DRANOUTRE, BELGIUM

7.30 am   Working party 100 all ranks proceeded to 1st C.I.B. 3rd F.Co.                                

                              do      100           do                do   Cross Roads T.3 d 2.I to report to Lt. Sweeney R.E.                                                        

Balance Regt- Physical Exercises & Grenade Instructions.                                                   BL

Sat., Nov 13, 1915

7.30 am   Working party 100 all ranks proceeded to Cross Roads T.3.d.2.I to report to Lt. Sweeney R.E.                                                                                                                           BL

5.30 pm                do        150        do                do        1st C.I.Bdge. 3rd FCo.                                

Sun., Nov 14, 1915

7.30 am   Working party 100 all ranks proceeded to 1st C.I.Bdge. 3rd F.Co.                                                                                                                                                         

                              do      100           do                do   Cross Roads T.3.d.2.I to report to Lt. Sweeney R.E.                                                                                                                           BL

10. AM.   Church Parade.

Mon., Nov 15, 1915

7.30 am   Working party 100 all ranks proceeded to 1st C.I.Bdge. 3rd F.Co.                          BL                                                                                                                             

                         do            100       do                do    T.3.d.2.I to report to Lt Sweeney R.E.     

8.00 a.m.  3 Officers and 24 other ranks proceeded to B. Hqrs Grenade School for instruction.

Balance Reg-. Physical Exercises and Grenade instructions &c.                                       

Tue., Nov 16, 1915

7.30 am  Working party 100 all ranks proceeded to T.3.d.2.I to report to Lt. Sweeney R.E. BL     

                Balance Regt. Physical Exercises and Grenade instructions &c.                                       

Wed., Nov 17, 1915

7.30 am   Working party 100 all ranks proceeded to 1st C.I.Bdge. 3rd F.Co.                          BL                                                                                                                             

                             do        100      do                  do     T.3.d.2.I to report to Lt Sweeney R.E.     

                 Balance Regt. Physical Exercises and Grenade instructions &c.                                       

5.30 p.m.  Working party 50 all ranks proceeded to 1st C.I.Bdge. 3rd F.Co.                                                                                                               

Thu., Nov 18, 1915

7.30 am     Working party 75 all ranks proceeded to 1st C.I.Bdge. 3rd F.Co.                          BL  

                            do        100        do                 do     T.3.d.2.I to report to Lt.Sweeney R.E.     

11.00 a.m.           do          11        do                 do     1st C.I.B. 3rd F.Co.                                 

5.30 pm               do          64        do                do                 do

Fri., Nov 19, 1915

7.30 am               do          75        do                do                 do

                   Balance Regt. Physical Exercises and Grenade Instruction &c.

5.30 pm     Working party 75 all ranks proceeded to 1st C.I.Bdge. 3rd. F.Co.                         BL                                   

Sat., Nov 20, 1915

7.30 am               do          75        do                do                 do

5.30 pm               do          75        do                do                 do                                              BL

Sun., Nov 21, 1915

7.30 am               do         100        do                do                 do                                              BL

10 a.m       Church Parade.

5.30 pm     Working party 75 all ranks proceeded to 1st C.I.Bdge. 3rd. F.Co.                         

3

Mon., Nov 22, 1915                     DRANOUTRE, BELGIUM

7.30 AM.     Working party 75 all ranks proceeded to 1st C.I.Bdge. 3rd F.Co.                          

Balance Regt. Physical Exercises and Grenade Instruction &c.

5.30 p.m.    Working party 75 all ranks proceeded to 1st C.I.Bdge. 3rd F.Co.                         BL                                              

Tue., Nov 23, 1915

3 p.m.      Operation order # 4 issued.                                                                                      BL

Wed., Nov 24, 1915              ALDERSHOT HUTS, BELGIUM

9 a.m       Regiment proceeded to Aldershot Huts.                                                                 BL

11.am      Regiment arrived at Aldershot Huts.                                                                     

                One Officer and 8 other ranks proceeded to Bgde. Grenade Schl. for instruction. BL

Thu., Nov 25, 1915               ALDERSHOT HUTS, BELGIUM

9.a.m.      Regiment carrying on Physical Exercises &c &c.

4.30pm    Working party 204 all ranks proceeded to COURTDREVE T.24.a.4.8 to report to                1st F.Co                                                                                                                                     BL

Fri., Nov 26, 1915

10.30 AM All Squadron officers under rank F.O. attended Gas demonstration at T28 a 33.

5.30 pm    Working party 204 all ranks proceeded to UX.13.b.2 8. to report to 2nd F.Co     BL

Sat., Nov 27, 1915

6 a.m.        Operation Orders # 5 issued.

10 AM      “C” Squadron proceeded to RED LODGE and relieved Squadron Strathconas  Horse by 12.noon.

2.30 p.m.  Regt Staff, A.& B. Squadrons proceeded to IRISH FARM and T.132-133.

IRISH FARM

2.30 pm.   Regimental Headquarters opened up.

6.45 pm.   “B” Squadron completed relief of Sqdn S. Horse at T.132-133                            BL

                   C,             do             do                   do           do  at IRISH FARM                                            

Sun., Nov 28, 1915

4.30 am    Situation Normal- Wind, mild S.E.                                                                        BL

4 p.m        Situation unchanged. Enemy artillery fired 5 rounds 4.1 in Right of T132. No casualties.

Mon., Nov 29, 1915

7.15 am.    Situation Normal, FROSTY. Enemy patrol observedopposite right T132.           BL

Enemy  working party, about 30 men observed opposite T133. apparently filling & carrying sand bags towards PETITE DOUVE.. One red & white and 6 red rockets observed. Frosty ground curtailed activities of our patrols.

12 noon.  Our artillery opened up on enemy’s front line trench.

2 pm        Enemy shelling IRISH FARM. ‘A’ Squadron ordered to take cover in Trenches. Wires between R.H.Q. and Bgde. H.Q. down from 2 pm to 3.15 pm.

3 pm        Enemy artillery silenced. 2 other ranks slight scalp wounds in T132.

8 pm        Operation orders # 6 issued.                                                                                     

4

Tue., Nov 30, 1915                     IRISH FARM, BELGIUM

4.30 AM.  Situation quiet. Wind none, showery.                                                                    BL

8.30 AM.  Intelligence report.- Enemy machinegun emplacement opposite right T132 traversed Coys of our trench twice during night. We effected some repairs to our Parapet during night. Rfa fire very quiet. During night officers’ patrol proceeded to suspected m.gun emplacement on left of MESSINES ROAD but found nothing. RIVER DOUVE is now covering portions of trench 6 to 8 inches above bathmats causing slipping of parapet in parts. Sentries reported considerable movement in daylight on skyline of HILL south of LA ROSSIGNOL and some lights there at night.

11 a.m.     Enemy replied to our artillery intermittently until 3.30 pm, fire being hottest between 12 noon and 3 pm. R.H.Qs and Sqdn. in support took cover in Communication Trench. R.H.Qs being heavily shelled.

4.30 p.m.  Evening situation normal.

12 noon.   Grenade Section relieved

5 pm         Machine Gun Section relieved

5.40 pm    Squadron in support relieved

6.30 pm    Relief reached front line trenches

7.25 pm    Relief by 2nd Regt. CMR completed. The Regiment proceeded to ENGLISH FARM billets- Regtl H.Qs and ‘C’. Sqdn. being at ENGLISH FARM – “A” Sqdn. in rear of Hill 63.- ‘B’ Sqdn at PETIT PONT. Casualties 2 other ranks – sick to 12 C.F.A. [Canadian Field Ambulance] – one other rank returned –

***********************************************************************************************************************************************

From 1st. December To 31st. December 1915 

Volume 4

Wed., Dec 1, 1915             ENGLISH FARM, BELGIUM  T.21.D.4.3

10.30 AM.  B.M.6 received. Request for 2 wagons to report to R.E. yard ROMARIN at 4.30 pm                                                                                                                                    BL

12.25 pm     re- Suspension of movement in FORCE AREA – received.

12.45   “      OC B. Sqdn. reports seeing suspicious character.

  5.30   “               do      advised release of suspicious character. Detention not considered necessary. Casualties 1 O.R. evacuated to #3 C.F.A.  GS Wound – 1 O.R. returned from Hospital.

Thu., Dec 2, 1915

 2 pm  Brigade Operation Order # 7 received.                                                                         BL

 9 pm  Operation Order # 7 issued.

            Casualties 5 O.R. Evacuated to # 3 C.F.A.

Fri., Dec 3, 1915

8 35am 4 NCOs and 12 men from A Squadron detailed to report at T134 at 3.30 pm as Listening Post                                                                                                                           BL

1 pm    Col. Sissons now at H.Q.-  Lt.Col. A L.Young assumes Command of Brigade.

3 pm    Regt. fell in & marched off meeting guides at Red Lodge at 4.30 pm.

5 pm    M. Gun Section completed Relief.

6 pm    ‘C’ Sqdn relieved Sqdn in support.

6.30.      A Sqdn relieved Sqdn in front Trenches at T134-135.

12 noon B Sqdn in Regimental Reserve.

              Casualties 4 O.R. to # 3 C.F.A.

Sat., Dec 4, 1915                            BELGIUM,  U 7.D.6.8

7.am    Enemy Machine Gun fire active till midnight. Situation then becoming normal.

11.am   Enemy working party seen on skyline to right of PETIT DOUVE FARM.              BL

11.30 .  B.H.Q advised - Commencement of artillery fire to begin at 12.30 pm.

2.10 pm The following daily working parties were detailed from O.C. T 134-135 (A) 40 men to H.Q  T 135 at 8p.m. (B) 10 men to report to H.Q. T 134 at 8.30 am (C) 10 men to H.Q. T 135 at 8.30 am  From O.C. Supports – (A) 40 men to H.Q  T 135 at 8p.m. (B) 10 men to report to H.Q. Winter Trench at 8.30 a.m. (C) 70 men to report to H.Q. Winter Trench at 8.30 a.m. (D) 8 men to report to Regt. H.Q. at 8.30 am.

3.45pm  Situation fairly quiet though enemy shelled LA ROSSIGNOL at 2.30 P.M.

4 pm     Message received from 2* Bgde CMR. We will probably have patrol out to new barrier MESSINES ROAD at 10 pm tonight.

5 pm     Squadrons warned to this effect.

9 pm     Bridge over RIVER DOUVE between T 133-134 reported washed out.

11.55pm   Casualties 2 other ranks Killed in action. 3 other ranks wounded.                        BL

Sun., Dec 5, 1915                           

4.30 AM.  Situation report quiet. Weather showery.                                                               BL

10.30  “     Burial party detailed from B sqdn.

10.45  /      O.C. T134-135. reports 10 minutes before enemy bombardment commenced a train was heard to come up whistle & stop NORTH OF MESSINES. Communicated to Bgde.

2.25pm      Bdge operation order #7 received.

2.30pm      Operation order #8 issued –

U 13 A 5 7

3 pm          Regtl H.Q. moved to LE ROSSIGNOL.

                  Command of the Left Sector occupied by the 1st & 2nd Regts C.M.R. assumed by Lt.Col. C.L. Bott 2nd Regt CMR.

4 p.m         Regtl Staff 1st C.M.R. returned to Aldershot Huts.

                  Casualties Nil.

Mon., Dec 6, 1915

2 pm    1 other rank killed, 1 O.R. wounded. 106394 Cpl Messenger W arrested in connection with this matter & sent down under escort to Transport Park.                                                BL

5.30pm   Regtl Staff arrived at LE ROSSIGNOL.

7.35p.m  On completion of relief of 2nd Regt by 3-Regt CMR. Lt Col H.I.Stevenson assumed command of the LEFT SECTOR in accordance with operation order #7

Disposition C Sqdn 1st Regt in T 134-135. B. Sqdn 3rd R. C.M.R. in T 132-133

B Sqdn 1st Regt in Support in Winter Trenches. A Sqdn 3rd Regt in Support at IRISH FARM

‘A’ Sqdn 1st Regt and C Sqdn 3rd Regt. in reserve in rear of HILL 63.

9.30pm  Following **** working parties were detached from_  Reserve Sqdn 1st Regt. 30 men to to report to H.Q. WINTER TRENCH at 10 p.m From Support Sqdn. 3rd Regt. 30 men to report to H.Q. Winter Trench at 11 pm

11pm   SEELEYS FORCE report received – reporting artillery retalliation.

Tue., Dec 7, 1915                                     U 13.A 5.7

4.45 A.M  Situation Normal. Wind S.W. Light -

8.10    “     Intelligence. Enemy very quiet. Work on repair T134-5 DOUVE and PETIT     BL

DOUVE bridges being pushed on. Snipers located at DOUVE FARM. Enemy generally on the alert.

12noon.  L117 to Seelys Forces reporting Reserve Sqdn 3rd Regt CMR. have strength of only 2 Officers &84 other ranks.

1.20pm.  Report to Seely Forces stating that the medical arrangements on the Left Sector were far from satisfactory & requested investigation –

4.30pm.  Evening situation. NORMAL. WIND. Light westerly.

Wed., Dec 8, 1915                                   

8.30A.M.  Situation Normal. Few shells dropped in rear of T134. No damage done.            BL

2.30 pm    Advised there will be an enterprise by the L S.H. against the barrier on the MESSINES ROAD.

4.55p.m.  “Situation, working party on WINTER TRENCH shelled out. Enemy artillery registered nine shells on parapet. MESSINES ROAD at junction with T 131 – 132 shelled accurately with Shrapnel and H.E.  H.Q  Left Sector also shelled. Total Casualties 3rd Regt – One Officer Killed – one wounded six O.R. wounded – CLEAR. Wind fresh westerly. subsiding during afternoon.

9.30pm.  All working parties withdrawn. Enemys lines bombarded from 10 to 11pm. Enemy very much alert during the night.

Thu., Dec 9, 1915

4.30a.m  Disposition – B Sqdn. relieved C.Sqdn in T 134-135. C.Sqdn taking over W.Trench.

                                                                                                                                                  BL

5 A.M.    Enemy uneasy on LEFT SECTOR caused by attack made on RIGHT SECTOR during night.

8.30AM. Situation Normal. Light westerly wind. Small working party observed in vicinity of  PETIT DOUVE FARM which was dispersed by our machine gun fire. Enemy’s artillery seems to have registered accurately at T 132 & 133 -   

4.30pm  Situation very quiet – no movement in enemys lines whatever.

8.15     OCGrenade Sect- H.Q. Regina Ave. detailed to patrol T 134 & 135 as retaliation is expected from the enemy.

Fri., Dec 10, 1915              LE ROSSIGNOL, BELGIUM  U13.A.5.7.

4 45 AM.  Disposition report unchanged.

5 AM.       DOUVE RIVER rose three feet during the last two hours and the only means of communication between H.Q. & T 134& 135 is to telephone. Water caused considerable damage to parapets in T 132- 133 &134. Situation during night very quiet – Light Easterly wind- Rain-

8.30 AM   RIVER DOUVE reported still rising. Enemy reported riveting in FRONT LINE T. otherwise their FRONT LINE seems to have been vacated. Flares being sent up from their 2nd line. The heavy rain damaged WINTER T. and pumping has to be kept up. Weather Cloudy.

1030AM   LIGHT. South easterly WIND.

4.30pm    Situation quiet until 3.20 PM when enemy artillery shelled RED COTTAGE. Right half T134 and Winter T. Casualties one man killed & one wounded. Wind Fresh South East.

6.05 “   Sqdn in Support at IRISH FARM relieved by Battn at 11 a.m. Relief completed at 8.10 pm. B&C Sqdns proceeded to BULFORD CAMP where A Sqdn relieved at 11. Am were already quartered.

Sat., Dec 11, 1915

11 am.  Regt left BULFORD CAMP and proceeded to billets near METEREN.                  BL

Guards placed immediately on arrival.

Sun., Dec 12, 1915                                    X 17.A.3.1                                                                                     

Sunday routine – H.Q. at X 17. A 3 1                                                                                      BL

Mon., Dec 13, 1915

Mounted Infantry training – (dismounted) &c                                                                         BL

Tue., Dec 14, 1915              

                   do                                do                                                                                       BL

Wed., Dec 15, 1915

                   do                                do                                                                                       BL

                                                                                                                                                  BL

Thu., Dec 16, 1915               METEREN, FRANCE  X 17 A.31

Routine Training.                                                                                                                     BL                                                                              

Fri., Dec 17, 1915

              do                                                                                                                               BL

Sat., Dec 18, 1915

Sunday Routine. Divine Service in Billets.                                                                             BL

Sun., Dec 19, 1915

Routine Training.                                                                                                                     BL                                                                              

Mon., Dec 20, 1915

Inspection by Major Genl Mercer C.B. at X15 a 5.5                                                               BL   

Tue., Dec 21, 1915

Routine Training                                                                                                                     

One officer & 10 other ranks – wood cutting party to Clairmarins Forest -                            BL

Wed., Dec 22, 1915

Routine Training                                                                                                                      BL

Thu., ?Dec 23, 1915

               do                                                                                                                               BL

Fri., Dec 24, 1915

               do                                                                                                                               BL

Sat., Dec 25, 1915

Christmas Day. Brigade Church Parade at 2.30 pm Crosse a’ Epaigne Bailleul.                    BL

Sun., Dec 26, 1915

Routine Training                                                                                                                      BL

Mon., Dec 27, 1915

               do                                                                                                                               BL

Tue., Dec 28, 1915

               do     Working party one officer and 50 other ranks to X 10. A 2.2                         BL                                                                                                                             

Wed., Dec 29, 1915

               do                           do                                           do                                                 BL

Thu., Dec 30, 1915

               do                           do                                                                                                BL

Fri., Dec 31, 1915

Course of Infantry Training commenced.                                                                                BL



Wed., Dec 1, 1915             ENGLISH FARM, BELGIUM  T.21.d.4.3

12.30 A.M. B.M.6. received. Request for two wagons to report to R.E. yard  ROMARIN at 4.30 P.M.                                                                                                                                BL

12.25PM  B.M.6. – re suspension of movement in force FORCE AREA – received.

12.40 p.m. L 9. referring to B.M.6. issued withdrawing all Working Parties.  

12.45 p.m  O.C. B. Squadron reports seeing suspicious character.

11.45 AM  ******** Certificate re Cameras forwarded to B.H.Q.

5.30 p.m.  L 20 to O.C. B. Squadron advising detention of suspicious character – this was not considered necessary. C.w.

Casualties. 1 other rank evacuated to #3 C.F.A.  G.S. wound hand and knee. 1 other rank returned from hospital.

Thu., Dec 2, 1915                                            do

10 A.M.  L 44 forwarded to B.H.Q. – Nominal roll Signallers and D.R.’s for 3rd Div. Sig. Corps.                                                                                                                                       BL

2 p.m  Brigade operation order #7 received.

9 p.m. Operation order #7 issued.

Casualties 5 other ranks to #3 C.F.A.                                                                                      BL

Fri., Dec 3, 1915                                              do

8 25 A.M  Four NCO’s and 12 men from A Squadron detailed to report at T 134 at 3.30 p.m as listening-post.

11 AM.  L 40 issued notifying that Lieut. BELL 2nd Regt. C.M.R. will act as Regimental Grenade officer during his tour of duty.

11.15 A.M.  B.M. 40 from B.H.Q. requesting two G.S. wagons with 4 horse-trains to report to R.E. ROMARIN at 6 p.m.                                                                                                                          

1 p.m.  B.M. 43 received - Col. Sissons now at H.Q.-  Lt.Col. A L.Young assumes Command of Brigade.

3 p.m.  Regiment fell in and marched off  meeting Guides at RED LODGE at 4.30 p.m.     BL

[Note transcriber: The alternate entries for the month of December 1915, also by Burnett Laws, and listed as:-

December 1915, p. 10  

December 1915, p. 11  

December 1915, p. 12  

December 1915, p. 13  

December 1915, p. 14  

December 1915, p. 15

are badly faded and almost completely illegible, perhaps water damaged. 

***************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

1916

Confidential 

War Diary

of                                                            

1st Battalion (C. M. R.)  3rd Canadian Division                         

From 1st January To 31st January 1916 

Volume 5


Sat., Jan 1, 1916                            METEREN, BELGIUM.

Infantry Training under Special Infantry Instructors.

Re-organisation into Battalion Establishment from Regimental basis of Mounted Infantry. 1st Regt. C.M.R. with A.& C. Squadrons of 3rd Regt C.M.R. & m.Gun Sectn. 3rd Regt C.M.R. form 1st Battalion C.M.R. Lt.Col. H.I. Stevenson handing over command to Lt.Col A.E. Shaw. late 6th Regt CMR.

Sun., Jan 2, 1916

Sunday Routine.

Mon., Jan 3, 1916

Infantry Training.

Tue., Jan 4, 1916

11.AM.  Inspection of 8th Can. Inf. Bdge. in Field X 15.C. by Brig.Gen. V. Williams. Brigade Commander.

32 all ranks reinforcement from Can.Cav.Depot. taken on strength.

Wed., Jan 5, 1916

11.AM.  Inspection of 8th Can. Inf. Bdge. in Field X 15.C. by G.O.C. 3rd Can. Divn.

Thu., Jan 6, 1916

Infantry Training under Special Instructors.

8.30AM Working party 25 o. ranks reported at No1. Grenade School.

Fri., Jan 7, 1916

    “                           do                                do                       do

Infantry Training under Special Instructors.

Sat., Jan 8, 1916

          do                  do                do

Working party 25 o. ranks reported at No1. Grenade School

Sun., Jan 9, 1916

Sunday Routine.

Mon., Jan 10, 1916

Infantry Training under Special Instructors.

Informal inspection by Brig. Gen. V. Williams. com of 8th Can. Inf. Bdge. who expressed his keen appreciation of the smart appearance of the Battalion whilst on parade.

8.30AM  working party 25 other ranks reported at No1. Grenade School.

Tue., Jan 11, 1916                         METEREN, BELGIUM.

Infantry Training under Special Instructors

M.G. Section proceeded to M.G. School for extra course of Instruction.                             PSH

Wed., Jan 12, 1916

Infantry Training under Special Instructors                                                                          PSH

Thu., Jan 13, 1916

Infantry Training under Special Instructors

Battn. Route march full marching order.                                                                              PSH

Fri., Jan 14, 1916

Infantry Training under Special Instructors                                                                          PSH

Sat., Jan 15, 1916                                                                                                                 PSH

Infantry Training under Special Instructors                                                                          PSH

Sun., Jan 16, 1916

Sunday Routine:-

2pm  Battn. Parade “Divine Service”                                                                                   PSH

Mon., Jan 17, 1916

Infantry Training under Special Instructors

One Officer 24 other ranks proceeded to No1. Grenade School for Grenade Course.         PSH

Tue., Jan 18, 1916

9.30am  Battn. proceeded to No1. Grenade School for Gas Demonstration

1 – 6pm  Bathing Parades. at 3rd Can. Divisional Baths.                                                       PSH

Wed., Jan 19, 1916

Infantry Training under Special Instructors

Signalling Class and Grenade Course under Battn. Officers                                                  PSH

Thu., Jan 20, 1916

9am-1pm  Infantry Training, Companies in attack

2.30-6pm  Bathing Parades at 3rd Can. Divisional Baths.                                                     PSH

Fri., Jan 21, 1916

9am-1pm  Infantry Training, Companies in attack and Defence

2.30-3.30   Bayonet Exercise

Working party 26 other ranks proceeded to CASTRE to report to                                        PSH                                                                                                                      Ordinance Officer there at 7.30 a.m.

Signalling Class under Signalling Officer                                                                             PSH          

Sat., Jan 22, 1916                          METEREN, BELGIUM. 

9am-1pm.  Infantry Training under Special Instructors

9am-4pm.  Signalling Class under Signalling Officer

7.30am-12noon.  Bathing Parades at 3rd Can. Divisional Baths for “D” and part “C” Companies

2.30-3.30  Lectures by Company Officers                                                                            PSH

Sun., Jan 23, 1916

Sunday Routine:-

2pm  Battn. Parade Divine Service on Battn. Parade Ground                                              PSH

Mon., Jan 24., 1916

7.am  Working Party. One Officer & 64 other ranks proceeded to Brigade M.G.Sch. & reported for duty at. 8.30.am.

Balance Battn. Infantry Training under Special Instructors

Signalling Class under Signalling Officer.                                                                           PSH

Tue., Jan 25, 1916

9am  Battn. Route march, full marching order. Returning to Billets at 1pm.

2.30-3.30. Musketry Training at Ranges                                                                               PSH

Wed., Jan 26, 1916 

9am-11am Battn proceeded to St Jans-Capelle Road and in conjunction with the other Battns. of the 8th Can. Inf. Bde. took part in Brigade attack movements.

2.30-3.30.  Lectures by Company Officers

Thu., ?Jan 27, 1916

9am-1.30pm.  Battn. paraded in full marching order all available Transport.

Band in attendance. Proceeded via FLETRE road heading 8th Can Inf. Bde. in Brigade Route March, returning to Billets about 1.30.pm.                                                                           PSH

2.30-3.30pm. Lectures by Company Officers

Five Officers with 5 other ranks proceeded to Trench 142 - C1. - C2. For reconnaissance. PSH

Fri., Jan 28, 1916                           METEREN,  BELGIUM.

Infantry Training under Special Instructors

2.30pm. Transport inspected by Divisional Commander

4.pm.  Four Officers and 5 other ranks proceeded to Trench 142 and C1. C2 for Reconnaissance.                                                                                                                  

Sat., Jan 29, 1916

Infantry Training under Special Instructors

4.pm.  Two Officers and 5 other ranks proceeded to Trench 142 and C1. C2 for Reconnaissance.

11a.m.  Battn. Officers were met by Divisional Commander at Battn. H.Q.                       PSH

Sun., Jan 30, 1916

Sunday Routine -

Battn. Parade. Divine Service at 11.am. on Battn. Parade ground.                                      PSH

Mon., Jan, 31, 1916                    RED LODGE, BELGIUM

Brigade operation orders received                                                                                        PSH

Battn. proceeded, full marching order, via Bailleul, to RED LODGE arriving there at 5.p.m.

“A” and “B+C” Companies occupying Huts on Hill 63.

“D” Company billeting at RED LODGE.

Battn. H.Q. at villa Entrance. ROOZENBERG estate. rear Hill 63.                                     PSH

***************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

From 1st February To 29th  February 1916 

VOLUME 6


Tue., Feb 1, 1916          RED LODGE, BELGIUM.   LEFT SUB-SECTOR.                   McBRIDE MANSIONS

Battn. H.Q.’s at RED LODGE. a.B.C and D Coys occupying Huts and Buildings on HILL 63

5.15pm  a. Coy. proceeded to relieve 15th Battalion in T.142 . - C1 - C1S

5.20pm  C. Coy. proceeded to relieve 15th Battalion in T. C2 and BARBARY COAST HUTS.

5.25pm  B. Coy. proceeded to relieve 15th Battalion at FORBES TERRACE in SUPPORT 

5.30pm  D. Coy. proceeded to relieve 15th Battalion at FORT OSBORNE, HIGHLAND FARM and RAT ALLEY in SUPPORT. 5th CMR. Battn 8th Can Inf Bde on Right Flank

4th Battn 1st Can Inf Bde on Left Flank BATTN H.Q.s at McBRIDE MANSIONS              BL

7.20pm  Relief completed – no casualties.

Wed., Feb 2, 1916 

5 am  Situation normal – enemy rifle fire very quiet. WIND – N.E.

11.am  Intelligence Report – Enemy snipers very alert – condition of trenches and wire – good. Green and Red Flares were sent up by Enemy alternately during night. – Officers patrol, which was out nearly 2 hours, reported no sign of Enemy patrols.

11.30am  Casualties – One other rank – killed by sniper.

4.30pm  Evening Situation – Normal. Slight rifle fire, Enemy Artillery fired a few light shells, rear of T.142 – WIND – SE.

6pm  Working Parties. 1-O.  50 - OR – FORT OSBORNE.

                  “           “     1-O. 50 – OR – FORBES TERRACE.

8.50PM  GAS ALERT                                                                                                           BL

Thu., Feb 3, 1916

5 am  Morning Situation  Considerable M.Gun fire.- Suspected enemy relief took place.  WIND – S.W.

11.30am  ONE other rank evacuated --- sick --- no other casualties                                      BL              

                                             McBRIDE MANSIONS  T. 6-C- ½ -1

1.30pm  Reported enemy strengthening wire in front of T.C 3. held by 1st Brigade M.G.C. ordered to enfilade this piece of Trench.

4.30pm  Evening Situation -  unchanged – Enemy rifle and artillery fire – very quiet

WIND (- S:W

5pm.  GAS ALERT CANCELLED

7pm   Working Parties – 1 – O - . 75 O.R. at FORT OSBORNE

                                                       25 O.R. at FORBES TERRACE.

10.20pm  O.C. D.Coy. reports large fire noticed in direction of MESSINES, afterwards ascertained to be grass fire caused by flares.                                                                           BL

Fri., Feb 4, 1916

4.30am  Morning Situation – Slight Bombardment – no damage done – WIND – S.W. Raining

11am  Intelligence Report. Patrol 1 – O and 2 O.R. patrolled from T.C2. for 1½ hours night of 3rd  and reported our wire in good order.

  Patrol 1 – O. and 4 – O R left T.C1 and proceeded to within 25 yards of Enemy trench, returning reported enemy very quiet and no work going on.

This patrol remained out for nearly 2½ hours.

11.30am  ONE other rank evacuated – sick.

2.10 pm.  Enemy commenced shelling MESSINES ROAD, near T.C2 – no damage done

4.30pm.   Evening Situation -  Normal. Enemy activity on both sides WIND – S.W.

5.30pm.   D. Coy relieved A. Coy in T.142 – T.C1 – T.C1S.

                 B. Coy relieved C. Coy in T.C2 and BARBARY COAST HUTS

                 A. Coy at FORT OSBORNE and RAT ALLEY

                 C. Coy. at FORBES TERRACE, balance D. Coy at HIGHLAND FARM. Battn H.Q.’s unchanged Relief completed 8-15 pm. No Casualties

6pm.   Casualty. ONE. Other Rank slightly wounded explosion grenade detonation.           BL

Sat., Feb 5, 1916               McBRIDE MANSIONS  T.6-C. ½ -1

5.am.   Morning Situation – very quiet - WIND – SOUTH

8 am    Casualty  2 – O.R. evacuated – sick.                                                                           BL

9 am    Intelligence Report – Slight rifle fire – enemy artillery dropped 25 shells (4.1)

rear T.C2 – no damage done – 5.20 am. Enemy put up 4 Red Flares opposite

T.141. WIND – SOUTH

4.30pm  Evening Situation – Enemy quiet – no reply to our artillery bombardment this pm.

Situation unchanged. WIND – WEST

Working Parties – 1 – O. and 75 O.R. at FORT OSBORNE

                              1 – O. and 75 O.R. at SOUVENIR FARM.                                             BL  

Sun., Feb 6, 1916

5 am  Morning Situation – Situation unchanged – Enemy very quiet. WIND – S.W. Fresh.

9 am  Intelligence Report – Enemy rifle fire very slight – no artillery fire – considerable

Enemy aerial activity – One Enemy rifle grenade fell in T.142. failed to

explode - WIND – SOUTH WEST.

9.30am  Casualty ONE other rank bullet wound – slight.

3.40pm  Enemy bombarded T.142 – TC2 - and T.C18 – no damage done to parapet, but

FOUR other ranks killed by HE shell in T.C18

4.30pm  Evening Situation – Enemy rifle fire quiet – but their artillery bombarded

T.142 – C2 – C18 and FORT OSBORNE No damage done to Trenches

Signal communications cut between FORT OSBORNE and T.C1

Our artillery starting Retalliation – WIND – WEST.

7pm   Working Parties – 1 – O. and 75 O.R. at FORT OSBORNE.

                                                          26 O.R. at RATION FARM

                                                          26 O.R. at FORBES TERRACE.                                  BL

Mon., Feb 7, 1916                McBRIDE MANSIONS  T.6-C- ½ -1

5 am.  Morning Situation – Situation unchanged – Enemy quiet - WIND – SOUTH WEST

8.am.  Casualty ONE. other rank – slight bullet wound in foot.

9 am   Intelligence Report – Enemy quiet - slight rifle fire during night – suspected Rifle

Battery at U-1-A-1-8. Enemy Artillery commenced firing at 2.pm. using

5.9 and 4.5 guns. Concentrated on TT.C1 and T.142. and on Communication

Trench C.18 – No damage done to our parapets.

Bombardment ceased at 4.pm

Out artillery retalliation resulted in 3 breaches in Enemys trench between

U-1-A-1-8 and N-36-D-2    WIND – SOUTH WEST

4.30pm  Evening Situation – Normal. Enemy very quiet – Our artillery bombarded from

2.30 pm to 3.30 pm – No reply from enemy - WIND – SOUTH WEST.

5 pm.  Instructions received from Brigade to garrison at FORBES TERRACE – “SUPPORTS owing to shortage of numbers in 2nd  C.M.R. Battalion

7 pm  Relief by 2nd  C.M.R. Battalion commenced.

7.46pm  Relief completed – no casualties

RED LODGE, BELGIUM.

7.45pm  Battalion Headquarters closed at McBRIDE MANSIONS and opened up at

RED LODGE

A. B. and D  Companies occupying Huts rear HILL 63

C. Coy. remaining at FORBES TERRACE in SUPPORT assisting 2nd  C.M.R. Battalion     BL

Tue., Feb 8, 1916                                  RED LODGE.

In Brigade Reserve – 3rd Canadian Infantry Brigade

Guards furnished Brigade Headquarters- FORT EBERLE and FORT BRANDON.

1pm.  Working Party  1-O. and 50 OR. on Dugouts at Red Lodge.

3pm.         “          “     1-O. and 50 OR   “        “      “     “       “

6pm.         “          “     3-O and175 OR at RATION FARM

                 “          “                     25 OR. at SCHRINE.

6.30pm.    “          “     2-O. and 100 OR at SOUVENIR FARM

6.45pm  Reinforcements 104. OR. arrived from Canadian Base Depot.                                BL       

Wed., Feb 9, 1916

8 am.  Working Party  1-O. and 50 OR} each party engaged for 2 Hours

10 am        “          “     1-O. and 50 OR} on work repairing Dug Outs

1 pm          “          “     1-O. and 50 OR} and Drainage at RED LODGE and HILL 63.

3 pm          “          “     1-O. and 50 OR}

C. Coy. in SUPPORT at FORBES TERRACE relieved by reinforcements of 2nd  C.M.R. Battn. returning to RED LODGE and occupying huts on HILL 63.                                       BL

Thu., Feb 10, 1916

 8am    }  Bathing Parades at 1st Divisional Baths near KORTEPYP HUTS A&C. Coy’s.

   to      }

12noon}

1-6 pm          Do                    Do                   Do                   Do             B.&D. Coy’s and Staff.

8am/to12noon  Working Party  2-O. and 100 OR at RED LODGE.

1- 5pm                     “          “     2-O. and 100 OR “     “          “    

7 pm.                       “          “     1-O. and 100.OR RATION FARM.

7.30pm                    “          “     1-O. and  50 OR  “         “            “    

7.45pm                    “          “                     36.OR  “         “            “

6 pm.                       “          “                     25.OR  “ FLETCHER’S FIELD.                         BL

Fri., Feb 11, 1916                                   RED LODGE.

8 am/to12noon  Working Parties.  2.O- and 100 O.R. at RED LODGE.

1- 5pm                      “          “        2.O- and 100 O.R.  “     “          “    

6 pm.                        “          “                          25 O.R. at RATION FARM.                          BL

Sat., Feb 12, 1916

8 am/to12noon.  Working Parties.  2.O- and 100 O.R. at RED LODGE.

1- 5pm                      “          “         2.O- and 100 O.R.  “     “          “    

6 pm.                        “          “                           37 O.R. “  RATION FARM

7 pm.                        “          “         1-O. and 100 O.R.  “         “          “  

7.30pm.                    “          “         1-O. and   75 O.R.  “         “          “  

7.45pm.                    “          “         1-O. and   50 O.R.  “         “          “  

8.30pm                     “          “         1-O. and   25 O.R.  “         “          “                                BL 

Sun., Feb 13, 1916

8 am.  Operation Order No 3 Recd.    

8am/to12noon. Working Party.  2-O. and 100 O.R. at RED LODGE.

1- 3pm                     “          “      1-O. and  50 OR    “     “         “     

5pm.      A.Coy.  proceeded to T.142 and T.C 1.  Relieving  2nd  C.M.R. Battn.

5.20pm  C.Coy.        “         “  T.C 2.and BARBARY COAST HUTS “  “   “

5.40pm. B.Coy.        “        “   FORBES TERRACE in SUPPORT.

6 pm.     D.Coy        “        “    FORT OSBORNE – RAT ALLEY – and HIGHLAND FARM.

6.20pm.  Relief by 4th C.M.R. Battalion at RED LODGE.

6.20pm.  Battn. H.Qs closed at RED LODGE.

McBRIDE MANSIONS  T.6-C- ½ -1.

6.20pm.  Battn. H.Qs opened at McBRIDE MANSIONS.

7.20pm   Relief of 2nd CMR. Battn. by 1st CMR. Battn. completed. No casualties                BL

Mon., Feb 14, 1916            McBRIDE MANSIONS  T.6.C. ½ -1.

5 am.  Morning Situation – Normal. Enemy very quiet – WIND – WEST. Strong. Raining.

9 am.  Intelligence Report – Rifle fire and sniping normal. No machine gun fire –

A few shrapnel shells directed at our SUPPORTS did no damage.

2 ZEPPELINS reported passing over T.C 2. At 10.35 pm. going EAST.

Our patrols were active but did not encounter any of the Enemy.

4.30pm.  Evening Situation – Normal – Enemy very quiet – no rifle or shell fire on our

Sub-sector – WIND – SOUTH WEST. Occasional Rain – no casualties.

7 pm    Working Party  1-O. and  70 O.R. at SOUVENIR FARM.

7.15pm       “          “     1-O. and -50 O.R. FORT OSBORNE. 

6.30pm       “          “     1-O. and  80. O.R.“      “            “                                                     BL

Tue., Feb 15, 1916

5 am  Morning Situation – Quiet -  WIND – WEST  - slight Rain.

9 am.  Intelligence Report – Enemy very quiet. Rifle fire normal. No artillery fire -

Our patrols were active – reporting our wire in good condition.

4.30pm  Evening Situation – Normal. Enemy rifle fire quiet – their Artillery fired

10 shells into Trench behind T.C 2. No damage done. Moderate WEST WIND.

6.30pm. Working Party   1-O. and 100 O R. at SOUVENIR FARM.                                    BL

Wed., Feb 16, 1916

5 am  Morning Situation – unchanged – Enemy very quiet – strong WEST WIND.

9 am.  Intelligence Report – Rifle fire normal – Enemy aircraft very active. Searchlight

used from C – 32 – D – 95 – 6. Played for about 2 hours across our front.

Patrols found Enemy’s wire at T – 6 – B -7 -8 very strong – being weaker at U -1–A – 8 -7

Casualty  ONE. other rank evacuated – sick - .

4.30pm -  Evening Situation – Normal – Enemy very quiet- strong WEST WIND.              BL

Thu., Feb 17, 1916            McBRIDE MANSIONS  T.6.C. ½ -1, BELGIUM.

5 am.  Morning Situation – normal – Rifle fire very quiet – WIND – NORTH WEST.

9 am.  Intelligence Report – Rifle fire normal – enemy artillery shelling rear T.C2. no damage   done to trenches – Enemy quiet but very alert.

           8.30 pm. Visual Signalling observed from house right of INSTITUTION—MESSINES

Patrols very active but encountered none of the enemy.

10 am. Casualty. ONE.. other rank evacuated – sick.

4.30pm - Evening Situation – normal – Enemy rifle fire quiet – WIND  WEST.

6.30pm. Working Party - 2-O. and 150 O.R. reported SOUVENIR FARM for work at T.142 BL

Fri., Feb 18, 1916

5 am.  Morning Situation – Enemy rifle fire considerably increased in volume –

Enemys alertness would indicate Relief taking place – Working Parties fired on more than usual – Listening Post in T.C1. Bombed – WIND NORTH

8 am.  Casualties. ONE. Other rank bullet wound left shoulder. ONE. Other rank slight wound bomb splinter. 3.O.R. Casualties at duty. ONE. other rank evacuated – sick

ONE. other rank severely wounded – Bullet wound in head.

9 am.  Intelligence Report – Rifle fire from enemy more than usual – Slight Artillery fire Large working party observed in vicinity of ONTARIO FARM. Dispersed by our M.G. fire.

11.45 pm. Listening Post at U-1-A-8-4 bombed. ONE OR. slightly wounded. Our post replied and enemy driven off. 10.30 pm Signalling by Lamp from direction of MESSINES was observed. Signallers watched this from 10-40 pm – to – 12-40 am but nothing intelligible could be made of it.- Location of light – Building on right of  INSTITUTION MESSINES.

4.30pm  Evening Situation – Rifle fire quiet – Enemy artillery dropped a few small shells rear of T.C1. No damage done. NORTH WEST WIND Raining.                                                  BL

Sat., Feb 19, 1916           McBRIDE MANSIONS  T.6.C. ½ -1, BELGIUM.

5 am.  Morning Situation – Normal – Rifle fire quiet – Enemy artillery put over T.C.2. a few shells -  no damage done  - WIND WEST. No casualties.

9 am.  Intelligence Report – Enemy rifle fire very quiet – no sniping – Between 12-05 and

12-30 am. Enemy artillery sent a few percussion shells (3.3 and 4.5) over T.C2. majority of which failed to explode. Practically no damage done. It is believed from the quantity of smoke observed that a relief took place last night. Our patrols were out during the night on several occasions, but encountered no enemy patrols. Working Parties were seen at ONTARIO FARM. They were dispersed by our Machine Gun fire -

4.30pm  Evening Situation – quiet – practically no rifle or artillery fire. WIND – WEST.

5 pm.  Operation Order No 5. received and issued. 

7.20pm.  Relief by 2nd CMR. Battn completed. Battn H.Q’s closed at McBRIDE MANSIONS

No casualties.

7.25pm  Battalion proceeded to Divisional Reserve at KORTEEPYP HUTS.

7.25pm  Battn HQs. opened up at KORTEPYP HUTS.                                                         BL

Sun., Feb 20, 1916               KORTEPYP HUTS  T.36.B.b.6, BELGIUM.

9 am.  Battalion paraded and proceeded to new Billets in METEREN area being relieved by 15th Battalion. Relief completed 9 am

                                              METEREN  X.17.A.3.1, BELGIUM.

12 noon  Battalion arrived and occupied new Billets – vacated by 15th Battn.

Battn HQs at X-17-A-3-1                                                                                                        BL

Mon., Feb 21, 1916             METEREN  X.17.A.3.1  Sheet 27., BELGIUM.

9am to 12 noon  Battn. remaining in Billets and engaging in General Clean up of Arms and Equipment.

1-5pm.  Battn. Bathing Parade – at Asylum Baths – BAILLEUL.                                         BL

Tue., Feb 22, 1916

7.15am  Physical Exercise and Setting up Drill

9-10am  Company and Platoon Drill

10-12noon  Battalion Route March

2-4pm.  Company Pay Parade.                                                                                                BL

Wed., Feb 23, 1916

7.15am  Physical Exercise and Setting up Drill

9-11am  Company and Platoon Drill

2-4pm.            “         “      “          “                                                                                        BL               

Thu., Feb 24, 1916

8am.  Battalion proceeded to HAUTE PORTE FARM at X-10-A-3-3 to witness German FLAMMENWERFER Demonstration at 9am.

2-4pm.  Company and Platoon Drill and Bayonet exercise                                                    BL

Fri., Feb 25, 1916

9.45am.  Battalion paraded in field situated at X-17-C-7-5 sheet 27 for a Brigade Inspection by the Corps-Commander Lieutenant-General E.A.H.Alderson who expressed his keen appreciation of the admirable work performed by the Brigade during their last tour in the Trenches.                                                                                                                                  BL

Sat., Feb 26, 1916                      METEREN  X-17-A-3-1, BELGIUM.

7.15am  Physical Exercise and Setting up Drill

9am to 12 noon   Battalion Route March.

2pm.  Kit Inspection and clean up of Billets.                                                                          BL 

Sun., Feb 27, 1916

         Sunday Routine in Billets.

2pm.  Divine Service on Battalion Parade ground.                                                                 BL

Mon., Feb 28, 1916

7.15am.  Physical Exercise and Setting up Drill

9am.  Rifle and Equipment Inspection by Company Commanders

10-12noon  Battalion Route March

2-4pm  Company and Platoon Drill, Musketry and Bayonet Exercise under Coy. O’sC.      BL

Tue., Feb 29, 1916

7.15am  Physical Exercise and Setting up Drill

7.30am to 12noon}  Bathing Parades at 3rd Canadian Divisional Baths at X-9-A-0-6. 

2-4pm                            Do                    Do                 Do                     Do                             BL    

 

                                                       

                                                                                                                    A.E.Shaw Lieut-Col.

                                                                                                                                                 O.C. 1st C.M.R. Battalion.


Confidential

War Diary

~  of  ~ 

1st Canadian Mounted Rifle Battalion  3rd Canadian Division

 

From 1st March to 31st March 1916

 

Volume 7

8 

                                     

 

                                            WAR DIARY

 

                           1st Canadian Mountex Rifle Bn. 3rd Cdn. Division.

 

                                          From 1st to 31st March, 1916.

 

Diary Text          8 Pages.


Wed., Mar 1, 1916                   METEREN  X17A31, FRANCE.

9.15AM   Battalion Route March.

2 to 4pm. Infantry Training                                                                                                     BL

Thu., Mar 2, 1916

9 – 12  Battalion Route March.

2 to 4pm. Infantry Training.

2.45pm  BM 551 message received to be ready to move at short notice.

2.50pm.  All companies and details warned to STAND TO

3.00 p.  GAS ALERT. received.                                                                                              BL

Fri., Mar 3, 1916

-       STAND.TO. cancelled -

9-11.30 a.m.  Company Drill. 

2 to 4pm.  Route March.                                                                                                         BL

Sat., Mar 4, 1916

7 to 11.  Physical Drill & Company Drill -

2 to 4.   Kit and equipment Inspection by O C. Companies                                                    BL

Sun., Mar 5, 1916

           Sunday Routine.

2 pm  Divine Service on Battn. Parade Ground.

           GAS ALERT Cancelled.                                                                                              BL

Mon., Mar 6, 1916

9 – 11.  Company Drill.

12 – 5pm.  Bathing Parade at Asylum Baths  Bailleul.                                                           BL

Tue., Mar 7, 1916

9 to 11am.  Company Drill.

9.30am.  Inoculation at M.O. Billet

2 to 4pm.  Battalion Route March                                                                                           BL

Wed., Mar 8, 1916

9 – 12.  Battalion Route March

2 to 4pm.  Company and Platoon Drill.

6 pm  All Cavalry coats returned to QM Stores.                                                                     BL

Thu., Mar 9, 1916

9 – 11.30AM  Battalion Route March

2.30 to 4pm} Lectures by Company Officers on Discipline Interior Economy & care of arms

Fri., Mar 10, 1916

9 to 12.  Battalion Route March

2 to 4pm.  Company and Platoon Drill                                                                                   BL

                                                                                                                                                                                                 

Sat., Mar 11, 1916         METEREN  X17 A.3.1 Sheet 27, FRANCE.

9.15 to 12noon.  Battalion Route March

2 to 4pm.  Company &Platoon Drill                                                                                 

Sun., Mar 12, 1916

11A.M.  Divine Service on Battn. Parade Ground                                                                  BL

Mon., Mar 13, 1916

9 to 12   Battalion Route March

2 to 4pm  Company &Platoon Drill                                                                                        BL                  

Tue., Mar 14, 1916

9 to 12   Battalion Route March

2 to 4pm  Company &Platoon Drill                                                                                        BL                  

Wed., Mar 15, 1916

9 to 11.30.am  General clean up & overhaul of arms & equipment – disposition of Gas helmets Iron Rations etc                                                                                                          

1.30 pm  Battalion Route March                                                                                             BL

Thu., Mar 16, 1916 

7.30 to 11.AM  Bathing Parade at 3rd DIVNL Baths ‘A’.‘B’&’C’ Coys                                 BL

9 to 12noon  ‘D’ Coy engaged in Company &platoon drill                                                                                        

Skin & Leather coats turned in to Q.M Stores

2 p.m.  Muster Parade

Fri., Mar 17, 1916

7.30 to 10 AM.  Bathing Parade at 3rd DIVNL BATHS. ‘D’ Coy and Battn Staff                     BL 

9 to 12 noon  A.B.& C Coys Company &Platoon Drill                                                                                        

Spare blankets collected by Transport and delivered to Battn Dump Cross Rds X.7 C.1.3

2.30 to 3.30 pm  Battalion Route March

8th Can Inf. Bde Operation Order No 7 Received

Sat., Mar 18, 1916               Camp “A” G 11. Sheet 28., BELGIUM.

6.50 AM  Battalion Paraded in Full Marching Order and followed by Transport proceeded via BAILEUL., LOCRE. M 17 C. Central. ZEVECOTEN G35.C – OUDERDOM to Camp “A” (G11) arriving there at 12 Noon relieving 13th Middlesex BN, 73rd Brigade.

1 p.m  8th Can Inf. Bde Operation Order No 8 Received. CASUALTIES. 1 Officer Killed on Visit to Trenches. [Lieutenant Geoffrey Austin Joseph GRAVES. Killed in action at Hell Fire Corner]                                                                                                                                                               BL

Sun., Mar 19, 1916 

2 p.m.  Operation Order No 8 issued. CASUALTIES. 2 O.R. injured at miniature range at CAMP. “A”

7 p.m.  Battn proceeded by train to ASYLUM. YPRES to relieve 1st Battn N Staffs Regt in the HOOGE Sector. ‘A’ Company in T.C 3 & 4 & Stable Retrenchment  ‘C’ Coy in T.C 5,6, & 7. CULVERT & R.S. 3 & 4. B Coy at HALF WAY HOUSE & R.S 8.  D Coy at  ZILLEBEKE. Battn H.QRs at HALFWAY HOUSE. Relief completed at 1.30 AM. 20th March.                              BL

Mon., Mar 20, 1916   HOOGE L. Sector HALF-WAY HOUSE I.17.C 3.5  BELGIUM.

5 A.M. Morning situation quiet. Wind slight S.E

11 30 AM Wind S.W light.

    “       8th Can.Inf.Bde Operation Order No9 received

4 pm.    Intelligence Report. Enemy very quiet, little or no rifle or m.g fire. Two patrols proceeded from Post 8 in both directions reported everything satisfactory. Enemy sent up one Red flare opposite T.C 5 at 7p.m. Few shells dropped in rear of Batt. HQrs. no damage was done. Our snipers succeeded in killing two of the enemy snipers.

4.30 p.m Situation front line and supports quiet. Wind. East light.                                        BL

Tue., Mar 21, 1916

3.30 A.M  Situation normal. Wind South East mild.

10. A M.  Enemy quiet, little sniping. Artillery somewhat active no damage done. Enemy’s M.G.s played on from MENIN ROAD during night. Small bombing attack at 10.50 pm was made on our advanced trench in front of STABLE RETRENCHMENT. Vigourously  replied to by our Grenadiers who completely silenced the enemy, who did not retaliate. T.C.4 reporting enemy working on sap opposite .T.C.4  Enemy air-craft very active.

10 30.  Wind South by South West.

4 p.m   Situation unchanged. Wind mild. South West, raining.

5 p.m.  Instuctions issued to B & D Companies to relieve A & C Companies in FRONT LINE.

6.30p.m  B. Company proceeded to relieve A Company in T.C.3 & 4 and STABLE RETRENCHMENT. and ‘A’ coywhen relieved took over ‘B’ companies position at R.S 8 and HALF WAY HOUSE.

7 p.m  ‘D’ Company proceeded to relieve ‘C’ Coy in T.C.5 6 & 7 CULVERT and RS3&4. &

& ‘C’ Coy when relieved took over ‘D’ Coys. position at ZILLEBEKE DUGOUTS.                BL

Wed., Mar 22, 1916       HALF-WAY HOUSE I 17 C 3-5  BELGIUM.

2.20 AM  RELIEF. completed.                                                                                                  BL

3.30 AM. SITUATION normal, wind, mild SOUTH WEST.

10. AM   INTELLIGENCE, Enemy artillery fairly active. Practically no rifle fire Enemy’s M.G.kept up intermittent fire till 3 A.M principally on Front Line & MENIN RD. Our M.Gs dispersed enemy working party opposite T.C 3. Our snipers report killing two and wounding one of the enemy’s snipers. Patrol proceeded within seven yards of STABLE opposite T.C.4, where suspected SAP was reported remaining there about two and half hours, and reported no noises of digging or picking. Weather cold with rain and misty.

10:30AM  WIND light NORTH. CASUALTIES. NIL      .

4. P.M.  SITUATION quiet. wind NORTH.

7 P.M  Working party ‘A’ Coy 50 men at CULVERT to report to SEC III N.C.O.

8 P.M. Carrying party ‘C’ Coy 30 men at GORDON HOUSE to report to Lieut French.

8 30p.m.  Carrying party 30 men ‘C’ Coy at RATION DUMP to carry material FRONT LINE

10.p.m.  Operation Order NO 10. Received

11.P.M.  O.O. No 10 issued to companies                                                                              BL

Thu., Mar 23, 1916

3.30A.M}  SITUATION unchanged. WIND light NORTH EAST

10 AM.  INTELLIGENCE. Enemy quiet. Enemy artillery fairly active. Intermittent M G.fire during night. Rifle fire slightly heavier than usual. Patrol reported enemy working behind STABLE short time during night. O.C. T.C.5.6.&7 reported that between 11 p.m. 22nd and 1.30 A.M. a tunic & papers were taken from German Grenadier killed on night 22nd . A Rifle and two bombs were also secured. These articles were forwarded to 8th Can. Inf  Bde  Weather cold and cloudy

10.30  WIND slight NORTH EAST.

11.30  CASUALTIES. 1.O.R Killed. 1.O.R Wounded.

4. P.M  SITUATION. Normal WIND NORTH WEST

7 P.M. Relief commenced by 2nd C.M.R. Battn. B & D Coy proceeding from FRONT LINE trenches to BELGIUM CHATEAU. A Coy & BATTN HQrs from HALF WAY HOUSE to ZILLEBEKE DUG-OUTS.                                                                                                            

Fri., Mar 24, 1916        ZILLEBEKE DUG-OUTS 1.15 CENTRAL

1 A.M.  Relief completed by 2nd CMR Battn at 1 AM.                                                           BL

11.30A.M.  CASUALTIES. NIL      

6.45P.M.  Working Party 100 men at GORDON HOUSE work on R.S 3

7.p.m.                       do       90 men                      do             do     R S 4

                                          10     “                       do             do      R S 4

7.15 pm                    do       40    “       HELLFIRE CORNER Report to 177th Tunneling Coy

7 30   “   Guard 10 O.RS  placed on Tram Lines from KRUISSTRAAT to GORDON HOUSE

10.45 “   Working party 50 men to report at CULVERT

11.00 “                  do      50     “          do  at GORDON HOUSE for work on REGENT ST.       BL

Sat., Mar 25, 1916

11.30.A.M.  CASUALTIES NIL      

6.45 pm  Working Party 50 men at  GORDON HOUSE to reclaim R.S. 3

   7 pm                   do      50         do               do                 do      R S  4

7.15 “                    do      80         do  HELLFIRE CORNER to 177th Tunneling Coy.

7.30 “          “        do      50         do  GORDON HOUSE carrying

8 P.M:                   do      20         do                 do             do

7.30PM                 do      10         do                 do         unloading

10.45 pm               do      50         do  CULVERT to SEC III N.C.O.                                         BL

Sun., Mar 26, 1916

8 A.M                    do      20 men Report to Pioneers work at ZILLEBEKE

11.30 AM  CASUALTIES NIL      

7.15 P.M.  Working Party 40 men report HELL FIRE CORNER to 177th Tunneling Coy

7.30PM                 do         50         do      GORDON HOUSE Sec III N.C.O.                                        

10.45 pm               do         50         do      CULVERT Sec III N.C.O.                                        

11 30 PM              do       100         do      GORDON HOUSE Sec I  N.C.O. work on R S 3

11.45 P.M             do       100         do                     do         work on R.S 4                            BL

Mon., Mar 27, 1916         ZILLEBEKE DUG OUTS 1 15 CENTRAL

11.30 AM   CASUALTIES NIL      

11.35A.M.  Operation Orders NO 12 Received            

11.50 AM   Operation Orders NO 12 issued                                                                            BL

6.30 P.M    ‘B’Coy proceeded from BELGIAN CHATEAU to relieve Coy 2nd CMR BN at HALF WAY HOUSE and R.S.8.  D Coy proceeded from BELGIAN CHATEAU to relieve coy 2nd CMR BN at ZILLEBEKE DUG-OUTS.                                                                                                           

7 pm  A. Coy proceeded from ZILLEBEKE DUG-OUTS to relieve Coy 2nd CMR BN in TC 3&4 and STABLE ENTRENCHMENT. ‘C’ Coy proceeded from ZILLEBEKE to relieve Coy 2nd CMR BN in TC5.6 & 7 CULVERT & R5 3&4

BATTN HQRs moved to HALF WAY HOUSE

10.40 P.M  Relief complete. NO CASUALTIES.                                                                  BL

Tue., Mar 28, 1916         HALF WAY HOUSE  I 17 C 3 5,   BELGIUM.

3 30AM  SITUATION normal with some rifle fire. WIND SOUTH.

10 A.M.  INTELLIGENCE. Enemy’s M Gs kept up intermittent fire on MENIN Rd enemy snipers active. 2 officers & one NCO left CULVERT at 2 AM and patrolled ground between LP [Listening Post] at H 11 through Y WOOD to trenches occupied by Guards Brigade on our LEFT  This gap is at least 400 yards long. There is practically no wire. New LP established in front of Trenches C 5 to C 7. Indications point to enemy have effected relief last night        BL

10.30.AM  WIND REPORT. Strong SOUTH

11 30am   CASUALTIES Wounded 3.ORs

4 P.M  SITUATION. Quiet WIND fresh SOUTH

7.30pm  Working Parties 40 men HELL FIRE CORNER Report to 177th Tunneling Coy

7.15  “   10 men GORDON HOUSE report Section I  N.C.O

8 pm      20   “                   do          do     Lieut French

6 pm      20   “    ZILLEBEKE DAM Carrying party pioneers

8 p.m     25   “    GORDON HOUSE planting trees  at HALFWAY HOUSE                                  BL

Wed., Mar 29, 1916      HALFWAY HOUSE  I 17.C 3.5,   BELGIUM.

3.30AM  SITUATION Normal WIND. NORTH EAST.                                                                

10 AM   INTELLIGENCE. Enemy artillery active. M G Fire on MENIN ROAD caused casualty to one of our working party. Suspected MG emplacement reported in enemy trench opposite extreme RIGHT of C 3. Wire is practically NIL in front of  C3&4                                          BL

10.30 AM  WIND. WEST.

11.30 AM  CASUALTY Killed. 1.OR

4 PM.  SITUATION. Quiet WIND WEST

7 PM   B Coy proceeded to relieve A Coy in T.C 3&4 & STABLE RETRENCHMENT.

               A Coy taking over ‘B’ Coy position in support at HALFWAY HOUSE & R.S.8  

            D Coy proceeded to relieve C Coy in T.C 5 6 & 7 CULVERT & R S 3&4. C Coy       taking over D Coys position in support at ZILLEBEKE DUG OUTS.

9.10p.m  Relief completed. No Casualties.                                                                             BL

Thu., Mar 30, 1916       HALFWAY HOUSE  I 17.C 3.5,   BELGIUM.

3.30AM  SITUATION quiet WIND WEST.

10.A.M   INTELLIGENCE. Enemy artillery quiet. Enemy’s M.G’s active, practically no rifle fire. One of our snipers posted in T.C 3 was reported as having killed and wounding several of the enemy, without his post being detected. No enemy patrols encountered and wiring party mended considerable portion of wire. Enemy aircraft active, but were driven off this sector by our guns.

10.30AM  WIND SOUTH & slightly WEST

4 p.m   SITUATION unchanged. WIND SOUTH WEST

7.45 p.m  Owing to excessive shelling of supports & Frontline of Guards Brigade immediately on our left, & in accordance with Brigade instructions ‘C’ Coy proceeded from ZILLEBEKE to take up position in R.S 3&4 with HQrs at CULVERT

9.50P.M  Stand To order issued to A Coy with instructions to reinforce B Coy in T.C 3&4

on order MOIE  being issued. CASUALTIES KILLED 1 OR WOUNDED 1 O.R                BL

Fri., Mar 31, 1916          HALFWAY HOUSE  I 17.C 3.5,   BELGIUM.

4. A.M  SITUATION REPORT. Enemy artillery very active. Enemy seem nervous. WIND – SOUTH WEST by WEST.  

5 A.M.  Stand Down given  ‘C’ Coy returning to quarters at ZILLEBEKE

10.AM  INTELLIGENCE Enemy artillery exceedingly active. M.G.s kept up intermittent fire all night. Enemy snipers alert and less active. As enemy patrols were encountered in front of Trenches our patrols kept up connection with 1st Coldstream Guards on our Left. The Enemy are alert, but seemingly nervous apparently a relief took place night of 30 – 31st. Enemy aircraft fairly active during morning                                                                                        BL

10 30AM  WIND light SOUTH EAST

11.30  CASUALTIES KILLED 2 O.R.s.  WOUNDED 3 O.Rs               

3pm   Operation order NO 13 received

4pm   Operation order NO 13 issued

4 P.M. SITUATION quiet. WIND light WESTERLY.

7 30 P.M  B&D Coys being relieved by 2 Coys of 2nd CMR Battn proceeded on completion of relief to quarters at BELGIAN CHATEAU. “C” Coy moved to fresh quarters in ZILLEBEKE DUG OUTS relieved by Coy 2nd CMR Battn. “A.” Coy on being relieved by Coy of 2nd CMR Battn proceeded to ZILLEBEKE DUGOUT  Battn established at ZILLEBEKE DUG OUTS.

10.45pm  Relief completed – CASUALTIES WOUNDED 1 Officer [Major Walter Edward Maxfield] & 3 O.Rs                                      

10.45 – midnight Battn HQrs A & C Coys at ZILLEBEKE DUG-OUTS} Brigade Reserve

                                               B & D Coys at BELGIAN CHATEAU}                                 BL

                                                                                                    B.Laws       Captain

         

                                                                             Adjutant 1st CMR Battalion for O.C.

31.3.16


War Diary of

1 Canadian Mount st ed Rifle Battalion, 3rd Canadian Division

from 1st April to 30th April 1916

Volume 8

Sat., Apr 01, 1916      ZILLEBEKE DUGOUTS I.15.central

10am Gas Alert.

6pm Working party  20 men at ZILLEBEKE BEND.

7-15pm      Do           50 men for work on R.5.3 reported to No.1 Section CE

     “            Do           1 NCO & 10 men as unloading party for Section 1 CE

7.30pm       Do           50 men for work on R.5.4 reported to No. 1 Section CE

9pm            Do           50 men   “      “    “  REGENT STY.    Do        Do

CASUALTIES – NIL.

Sun., Apr 02, 1916     ZILLEBEKE DUGOUTS I.15.central

8am  Working party 1 NCO and 20 men on ZILLEBEKE BEND dugouts.

7.15pm       Do          50 men for work on R.5.4 reporte dto Section 1 CE

    “             Do          10 men as unloading party.

    “             Do          50 men for work on R.5.3 reported to Section 1 CE

7.45pm       Do          40 men as carrying party to 177th Tunnel Coy.

8pm            Do          20 men as carriers for wiring party

   “              Do          30 men for work on GORDON ROAD reported to Section 3 CE

9pm            Do          30 men GORDON HOUSE for unloading and planting trees.

   “              Do          30 men for work HOOGE reported to Section 3 CE

10.30pm     Do          40 men for work REGENT ST. reported to Section 1 CE

CASUALTIES – NIL. GAS ALERT cancelled.

Mon., Apr 03, 1916     ZILLEBEKE DUGOUTS I.15.central

8am Working party 1 NCO 210 men on ZILLEBEKE Dugouts.

7.30pm      Do          20 men as carrying party & reported to GORDON HOUSE

7.45pm      Do          40 men as carrying party for 177th Tunnel Coy.

8pm Working party 50 men for working GORDON ROAD reported to Section 3 CE

9pm           Do          50 men         “        HOOGE                      Do              Do

10pm         Do          50 men   “      “        REGENT ST.             Do         Section 1 CE

8pm           Do          20 men as carrying party to Brigade Wiring Coy.

5.20pm  Operation Orders No.14 received CASUALTIES – NIL

6pm  Operation orders No.14 issued to Companies

Tue., Apr 04, 1916      ZILLEBEKE DUGOUTS I-15-CENTRAL

1pm Enemy’s artillery shelled ZILLEBEKE dugouts intermittently through

the afternoon & no damage done - 1 OR slightly wounded

8pm In accordance with O.O.#14 issued April 2nd relief of A & C Coys 1st

CMR Battalion by 42nd Battalion commenced.

B & D Coy’s remaining at BELGIAN CHATEAU.

A and C Coy’s proceeded to Camp F via ROULERS RAILWAY – I.13.b.0.7

H.21.b.9.9 H.26.a.4.9 to H.10.b.4.6 (CAMP F)

11pm Relief completed 0 re casualties

Battalion Headquarters at Camp F  H.19.b.11.6

Wed., Apr 05, 1916      CAMP F  H.19.b.4.6

9-9.30am Physical Exercises under Coy NCO’s

10am Inspection of Rifles equipment and kit

2-3pm Route march by Companies.

7pm Relief of B & D Coys by 49th Battn Commenced, B & D Coys

proceeding to Camp F via H.21.b.9.9., H.26.a.4.9., to H.19.b.4.6.

10.30pm Relief completed – no casualties.

Thu., Apr 06, 1916      CAMP F  H.19.b.4.6, BELGIUM

9-9.30am  Physical Drill under Coy NCO’s

10am  Inspection of Iron[?] rations

Fri., Apr 07, 1916       CAMP F H.19.b.4.6, BELGIUM

9-9.30am  Physical Drill under Coy NCO’s

10-11am  Rifle exercise and Bayonet fighting

1-6pm  Bathing Parade at No.1 Bath convent POPERINGHE.

6.10pm  GAS ALERT received.

8pm  49 OR reinforcements and 4 casuals arrived from Base for this Battalion

Sat., Apr 08, 1916      CAMP F H.19.b.4.6, BELGIUM

9-9.30am Physical Drill under Coy NCOs

10-11am Musketry Drill also Bayonet fighting

2pm Sports

5.15pm Working party I O[fficer], 125 OR for work under 6th Field Coy CE.

6pm Having been attached for Duty to 2nd Army Troops CE, 12 OR

proceeded to report to Capt. G. H. SHAWS of that unit.

Sun., Apr 09, 1916      CAMP F H.19.b.4.6, BELGIUM

Sunday Routine in Camp.

Lieut F. A. NEY reported for Duty as Battn. M.Gun Officer

GAS ALERT cancelled.

Honours and awards the following messages received from

Brigade H. G. 22 def 8/4/16

Distinguished Conduct medal awarded to 108122 Pte. Bulger J.

Please convey congratulations of Army Corps Divisional – aw

Brigade commanders to Pte. Bulger

CASUALTY – 1 OR wounded.

Mon., Apr 10, 1916      CAMP F H.19.b.4.6, BELGIUM

7-9.30am Physical Drill under Coy NCOs

9.45 – Musketry and Bayonet fighting

10.45 – 11.30 Platoon Drill

2-4pm Fire discipline and Fire Control in open order.

6,30pm Working Party, 1 O, 120 OR for work under 6th Field Coy CE.

1 O[fficer], 31 OR of Battn. MGun section reported to Brigade Hqrs. this

A.M. to form Brigade Machine Gun Coy.

Tue., Apr 11, 1916       CAMP F H.19.b.4.6, BELGIUM

9-9.30am Physical Drill under Coy NCOs

9.45 “ Practice in Fire Discipline and Fire Control in open order.

6.30pm Working Party 50 OR reported to ASYLUM for burying cable.

5.40pm Operation Order No.15 received

Wed., Apr 12, 1916      CAMP F H.19.b.4.6, BELGIUM

9-9.30am Physical Drill under coy NCOs

2.30-5 Bathing Parades at No.1 Bath the Convent POPERINGHE

6pm In accordance with O.O.15 the M.Gun Section of 1st CMR Battalion

proceeded to relieve M.Gun section of 58th Battn.

O.O. No.15 issued to Companies.

Thu., Apr 13, 1916       CAMP F H.19.b.4.6, BELGIUM

9-12noon General clean up of Camp in preparation for MOVE.

8pm The 1st CMR Battalion proceeded to relieve the 50th Can. Inf. Battn. in

the LEFT SUB SECTOR of Brigade frontage

A Coy occupying trenches 58, 59, and 15 bays in T.60[?]

C Coy                             61, 62, and 20         T.60[?]

B Coy in Support of A Coy occupying BYDAND AVENUE, SACKVILLE ST.

and CUMBERLAND Dugouts.

D Coy in Support of C Coy occupying WARRINGTON AVENUE and

STRONG POINT

Battalion Headquarters at VIGO STREET

The Battalion moved off at 8pm by companies at intervals of 15 mins.

route being via H.14.b.3.8., KRUISTRAAT, I.20.a.central, II.21.a.central[?]

where guides were met

6 OR munition workers reported for Duty from La Havre.

Fri., Apr 14, 1916      VIGO STREET, BELGIUM

2.30am Relief completed CASUALTY 1 OR slightly wounded.

Battatlion Hqrs at VIGO ST.

4.AM. Morning situation – Quiet ... [illegible]

10.AM. INTELLIGENCE REPORT. No artillery, heavy[?] Machine Gun fire

and a small amount of enemy rifle fire. One scout put … [illegible]

12.30PM CASUALTY – 1 OR killed by sniper

4pm Evening Situation – Normal. Wind – N.West

8pm Working party … [illegible]

Sat., Apr 15, 1916     VIGO ST. I.24.d.o.8. , BELGIUM

4AM. Morning situation – Normal … [illegible]

10AM INTELLIGENCE REPORT … [illegible]

1.30pm Working party. 10 OR for work on dugouts on VIGO ST.

4pm Evening Situation – Quiet Wind – West N. West

6pm Working Party – 20 OR … [illegible]

Sun., Apr 16, 1916     VIGO ST. I.24.d.o.8. , BELGIUM

12.15am CASUALTY – 1 OR killed when on Front Line in T.b.o[?]

4am Morning Situation – Unchanged., Wind – Light N. West

CASUALTY 1 OR wounded at CUMBERLAND DUGOUTS.

10am INTELLIGENCE REPORT. Enemy … [illegible]

4pm Evening Situation. Quiet. Wind light westerly.

8pm Working party 20 OR at VIGO ST. for work with 7th Field Coy C.E.

Work on Front line trench continued as previous night.

Lieut G. M. Paton reported for duty with 1st CMR Battn.

Mon., Apr 17, 1916      VIGO ST. I.24.d.o.8. , BELGIUM

4am Morning Situation – Quiet. Wind – WEST.

10am INTELLIGENCE REPORT. Enemy artillery fired about 6 5.9 shells

in direction of CUMBERLAND DUGOUTS. No damage resulting.

M.Gun and Rifle fire and sniping active. Our M.Gun fire dispersed an

enemy working party at 9.30pm. The enemy fired about 3 Rifle Grenades

over our trench in the vicinity of the LOOP. No damage. Our patrols were

out during night encountering none of the enemy. Enemy attitude – Quiet

but alert. About 6pm on 16th 3 enemy planes flew over our line at a low

altitude. Our M.Guns opened fire on them and forced them to accend.

Sounds of sapping were heard at T.13.c.5.1. This was reported to the

Engineers. 5.30pm our sentries reported 2 … [illegible] …from direction of

… [illegible]

4pm Evening Situation – unchanged. Wind … [illegible]

6pm B & D Coy … [illegible]

B Coy. … [illegible]

D Coy. … [illegible]

A Coy. … [illegible]

C Coy. … [illegible]

8pm Relief completed. No casualties.

Tue., Apr 18, 1916      VIGO ST. I.24.d.o.8. , BELGIUM

4am Morning Situation – Normal. Wind – … [illegible]

10am INTELLIGENCE REPORT. … [illegible]

4pm … [illegible]

8am … [illegible]

1.30pm … [illegible]

8pm … [illegible]

10.15pm CASUALTIES. Killed 1 OR, wounded 2 OR (1 casualty at duty)

Wed., Apr 19, 1916      VIGO STREET I.24.d.o.8, BELGIUM

4am Morning Situation – unchanged. Wind SOUTHWEST – changing at

10am Wind - west & north-west.

10am INTELLIGENCE REPORT. Enemy artillery … [illegible]

4pm Evening situation – Quiet. Wind SOUTHWEST.

8am Working party 2 NCO’s 8 OR on VIGO ST. Dugouts.

1.30pm      Do          2 NCO’s 8 OR Do

8pm           Do          1 NCO 20 OR on VIGO ST. with 7th Field Coy C.E.

Work on Front line Trenches cont’d.

10pm Operation order No.16 received.

Thu., Apr 20, 1916      VIGO ST. I.24.d.o.8. , BELGIUM

4am Morning situation – Normal. Wind - south west.

8am Working Party 2 NCO’s 8 OR on VIGO ST Dugouts.

10am INTELLIGENCE REPORT. Enemy artillery fired about 20 rounds

7.7cm vicinity CUMBERLAND DUGOUTS … [illegible]

1.30pm Working Party. 2 NCOs & 8 ORs on VIGO ST. Dugouts.

4pm Evening situation – Quiet. Wind – south west.

8pm Working party 1 NCO & 20 OR on VIGO ST. with 7th Field Coy. C.E.

Work on Front line Trenches continued.

Fri., Apr 21, 1916      VIGO ST. I.24.d.o.8. , BELGIUM

4am Morning Situation – Quiet. Wind – SOUTH WEST

8am Working Party 2 NCOs & 8 ORs on VIGO St. Dugouts.

10am INTELLIGENCE REPORT. No artillery fire. A few Rifle Grenades

sent over by Enemy. No damage done. Machine Guns of Enemy very

active … [illegible]

11am CASUALTY 1 OR wounded

4pm Evening Situation – unchanged. Wind – south west.

10pm In accordance with O.O.16 relief of 1st CMR Battalion by 2nd CMR

Battalion commenced, the Battalion moving by Companies to Camp F via

BORDER LANE, DORMY HOUSE … [illegible]

Sat., Apr 22, 1916      Camp F H.19.b.4.6. , BELGIUM

1am Relief completed. CASUALTIES - 1 OR wounded.

Battalion Headquarters established at Camp F.

6.30am Working Party 1 O[fficer], 150 OR for work at MAPLE COPSE.

Sun., Apr 23, 1916      CAMP F H.19.b.4.6. , BELGIUM

Sunday Routine in Camp.

Lieut-Col A. G. Vincent returned to England after completing course of

instruction.

11am Church Parade at … [illegible]

8pm Lieut. ... [illegible]

Mon., Apr 24, 1916      CAMP F H.19.b.4.6. , BELGIUM

8am 1 O[fficer] 11 OR … [illegible]

9am Inspection of ... [illegible]

6pm ... [illegible]

7-10pm STAND TO cancelled.

Tue., Apr 25, 1916      CAMP F H.19.b.4.6. , BELGIUM

9-9.30am Physical Drill under Coy NCO’s

Pay parades … [illegible]

6.30pm Working party … [illegible]

6.40pm           Do          … [illegible]

Wed., Apr 26, 1916      CAMP F H.19.b.4.6. , BELGIUM

9-9.30am Physical Drill under Coy NCO’s

... [illegible] ...

6pm STAND TO ORDER RECEIVED

6-7pm Preparation in order to … [illegible]

8.30pm Order received for 2 … [illegible]

9pm “A” & “B” Coys proceeded to … [illegible]

Thur., Apr 27, 1916      CAMP F H.19.b.4.6. , BELGIUM

4am A & B Coy … [illegible] … Camp F.

9-9.30am Rifle inspection by O.C. Companies

9.15-9.45am Physical Drill and … [illegible]

9.30-10.30 An Officer Instructor … [illegible]

10-11am Bayonet exercise

10am Camp Inspection Officer Commanding

6.30pm Working Party 1 O[fficer] 150 ORs

6.30pm          Do           1 O[fficer] 50 OR … [illegible]

Lieut Col G. C. Hodson … [illegible]

Fri., Apr 28, 1916      CAMP F H.19.b.4.6. , BELGIUM

9-9.15am Rifle Inspection by O.C. Companies.

9.15-9.45 Physical ... [illegible]

9.30-10.30 Officer … [illegible]

10am Inspection of Camp by Officer Commanding.

10-11am Bayonet exercise.

7.30am Bathing Parade at #2 Bath 5th Labour Battn Camp.

6.15pm

7.15pm Working party 1 O[fficer] … [illegible]

Sat., Apr 29, 1916      CAMP F H.19.b.4.6. , BELGIUM

9-9.15am Rifle inspection by C. S. C.[?] Companies

9.15-9.45 Physical Exercise under Coy NCO’s.

9.30-10.30 Officer … [illegible]

10am Inspection of Camp by Officer Commanding.

All reinforcement practised in use of Gas Helmets.

10-11am Bayonet exercise

7.45pm Working Party … [illegible]

Sun., Apr 30, 1916      CAMP F H.19.b.4.6. , BELGIUM

,,, [illegible] ...

7.30am … [illegible]

10am … [illegible]

6.30pm Working party 3 O[fficers] 250 OR for laying[?] of cable.

A. E. Shaw, Lt. Col.

O. C. 1st CMR Bn.

 

Mon., May 1, 1916   

Original War Diary Not Received.

Taken from Triplicate in Lieu of Diary Destroyed

1st C. M. R. Battalion for May, 1916

Vol. 9

CAMP F H.19.b.4.6., BELGIUM

April 29/30 the 8th Canadian Infantry Brigade were relieved in the right

sector (Sanctuary Wood) by the 7th Canadian Infantry Brigade.

The 1st C.M.R. Battalion was relieved by the 89th Can. Infantry Battalion in

the left sub sector. The Battalion left by a march route to “F” Camp. The

Battalion remained in “F” Camp until 6th May. During the period the

Battalion was in “F” Camp, Company Drill, Platoon Drill, Bayonet Fighting

and Physical Training was carried out in the forenoons. The afternoons

were devoted to Sports. The Battalion supplied working parties of about

399[?] all ranks every night. These parties were employed in laying buried

cable from Zillebeke Bund forward, and in cleaning and revetting the

Trenches in the Hooge sector.

Sat., May 6, 1916/ Sun., May 7, 1916   HALFWAY HOUSE/ZILLEBEKE BUND

On the night of May 6/7 the 1st C.M.R. Batt. relieved the 52nd Can. Infantry

Battalion in the left sub sector of left sector (Hooge). The Battalion

marched from “F” Camp to the Railway Crossing near Flemertinghe,

thence by train to Ypres Asylum. The Battalion detrained at the Asylum

and marched through the town in small parties. The town was heavily

shelled that night by the enemy. Our casualties were approximately 15

N.C.O.s and other ranks, and were all inflicted close to Hellfire Corner.

No.2 Platoon “A” Company had most of the casualties. The Battalion held

a two Company frontage – “A” Company on the right, “C” Company in the

posts on the left. “B” Company were in dug-outs in Halfway House and “D”

Company in Zillebeke Bund. During the tour all available men were

occupied in cleaning and revetting trenches. On the night May 10/11 inter

Company reliefs were carried out. “B” Company relieved “A” Company,

and “D” Company relieved “C” Company. The casualties during this tour

were approximately 55.

Sun., May 14, 1916/ Mon., May 15, 1916   ZILLEBEKE BUND/

BELGIAN CHATEAU, BELGIUM

On the night May 14/15 the Battalion was relieved by the 2nd C.M.R.

Battalion. “A” and “B” Companies moved into dug-outs at Zillebeke Bund.

“C” and “D” Companies and “Headquarters” Details moved to Belgian

Chateau. One platoon of “A” Company occupied strong posts between

Zillebeke Bund and Gordon Farm. The Battalion supplied working parties

of approximately of 120 of all ranks of a Company every night. “A” and “B”

Companies worked in the Hooge sector, and “C” and “D” Companies in the

Sanctuary Wood sector. They were chiefly employed in cleaning out

Trenches in Regent Street, Grafton Street and R. S. Trenches. Large

parties were also engaged in laying buried cable.

Mon., May 22, 1916/ Tue., May 23, 1916   “C” CAMP

On the night May 22/23, the 1 st C.M.R. Battalion was relieved by the Royal

Canadian Regiment and moved by march route to “C” Camp.

During the stay in “C” Camp, “Smartening-up” Drill was carried out in the

forenoons under the Platoon Officers, and the afternoons devoted to

Sports. Large working parties were supplied laying buried cable and

carrying material from Gordon Farm forward. Parties were conveyed from

“C” Camp to the Asylum in motor busses and G. S. wagons.

Wed., May 31, 1916/ Tue., May 23, 1916   SANCTUARY WOOD, BELGIUM

On the night May 31st/June 1st, the 1st C.M.R. Battalion relieved the 58th

Can. Infantry Battalion in thr right [left] sector (Sanctuary Wood). The

Battalion moved from “C” Camp to the trenches by a march route.

 

War Diary of

1 Canadian Mount st ed Rifle Battalion - 3rd Canadian Division

from 1st June to 30th June 1916

Volume 10

Thu., Jun 1, 1916      In the Field  SANCTUARY WOOD, BELGIUM

Battn. occupying T.54 to 60 inclusive. No further information at hand as all

Orderly Room Records were destroyed.

Fri., Jun 2, 1916        In the Field  SANCTUARY WOOD, BELGIUM

Battn. occupying T.54 to 60.

8.30AM The Enemy commenced heavy bombardment which lasted until

1.15pm.

1.15PM Lt. Col. A. E. Shaw - killed at Battn H.Qrs during a determined

stand made by him and about 80 others of the Battn. against Enemy’s

Troops who had succeeded in piercing our line to right of T.52 occupied by

4th C.M.R. Battn. the Company of this Battn occupying the trenches on our

right being completely destroyed by being blown up by one of Enemy’s

Mines. After Col. Shaw was killed, Major Palmer took Command and

defended the position at VIGO ST. at Battn HQrs until there was only two

Officers and eight other ranks remaining alive and unwounded. The

Enemy having bombed the survivors to one end of the trench and having

no ammunition or bombs to reply to the Enemy’s fire, he gave orders for

remainder to get out if they could and retire to S.P.14 and hold on there.

As far as it is known only one Officer, Lieut. F. A. Ney and about four or five

others were the only ones who arrived at this point which they found

occupied by Lieut. A. V. Evans and a few men with Colt Machine Gun.

This position was held by them until relieved and has since remained in our

possession. Out of 21 Officers and 671 other Ranks who went in to

trenches during this tour, 5 Officers are reported as killed, 5 wounded and

10 missing. Other Ranks, total casualties 536, 135 returning.

Sat., Jun 3, 1916      In the Field   ZILLEBEKE, BELGIUM

AM. & P.M. Lieut. C. D. Livingstone and B.K. Thomson having just

returned from Leave proceeded to ZILLEBEKE and brought

the survivors to Camp “A”.

Sun., Jun 4, 1916      In the Field   ZILLEBEKE, BELGIUM

A.M. Capt. and Adjt. B. Laws returned from Leave and being Senior

Officer left assumed command of the Battalion in the absence of the

2nd in Command, Major R. C. Andros on Leave.

P.M. Received a request from Brigade HQrs for number and rank of

Officers required to bring Battn. up to Establishment, 15 Officers of

rank of Lieut were asked for.

Mon., Jun 5, 1916      In the Field   ZILLEBEKE, BELGIUM

AM & P.M. Received instructions from 8th Can. Inf. Bgde. H.Qrs. to have

everything in readiness to move back to STEENVOORDE, to

Rest Billets, for reorganization. Lieut. Thomson with four other

ranks detailed as Advance Party to take over Billets.

Tue., Jun 6, 1916       In the Field   STEENVOORDE, BELGIUM

10.A.M. Battn. paraded at 10.AM and marched to G.5.d.10.2. where they

were picked up by lorries and conveyed to STEENVOORDE.

P.M. Billets allotted and men settled in.

Wed., Jun 7, 1916      In the Field   STEENVOORDE, BELGIUM

AM Major R. C. Andros reported back from Leave this AM and took over

Command. Men resting and cleaning up and arranging for shortages

of kit and equipment.

P.M. Preparing of Casualty Lists commenced. Muster Parade also held.

Thu., Jun 8, 1916      In the Field   STEENVOORDE, BELGIUM

9-9.30 Physical Drill

10-10.30 Inspection of Arms by Company Commanders.

3 PM Route March

9 “ 230 O.R. Reinforcements arrived from 79th Res. Battn.

Fri., Jun 9, 1916      In the Field   STEENVOORDE, BELGIUM

8.30AM Reinforcements inspected by M.O. and P.M. and allotted to the

different Coys in equal proportions.

9-9.3011 Remainder of Battalion General fatigue cleaning up Billets.

Battn. Alarm Post notified.

10PM Further O.R. Reinforcements to number of 289 arrived.

Sat., Jun 10, 1916      In the Field   STEENVOORDE, BELGIUM

8.30AM Second draft inspected by M.O. and P.M. and allotted to Coys.

11 “ Battalion Paraded for Divine Service. R. C. Church Parade at

STEENVOORDE Church at 9.30AM

Sun., Jun 11, 1916      In the Field   STEENVOORDE, BELGIUM

6.20-6.50 Physical Exercise

9 Roll Call

9-9.30 Musketry Exercise

9.45-10.30 Bayonet Exercise

10.45-11.15 Platoon Drill

11.15-11.45 Lectures by Coy. O.Cs.

2 to 4pm Classes in Bombing, Instruction in use of Smoke Helmets, First

Aid and Stretcher Bearer Work. C.S.M. Sieman of 2nd

Coldstream Guards and C.S.M. Moran of 1st Irish Guards having

been detailed and attached to the Battalion as Drill Instructors,

two Classes of NCOs., one for morning & one for afternoon,

reported to them for instruction.

Mon., Jun 12, 1916      In the Field   STEENVOORDE, BELGIUM

6.30-6.50 Musketry Exercise

9-9.30 Physical Exercise

9.45-10.30 Bayonet Exercise

10.45-11.15 Platoon Drill

11.15-11.45 Lecture by Coy O.Cs.

2-3pm Instruction in the use of Smoke Helmets

3-4 Bomb Throwing

2.30-4 First Aid and Stretcher Bearers carry on direction of M.O.

Battalion Lewis Gun and Grenade Sections were selected this day.

9 5 Officers and 121 O.R. Reinforcements arrived.

Tue., Jun 13, 1916      In the Field   STEENVOORDE, BELGIUM

8.30AM Reinforcements inspected by M.O. & P.M. and allotted to

Companies. Parades as yesterday.

Wed., Jun 14, 1916      In the Field   STEENVOORDE, BELGIUM

A.M. Morning Parades as yesterday. Arm’r Sgt commenced examination

of all Rifles & Bayonets

2.-3. Platoon and Company Drill.

3.-3.30 Lecture by Coy O.Cs. on Discipline.

3.30-3.45 Bayonet Exercise

3.45-4 Arm Drill

2.30-4 First Aid & Stretcher Bearing Instruction as usual.

1-3pm Bathing Parade at STEENVOORDE. Men returned from trenches

given preference.

11.PM In accordance with 8th C.I.B. letter 2/U d/14.6.16 the time was put

forward 60 minutes. 1 Officer and 45 O.R. proceeded to Bgde

Bombing School K.34.c.5.8. for Instruction. Also 1 Officer and 9

O.R. proceeded to same place for Trench Mortar Course. The

Signalling Section, having been brought to strength, proceeded to

8th C.I.B. Signalling School for instructions.

Thu., Jun 15, 1916      In the Field   STEENVOORDE, BELGIUM

AM

6.30-6.50 Physical Exercise

9-9.30 Musketry Exercise

9.45-10.30 Bayonet Exercise

10.45-11.15 Platoon Drill

11.15-11.45 Lecture by Coy. O.Cs.

PM

2-3 Instruction in use of Gas Helmets

3-4 Bomb Throwing

2.30-4 First Aid and Stretcher Bearing Instruction as usual.

Fri., Jun 16, 1916      In the Field   STEENVOORDE, BELGIUM

AM Parades as yesterday morning. Lecture on Trench Duties by Coy.

O.Cs.

3.PM. Battalion Route March

The Lewis Gun Section having been reformed, it proceeded to

8th C.I.Bgde. M.G. Coy. School for Course of Instruction this day.

(24 O.Rs.)

Sat., Jun 17, 1916      In the Field   STEENVOORDE, BELGIUM

9.AM R.C. Church Parade at STEENVOORDE Church.

10 “ Battalion Church Parade.

Sun., Jun 18, 1916      In the Field   STEENVOORDE, BELGIUM

AM

6.20-6.50 Physical Drill

9-9.30 Musketry Exercise

9.45-10.30 Bayonet Exercise

10.45-11.15 Lecture Platoon Drill

11.15-11.45 Lecture on Trench Duties, taking over Listening Posts etc,

and care of Arms and Ammunition.

2-3 Instruction in use of Smoke Helmets and Bombing

3-4 Company Drill

2.30-4 First Aid & Stretcher Bearers carry on as usual.

NCOs Classes under C.S.Ms Sieman and Moran carry on as usual.

7 Officers arrived from the Base this day as Reinforcements.

Mon., Jun 19, 1916      In the Field   STEENVOORDE, BELGIUM

AM As yesterday

PM “ “

2-3 Officers Class under C.S.Ms Sieman and Moran

108141 Pte. Chalk S. G.awarded the Military Medal.

8 ORs proceeded to Defensive Gas School for Course of Instruction

Tue., Jun 20th In the Field

10.AM The battalion was inspected by the Corps Commander while at

work.

2-3PM Officers Class

2-4 ” As yesterday

Wed., Jun 21, 1916      In the Field   STEENVOORDE, BELGIUM

AM & PM As yesterday. Bathing parade to Poperinghe.

Thu., Jun 22nd In the Field

AM & PM Parades as usual, including Officers Class and Bombing

Instruction.

8 O.Rs proceeded to Defensive Gas School to replace 8 O.Rs.

returned this day.

Fri., Jun 23, 1916      In the Field   STEENVOORDE, BELGIUM

AM. Parades as usual (Capt. Bradbrooke and 50 ORs attended Funeral of

Gen. Mercer at POPERINGHE.)

2.PM Battalion Route March. 1 NCO proceeded to CAMIERS for Musketry

Course.

Major Williams and Capts. Forster and MacKay taken on strength

from 19th inst.

Sat., Jun 24, 1916      In the Field   STEENVOORDE, BELGIUM

9.15AM Battalion Church Parade

10.AM R.C. Church Parade at STEENVOORDE Church at 10A.M.

Sun., Jun 25, 1916      In the Field   STEENVOORDE, BELGIUM

AM

6.30-6.50 Physical Drill

9-10 Platoon & Company Drill. NCOs Musketry Class under Lieut. Leech

10.15-11.15 Extended Order Drill

11.15-11.45 Lecture by Coy O.C.s on Fire Control

9.-11.30 Bombing Instruction

PM

2.-3.30 Musketry Instruction by Platoons under Platoon Officers

2-3PM NCOs Musketry Class under Lieut. Leech.

3.30-4 Practice in Rapid loading.

Scouts proceeded with instruction under Lieut Daves. First Aid &

Stretcher Bearers carried on as usual.

Mon., Jun 26, 1916      In the Field   STEENVOORDE, BELGIUM

AM

6.20-6.50 Physical Drill

9-10 Bayonet Fighting (Swinging Dummies)

10.15-11.15 Bombing Instructions – Instruction in use of Gas Helmets and

use of same.

11.15-11.45 Lecture by Coy. O.Cs on Working Parties.

PM

2-3 Extended Order Drill and Bombing Instructions.

3-3.30 Instruction in Intercommunication & Passing of Orders. Lecture by

Coy. O.Cs to N.C.Os on Map reading

2.30-4 First Aid & Stretcher Bearers and Scouts carry on as usual.

Inoculation was commenced and Bayonets sharpened.

Tue., Jun 27, 1916      In the Field   STEENVOORDE, BELGIUM

AM

6.20-6.50 Physical Drill

9-10 Platoon and Company Employ

10.15-11.15 Extended Order Drill

11.15-11.45 Lecture on Fire Control

PM

2-3 Bombing instruction

3-3.30 Musketry

3.30-4 Practice in Rapid loading.

2.30-4 First Aid & Stretcher Bearers and Scouts as usual.

Lewis Gun section of 24 ORs returned from Course and Colt M.G.

Crews proceeded on Course of Instruction.

Wed., Jun 28, 1916      In the Field   STEENVOORDE, BELGIUM

A.M. A & B Coys at Bombing School Practice Trenches.

Training “In attack”. C & C Coys parades as yesterday

P.M. C and D Coys Bombing School Practice Trenches.

Training “In attack” A & B Coys parades as yesterday.

2.30 Lieut. Daves and Battn. Scouts meet Bgde Intelligence Officer.

Thu., Jun 29, 1916      In the Field   STEENVOORDE, BELGIUM

A.M. C and D Coys Bathing Parade. A & B Coys parades as usual.

P.M. A and B Coys Bathing Parade. C & D Coys parades as usual

Fri., Jun 30, 1916       In the Field    STEENVOORDE, BELGIUM

6.20-6.50 Physical Drill

9.30 All ranks attend Gas Demonstration at III Can Div’l Gas School.

11.15-11.45 Lecture by Coy. O.Cs. on Posting Listening Posts and

Sentries and on Relieving same.

PM

2-3 Bombing Instruction and Throwing

3-3.30 Musketry

2.30-4 First Aid, Stretcher Bearers and Scouts carry on as usual

 

R.C. Andros, Major

O.C. 1st C.M.R. Battn.

30/6/16


War Diary of

1 Canadian Mount st ed Rifle Battalion - 3rd Canadian Division

from 1st July to 31st July 1916

Volume 11

Sat., Jul 1, 1916     In Field   STEENVOORDE, BELGIUM

6.30-6.50 Physical Drill

9-10 Bombing Instruction and Instructions on use of, and manner of,

fastening and folding same.

10.15-11.15 Extended Order Drill.

11.15-11.45 Lecture on March Discipline.

P.M. Under auspices of Y.M.C.A. and Can. War Contingent Assoc’n, a

Field Day of sports, competitions, and an Open Air Concert was

held.

Lieuts. Bowdrige, Kendall and Thomson promoted Captains from 5th

June 1916.

Lieut. B. J. Roche was taken on strength from 25th inst.

3 OR proceeded on Sniping Course of Instruction.

3 ORs proceeded to 8th C.I.B. M.G. School for Instruction.

Lieuts Rice & MacMillan and 5 NCOs returned from 1st Can. Div’l

Grenade School and Lieut. J. Foster from Claermarais.

16 ORs to Bgde Sign’l Sch for instruction.

Capt. P. E. Colman appointed Staff Captain 7th C.I.Bgde struck off

strength 16/6/16.

Sun., Jul 2, 1916      In Field   STEENVOORDE, BELGIUM

A.M. Battn. Church Parade at 9.15A.M.

R.Cs at STEENVOORDE at 10.AM.

Mon., Jul 3, 1916      In Field   STEENVOORDE, BELGIUM

AM

6.30-6.50 Physical Drill

9-10 Musketry and practice in Rapid Loading

10.15-11.15 Company Drill

11.15-11.45 Lecture on Method employed in connection with Patrols and

Scouts in “No Man’s Land”

2-4PM Battn. Route March and Range Practice. Lecture to Officers of Ball

Battns. on the Bgde. by the G.O.C.

2 ORs proceeded on Sniper course and 3 ORs to Div’l Wiring Party,

8 ORs for Course at Defensive Gas School

Lieut. Rice and 1 OR to Grenade School TERDEGHEM and 1 OR

to same place for Stokes Gun Course.

Tue., Jul 4, 1916      In Field   STEENVOORDE, BELGIUM

AM.

6.30-6.50 Physical Drill

9-10 Gas Helmet and Platoon Drill

10.15-11.15 Bayonet Fighting (Swinging Dummies)

9.AM “A” and “B” Coys at Bombing School Model Trenches in practice

operations under Officer Commanding

2PM B and C “ at “ ” ” ” ” ” ”

C Coy was put in quarantine this day on account of suspected

diphtheria.

Lieuts Robinson and Fraser proceeded to I Can. Div’l Grenade

School for Course of Instruction.

2-3PM Company Drill

3-4 “ Range Practice and Extended Order Drill

First Aid & Stretcher Bearers carry on as usual, Scouts under

direction of Lieut. Davis.

Wed., Jul 5, 1916      In Field   STEENVOORDE, BELGIUM

AM.

6.30-6.50 Physical Drill

9-10 Musketry and Practice in Rapid loading

10.15-11.15 Company Drill

11.15-11.45 Lecture on Discipline

2-4PM Route March by Companies. Range Practice, Bombing, First Aid &

S.B. also Scouts carry on as detailed.

Thu., Jul 6, 1916      In Field   STEENVOORDE, BELGIUM

AM

6.20-6.50 Physical Drill

9-10 Companies Practice in attack by waves

10.15-11.15 Musketry Exercise and practice in new method of folding and

fastening Gas Helmet.

11.15-11.45 Lecture as to care of arms and ammunition after a Gas

Attack.

2-3PM Extended Order Drill by Companies

3-4 “ Musketry exercise (practice in fixing bayonets)

Range Practice, Bombing Instruction, First aid & S.B., also Scouts

carry on as usual. Bathing Parade at STEENVOORDE

Fri., Jul 7, 1916      In Field   STEENVOORDE, BELGIUM

AM

6.30-6.50 Physical Drill

9-9.30 Inspection of Arms and Equipment by Coy O.Cs

9.30-10 Gas Helmet and Platoon Drill

10.15-11.15 Bayonet Fighting (Swinging Dummies)

11.15-11.45 Lecture by Coy O.Cs on Interior Economy

2-3PM Company Drill

3-4 ” Extended Order Drill. Range and Bombing Instruction. First Aid &

S.Bs and Scouts as detailed.

Sat., Jul 8, 1916      In Field   STEENVOORDE, BELGIUM

AM

6.20-6.50 Physical Drill

9-10 General Fatigue cleaning Billets and Parade Ground

10.15-11.15 Inspection of Arms and Fitting of Equipment.

11.15-11.45 Lecture generally on Conduct of Men in Billets and Trespass

and Damage to Crops.

2-3pm Extended Order Drill by Companies

3-4 ” Company Drill by Junior Officers.

Range & Bombing Instruction, First Aid and Stretcher Bearers also

Scouts carry on as usual.

Lieuts F.V. Robinson and C. Fraser returned from 1st Can. Div’l

Grenade School

Sun., Jul 9, 1916      In the Field  STEENVOORDE, BELGIUM

9.15AM Battalion Church Parade. R.C. Parade at STEENVOORDE

CHURCH at 10.AM

PM Lieuts W. K. Pearce and S. W. Abbott arrive from Base as

reinforcements.

Mon., Jul 10, 1916      In the Field   STEENVOORDE, BELGIUM

AM

6.20-6.50 Physical Drill

9-9.30 Coy Inspections of Arms & Equipment by Coy OCs.

9.30-10.30 Company Drill to be carried on by Junior Officers under

supervision of Coy O.Cs.

11.A.M. The Battalion was inspected by the Corps Commanders.

2-4PM Range Practice. Remainder of Battn. Bayonet Fighting, Instruction

on use of Gas Helmet also the making of loop holes in parapets

and use where under direction of Coy O.Cs. Lieut. Simpson and

1 OR returned from grenade Course at TERDEGHEM.

Tues., Jul 11, 1916      In the Field   STEENVOORDE, BELGIUM

A.M.

6.30-6.50 Physical Drill

9-10 Gas Helmet and Platoon Drill.

10.15-11.00 Bayonet Fighting

11.00-11.45 Lecture by Coy O.Cs on Precautions to be taken during a Gas

Attack. Various details carry out Instruction as usual. 14 ORs

proceeded on and 9 ORs returned from Course at Defensive

Gas School.

2-3pm Company Drill

3-4 “ Extended Order Drill (with fixing and unfixing Bayonets at quick

and double time

Major R. C. Andros promoted Lt. Col., Capt. Laws to Major, and

Lieut C.D. Livingstone to Capt. & app[?} Adjt.

Wed., Jul 12, 1916      In the Field   STEENVOORDE, BELGIUM

A.M. P.M.} As yesterday. Musketry as detailed in Battn. Orders, Bombing

Instruction also. 4 additional men for Company detailed for

instruction in First Aid. Scouts as usual.

P.M. The Signallers (1 Officer & 38 ORs) returned from Brigade

Signalling School. 16 O.Rs. returned from Brigade M.G. Coy.

Thu., Jul 13, 1916      In Field    CAMP ERIE, BELGIUM

AM The Battalion moved from its present Billets at 9AM and proceeded to

CAMP ERIE arriving there at 12.45PM.

PM 1 OR reported for duty on transfer from Can. Remount Dept.

Fri., Jul 14, 1916       In Field   CAMP ERIE, BELGIUM

AM Muster Parade of the Battn was held at 9.30A.M. and Inspection of

Companies by Officer Commanding.

1.30PM Programme of Sports was held. The Bombing Section, 1 Officer

and 44 ORs rejoined unit from Divisional Grenade School.

1 OR returned from Snipers Course.

10 ORs proceeding to Signalling School for Course of Instruction.

Sat., Jul 15, 1916      In Field   CAMP ERIE, BELGIUM

A.M. Inspection of Arms & Equipment & General Fatigue cleaning up

Billets.

AM & PM The Battalion were allotted Baths at Camp HALIFAX.

2 ORs returned from Bgde. M.G.School.

9.40PM The Battalion moved from Camp ERIE to YPRES by Companies.

1 OR proceeded to Bgde M.G. Coy. pending Insp.[?]

Sun., Jul 16, 1916      In Field   YPRES, BELGIUM

PM. 8 Officers 500 ORs supplied Working Parties for work on CORK ST.,

DORMY HOUSE, SAVOY TRENCH, WEST ST., OXFORD ST.,

CULVERT, BOND ST., INFANTRY BARRACKS. 9 ORs returned

from Course at Defensive Gas School. Lieut. J. Foster proceeded to

Can. Corps Officers Training School also 1 OR to Grenade School

and 4 ORs to B.HQ as runners.

Mon., Jul 17, 1916      In Field   YPRES, BELGIUM

PM 8 Officers 530 ORs supplied Working Parties for work on CULVERT,

SAVOY ST., WEST ST., LEINSTER ST., OXFORD ST., NEW BOND

ST., ROSSLYN St., CORK ST., INFANTRY BARRACKS – YPRES.

Lieut. B. J. Roche returned from Leave.

Tue., Jul 18, 1916      In Field   YPRES, BELGIUM

AM & PM Overhauling equipment and cleaning up generally preparatory to

moving into Front Line. Major A. C. Williams proceeded to 5th

Battn Canadians for duty pending transfer. Capt. C. W. U.

Chivers proceeded to H.Qrs. 2nd Can. Inf. Bgde. for Course of

instruction. Capt. J. A. Forster to A.P.M. Can Corps.

1 OR to ESTAPLES for Course of Instruction on Lewis Gun.

9.40pm Battalion proceeded by Companies independently to relieve the

ROYAL CANADIAN REGT. In the LEFT SUB SECTOR (Trenches

R63 to R74). D Coy being on the right and occupying Trenches

R63-67, half R68, GOUROCK RD and YEOMANRY POST.

“A” Coy in the centre and occupying half of R68, R69, 70, 71 and

ROSSLYN ST. “C” Coy on the left in trenches R72, 73, 74 and

the CULVERT and one Platoon in LEINSTER ST. “B”: Coy at

HALFWAY HOUSE with one platoon in LEINSTER ST.

Battn H.Qrs at the TUILLERIES. Relief completed at 1.05AM on

the 19 inst. Casualties th 1 O.R. wounded (G.S.W. slight)

Wed., Jul 19, 1916      In Field   YPRES, BELGIUM

NOON Situation “QUIET” with wind LIGHT N.W. No Casualties.

Desultory Artillery Fire from our side.

P.M. Work on Cleaning, deepening and strengthening trenches proceeded

throughout the night. Support Coy. proceeded with work of erecting

section of brush round position and constructed dug-out for use as

S.A.A. Store. also work was begun on two deep dug-outs.

Sgt. Howsell A.B. returned from a Review at Paris.

Lieut C. F. Casey awarded the Military Cross. M.G. Fire very active

all day around CULVERT, an enemy apparently very nervous.

Thur., Jul 20, 1916      In Field   YPRES, BELGIUM

11-12noon Artillery bombarded the enemy’s front from I.18 to

J.19.b.2.6-1/2 including 4 new craters at HOOGE and

trenches west of BIRDCAGE and STIRLING CASTLE.

NOON to PM. Situation unchanged. WIND Light Northerly. No2 Patrols

report enemy work parties active through last night.

No.2 Patrol reported French Mortar at Enemy’s block on

GOUROCK Rd. Heavy working parties employed all night

on repairing, building up and cleaning front line trenches.

Slight artillery actively from enemy’s side.

Fri., Jul 21, 1916      In Field   YPRES, BELGIUM

2.AM Operations were carried out by the Division on our left from 10.45pm

last night with a view to experimenting on wire cutting with 18 pdrs

and medium trench mortars. 1 OR wounded while on work party

(G.S.W. leg) Wind – Light N.E. Patrols not very active owing to

brightness of night. No enemy patrols encountered.

3.30pm Wind Light N.E.   YPRES, BELGIUM

11.45pm Artillery quiet all day on our front, very lively on our left M.G fire

active all day in region of CULVERT and MENIN RD also

sweeping all overland routes. Cleaning and deepening, also

repairing trenches was carried on all night.

2 O.Rs wounded this P.M. making total of 3 for 24 hours xxxx.

Sat., Jul 22, 1916      In Field   YPRES, BELGIUM

A.M. Wind Light N.N.E. Situation unchanged.

9.30AM Enemy Artillery fairly active in region of T68-71. CULVERT and

MENIN RD. Their aircraft were also fairly active during early

morning. Casualties 2 ORs wounded.

P.M. Enenemy aircraft fairly active during the evening. Enemy apparently

has made a new observation post at I.12.a.2-1/2.1. Work was

proceeded with along whole front of building up parapet and

parados. 50 men were engaged on work at REGENT ST. and

cleaning out left Coys Signal Station, also on construction of Bomb

Trench. Further work on REGENT St. dugout at HQrs. S.A.A. Store

improved and excavating & draining LEINSTER TRENCH.

Sniper reported to have registered a hit at daybreak.

Sun., Jul 23, 1916      In Field   YPRES, BELGIUM

4.25AM Situation Quiet. Wind light N.E. Officers patrol from CULVERT

encountered enemy patrol to right of MENIN RD and a few bombs

were thrown. Enemy withdrew with 1 Casualty, we had 1 slight

casualty. Work on cleaning, deepening trenches and building up

parapet & parados throughout the night, some 1700 sandbags

being used. Also reclamation of REGENT St. was proceeded

with. Casualties 2 O.Rs wounded.

4 P.M. Situation unchanged Wind N.N.E. No enemy activity.

New earth appears round Trenches in the LOOP.

Lieut. F. S. Robinson returned from Course at CAMIERS and

1 OR from 2nd Tunnelling Coy.

Lieuts. A. W. Evans and H. A. Smith awarded the Military Cross.

Sgt. Weslie I.C. and Pte. Keith S.G. awarded Distinguished

Conduct Medal.

Mon., Jul 24, 1916      In Field   YPRES, BELGIUM

4.30AM Situation unchanged wind light N.E. our patrols active all night

and report trenches opposite CULVERT apparently unoccupied as

enemy dropped several Trench Mortars in them. Enemy also

reported in occupation of our old posts 7 & 8 with a machine gun

in the latter. Work on Trenches was carried on as last night about

1400 sandbags being used also work on Shell Trench in Reserve

was proceeded with and S.A.A. Store and Dugouts.

Casualties - 1 OR wounded.

Scout Officer reports enemy were in comparatively strong

condition on our front with numerous listening posts some of which

have machine guns placed.

4.PM. Situation unchanged Wind Light N.N.E. Enemy Artillery slightly

more active. Practically no Rifle or other fire.

Tue., Jul 25, 1916      In Field   YPRES, BELGIUM

4AM Situation Quiet. Wind Light N.W. Patrols report everything quiet.

Work proceeded on advanced Bombing Post and via Nos. 2 and 4

Posts. 1 Listening Post was wired and considerable work on building

up parapet and parados was completed about 1750 sandbags being

used.

NOON Casualty report 1 O.R. wounded.

4 PM. Enemy activity practically nil during day.

Artillery fired about 20 rounds round about T63.

1 OR returned from Signalling course at ZUYTPEENE[?].

Wed., Jul 26, 1916      In Field   YPRES, BELGIUM

4 AM Situation unchanged. Every available man in front line engaged in

building up trenches. Work on deep dugouts continued. One pit

now ready for frame. Also all sandbags filled. Various Patrols went

out during night but have nothing to report, only one enemy patrol

seen. Casualties NIL.

4PM. Situation Quiet. Wind Light N.E.

Enemy quiet all day, much work reported going on behind lines.

11.PM Battn. was relieved by the 52nd Battn. Relief commencing at about

11.15pm and being completed at [_?_]. The Battn. moved by Coys

independently to Camp ST. LAWRENCE.

Thur., Jul 27, 1916      In Field   CAMP ST. LAWRENCE, BELGIUM

2 AM Hot Baths at POPERINGHE were allotted to the Battn, and bathing

was proceeded with.

1 OR struck off strength on transfer to III DIv’l Train.

Fri., Jul 28, 1916      In Field   CAMP ST. LAWRENCE, BELGIUM

10 AM. Working party of 4 Officers and 200 ORs for work on water supply

under CE

Sat., Jul 29, 1916      In Field   CAMP ST. LAWRENCE, BELGIUM

6.30-7AM Physical Drill

9 AM 15 ORs proceeded to H.7.d.5.9 for work on GRENADE Stores.

2 Officers and 50 O.Rs attended Course at Divisional

Engineering School.

1-3 PM Bathing Parades was proceeded with.

2-4 PM Those not bathing Route March by Coys. 1 OR proceeded on

Sniping Course of Instruction. Lieut. Bothwell returned from

Trench Mortar School. Capt. Kendall and 1 OR from Course at

WISQUES. 1 OR struck off strength on tnsfr to 5th Can. Artillery

Bgde. 1 O.R struck off on tnsfr to C.T.D. pending discharge.

Sun., Jul 30, 1916      In Field   CAMP ST. LAWRENCE, BELGIUM

9.A.M. 1 Officer and 50 O.Rs for Course of Instruction at Divisional

Engineering School. All Officers not on duty proceeded for Course

on Digging trenches & Dugouts. Work party of 4 Officers and 200

ORs as before.

10.AM Remainder of Battn. Church Parade. 1 OR reported for duty on

tnsfr from R.C.D.

Mon., Jul 31, 1916      In Field      STEENVOORDE, BELGIUM

AM. Lieut D. W. Davis proceeded to HAZEBROUCKE for transfer to

R.F.C. CAPT. J. A. McKay[?] proceeded to England.

11.30AM Battn marched to STEENVOORDE and took over old billets

arriving 4.10PM.

R.C. Andros, Lt. Col.

O.C. 1st C.M.R. Battn.

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

1st August, 1916   (In Field)

6. A   Reveille

9 to 11:30 A    Instructions in Bombing and Blocking Parties and practice in “digging in” also practice in fixing and reinforcing Bayonets on march (Quick and Double time) and Fire Control.  Signalers, Scouts, Bombers and Re??, Ge?? Sections carry over under their own Officers.

2 – 4 P.  Route March by Coys With special attention to March discipline 1 OR taken on strength pending Insp.

Instructions in wiring and construction of Deep Dugouts.

2nd August, 1916

5:30 A.  Reveille

7:15 A.  Inspection of feet and socks

9 to 11:30 A.   As yesterday

2 P.  Muster Parade of “B” Coy   3P.  Muster Parade C Coy

2 -4 P.  Coys and Details not otherwise employed will carry on as this morning.  1 O.R. returned from ESTAPLES and 12 O.R.s from Bgde  M. G. School of Instruction. Instruction in Wiring and construction of Deep Dugouts

3rd August 1916

6 A.  Reveille

6:30 A.  Foot inspections

9 – 10 A.  Kit and Equipment Inspections

10 – 11:30 A.  As yesterday

2 P. Muster Parade of “D” Coy  3P.  Muster Parade of A Coy

2 – 4 P.   Companies etc not specially employed will carry on as in  ?  10 – 11:30 A.

AM & PM  4 Officers and 90 O.R. constructing Practice Trench at A Coy Billet.  Bombing with “live”  Bombs as detailed

4 O.R.s proceeded to STEENVOORDE for traffic control and 70 O.R.s for Guard duty to same place.

1 O.R. returned from 2nd Can Tunneling Coy and 2 O.R.s from Div. Wiring Party.  Instructions in Wiring etc.

4th August 1916

6 A. Reveille

6:30 A.  Foot inspections

9 – 11:30 A.  As yesterday.

2 – 4 P.  As yesterday.   Bomb Throwing with live bombs as detailed instructions in Wiring and constn of Deep Dugouts

1 O.R. proceeded to ESTAPLES for Lewis Gun Course.  3 O.R.s return from Salvade Corp.  ZILLEBEKE.

5th August 1916

3 A.  Reveille

5 A.  Battn took part in Bgde Route March, route being EAST along STEENVOORD – PEPERIGNE RD. to Belgian Frontier then Southward.   Passing to WEST of GODWAERSVELDE crossing railway then in a South Westerly direction and recrossing railway into EECKE then in a northerly direction and return.

PM  1 OR proceeded to C.O.C. pending transfer.  Major Al Williams transferred to 5th Battn.  Capt. J. A. MacKay to Eng.

16 O.R.s returned from Course at Defensive Gas School

6th August 1916  (In Field)

6 A.  Reveille

9:20 A.  Battn Church Parade

10 A.  RC Church Parade at STEENVOORDE Church

2 P.  Horse Show was held by 8th B ? B in YMCA Field at STEENVOORDE.

6 Ors returned from Bgde Wiring Party.  1 O.R. proceeded to ZUYTIPEENE for Signaling Course of Instruction

7th August 1916

5:30 A.  Reveille

7:15 A.  Feet Inspection

9 – 10 A. Bayonet Fighting – fixing and unfixing bayonets on March at quick and double time.

10:15 – 11:15 A.  Platoon and Company Drill

11:15 – 11:45 A.   Lecture on Intelligence reports and Observations

2 – 4 P.  Route March by Coys.  Gas Demonstration was held at Defensive Gas School commencing 2:30 pm  Lieut. J. Foster returned from Officers Training School.  2 O.R.s from Course at Trench Mortar School and 1 O.R. from ZUYTPEENE.  Lieuts S.W. Abbott and R. S. Rice

8th August 1916

AM   The Battn. Moved by train from GODWAERSVELDE at 9:35 A.M. to POPERINGHE and then by march Route to CAMP TORONTO arriving at 11:15 AM Transport proceeded to old camp at G. 24 c 5 5? ??38 by road.

10 O.R.s returned from Course of Instruction at 8th C.I.B. Signaling School and 4 O.R.s proceeded there

PM  Lieut R. Duncan proceeded to  duty with R.F.C. pending transfer.

9th August 1916

AM & PM   The Battn was allotted no.1 Baths. CONVENT, POPERINGHE and the whole of the Battn. had baths. 

Kit and equipment inspection were carried on during day and all shortages were filled.

8:45 P.  The Battn. proceeded to G. 22. C. ? 9 and entrained there for YPRES marching from there to T33 to 38 and relieving the 7th Can. Inf. Battn  relief completed at 2:30 AM on the 10th inst. 1 O.R. wounded.

10th August 1916

4A.   Situation Quiet with wind light SE

11A  Situation unchanged wind light SW 1 O.R. wounded (shell shock)

NOON  Enemy artillery very active in forenoon along T 37 and 38 our Artillery retaliated

PM  Enemy Artillery continued active throughout  the afternoon and evening with corresponding amount of retaliation from ours.  Few Trench Mortars were thrown also rifle grenades which caused us a number of Casualties.  Various work on trenches and supports was proceeded with throughout night when not interfered with by Artillery activity. 

11th of August, 1916 (In the Field)

4 A.  Situation quiet, Wind Light S. E. 3 patrols were out during the night reconnoitering old saps.  Returned without encountering any enemy patrols.  Report saps unoccupied .

11A.  Situation unchanged.  Wind Light S.E. A few Enemy Trench Mortars and Rifle Grenades were sent over during the early hours of the morning causing several casualties.  Our Trench Mortars retaliated with good effect.

12 noon  Casualties last 24 hours.  4 O.R.s killed [104255 Walter Greaves; 136364 David Mckerracher; 150913 Siggie Freeman; 425643 George Ekner Wolf ] & 15 O.R.s wounded.  Work was proceeded with this A.M. on resetting “R” Line & construction of deep dugouts for stokes and M.G. Crews.

4P. Situation unchanged.  Pm. 8 ORs proceeded to Bde Wiring party for duty.  1 OR reported from S.A. sniping school.  Slight Artillery attack by Enemy during the day.  Some minenwerfers were thrown over, one direct hit being observed without casualties.  Our stokes guns replied with good effect.  1 OR returned from M.G. course from ESTAPLES.

11th August, 1916

4 A.  Situation normal.  Wind light N.W. work was continued thru-out yesterday and during the night on the “R” line, NOSRAC WALK, the CRESCENT and some wiring also was done during the night.

8:20 A.  A vigorous Bombardment of our front was begun.  Guns of all calibers being brought to bear, increasing in intensity from the Centre of T. 35 where it became exceptionally intense, especially along support and communication Trenches and lasting till about 10:45 a.m.  Much damage was done to parapets & Trenches generally & many dugouts in front and Reserve Trenches were blown in, in region of T. 35 – 36-37 and 38.

12th  August, 1916  (In Field)

8:20 am A vigorous bombardment of our front areas began. Guns of all calibers being brought to bear, increasing in intensity from the Center of T.35 where it became exceptionally intense, especially along support and communication Trenches and lasting till about 10:45 am. Much damage was done to parapets & Trenches generally & many dugouts in front and Reserve Trenches were blown in, in region of T.35, 36, 37, and 38.

10:45 am The Enemy was seen to advance opposite our T.38 about 150 to 200 strong. Front Line parapet was immediately manned and vigorous fire from rifles & Machine Guns was brought to bear, checking this advance & causing many casualties to the enemy. Small party of Enemy succeeded in entering our line at the junction of the Bridge & T38 but were immediately driven out leaving behind a box of explosives and some fuse. The left of this Battn. immediately reinforced the Battn on the Left in that part of T38 occupied by said Battn. The artillery covering this sector was particularly effective during this attack inflicting heavy damage on Enemy’s Front Line and Support. The retaliation by our Guns was maintained during the whole attack and continued, gradually reduced until 12:30 am.

12 noon Total casualties during this action numbered 6 ORs killed [424540 William John Ball; 424549 William Henry Barlow; 425093 Eustace Walter Moores; 135843 Joseph Thomas Rynehart; 425778 Thomas Tate; 106599 Company Sergeant Major William Frederick Vittie] and 35 ORs wounded.

4:15 pm Situation normal. Wind N.W. one OR returned from ???? Course at CAMIERS. Enemy snipers have been very active since Bombardment on gaps made by their Artillery.

10:15 pm A picked Officers patrol went out on extreme left of T38 for purpose of securing identification from dead or wounded Germans left in “no mans” land after morning of Bombardment but none were discovered, even any discarded equipment, except a few hand grenades. Enemy was observed in great numbers engaged repairing damage done during Bombardment. Our machine Gun Crews were notified and turned their Guns on these parties with good effect.  Sgt. T.C. (?) Wilson was granted a commission and appointed transport officer to the Battn.

13th August 1916

4 A.  Situation quiet .  Wind L.S.W. work proceeded thru out the night on repairing and clearing up front line & support Trenches after yesterdays Bombardment.  The Whole of the Front Line parapet being restored to its former condition.  Practically no machine Guns or rifle fire during the night but enemy snipers active.  The stokes Guns put in some extremely good work on the Enemys Front line repairs during the night.  Patrol work practically “nil” although patrols were out, owing to the brightness of the moon. A German Cylindrical stick was picked up during the night in no mans land with this message attached “Greetings from the German Country”

12Noon  Casualties last 24 hours.  1 OR killed [106353 Louis Layman] and ten wounded.

4P.   Situation quiet.  Wind N.W. work was proceeded with on the Crescent filling and laying sandbags also party of 65 men were employed under Engineers and 75 men on the R line Trenches and Deansgate.

9P.  Enemy aircraft very active during the day also their Observations Balloons.

14th August 1916

4 A. Situation quiet.  Wind light S.W. work was proceed with throughout the night on repairing parapet and rebuilding parados.  Enemy snipers less active during the night owing to the alertness of our own.  Enemys parapet continued in a state of dis-repair owing to the activity of our machine Guns. An officers patrol of six men went out with the intention of ambushing and Enemy Patrol, but had to abandon their intention owing to the brightness of the moon.  They proceeded instead to stalk a sniper said to be working just in front of Enemys wire in an old communications Trench.  This Trench was examined for a whole length but no sniper located, so patrol bombed Enemys front line and returned without casualties.  O.P. at left of VERBRANDENMOLEN RD. T.37 reports large Strong Point about 1200 yds behind Enemys Front line and Artillery O.Os. caused light shelling at this point.  O.P. reported that pigeons were observed proceeding from just behind Enemys front line apparently with Artillery retaliation.

Casualties for 24 horus ending at noon today 6 O.R. wounded.

4P.  Situation quiet, Wind W.S.  All ranks busily engaged.

15th August 1916

4A.  Situation normal.  Wind west by S.W.  Sgts. Patrol reports that Enemy had easy access to left end of T.38 around our own wire beyond that portion of the Trench held by this unit. Work was proceeded with by all men who could (be) spared from LEFT Co. on the front line.  Over 500 sandbags being filled and laid.  Also this Coy had 45 men at work during the day on the A. line and CRESCENT.  Centre Coy. Completed during the night new dugout at JCT. T. 31 and LEIGHTON ST.  Front line of Grant Fleet St. and part of HENRY and PETTICOAT LANE.  New wire completed along Front about 40 yds on our right.  25 O.R.s employed all day with the R.E.s …

Right Coy. Constructed blocks at JCT. T. 34 and 35 parapet and parados raised in several bays.  Party of 50 men employed all day on the ‘R’ Line … Support Coy. Employed throughout the night and day in different parties on ‘R’  Line rear of T.33 on edge of ravine.  Parapet and parados raised several  layers of sandbags also rear of T35 filling and laying of sandbags, filling, carrying and laying sandbags to DEANSGATE.  15 men also employed during afternoon burying cable. 

Casualties for last 24 hours ending noon today 6 O.R.s wounded. Sgts Wilson T.C. and Williamson H? H?  granted temporary commissions in the Canadian Corp and posted to 1st C.M.R. Bttn.  All ranks not otherwise engaged in cleaning up the Trenches and dugouts prior to relief by 2nd C.M.R. Battn.

10:45 P.  Relief by 2nd C.M.R.s completed.  10:45 pm.  Battalion marched off to Camp OTTAWA arriving there at 5 am

16th August 1916

Battalion resting after march from Trenches.

17th August 1916

AM  Reveille 6 am Inspection of mens feet at 6:30 am by O.C.s Baths, Inspection of Rifles, Equipment, Iron and Emergency rations.  Baths – 1 at POPERINGHE allotted to this Battn 10 am to 6 pm.

Lieut C. Fraser has been appointed Asst. Adjt.

18th August 1916

AM  Reveille 6am

9am to 11:30 am Coy and platoons in open order drill.

PM 2pm to 4 pm.  Coys in Attack extending over open and wooded country.  4 Ors on command. 1 OR returned from command.  114878 pte. Stork C. taken on strength, transferred from 3rd Div. Train. School.

19th August 1916

AM  Reveille 6 am   6:30  Foot Inspection. 

9am to 11:30 am Cos in attack on Trenches.

PM  2 pm to 4pm  Battalion in attack.  Conference of Officers on days maneuvers at 5 pm  1 OR on command pte. Pearson E.E. 425193 struck off strength on transfer to 5th Can. Battn.

20th August 1916

AM  6 am Reveille.  Church parade.  Divine service was held on Battn. parade grounds at 10 am.

R.C. Church parade.  Mass was held at Camp WINNIPEG (E. Camp) at 8 am. Lieut Roche in charge of parade.  10 ORs arrived this am as reinforcements from 3rd Entrenching Battn.

PM  11am to 12am Kit Inspection by Coys.

2 Ors on command. 4 officers returned from Command.  Also 1 OR stokes Gun Course at TERDEGHEM.

Pt. Miller W. J.  108390 promoted to Sgt. Of Pioneers.

The following pts. have been made provisional L/Cpls:

151341 pte. Whord E. 

622328 pte. Simpson J.

136114 pte. Perkins H.

151138 Nicholson J.

Strength Decrease:  pte.  Murray C.E. having processed to 10th Fld. Ambulance pending transfer, is struck off strength.

21st August 1916

6 am Reveille

6:30 Feet inspection

9 to 11:30 Coys in attack on villages and practice in extended order work.

2 to 4 pm Lectures by OC Coys on Infantry and attack.

1 OR returned from Signal School of Instruction at ZUYPTEENE

22nd August 1916

Reveille 6 am

Physical Drill 630 to 730 am

9 to 10 am Platoon Drill (Close Order) and rifle exercises.

10:15 to 10:45 bayonet fighting

10:45 to 11:30 Co. Drill

2pm to 2:30 Gas Helmet Drill

2:30 to 3 pm Visual Training

3pm to 4pm Training in Fire Discipline

The following ORs returned from courses of Instruction and duty as noted.

4ORs from 8th C.S.B. Signal School

7ORs from 8th C.S.B. Wiring Party

Lts. J. O’Regan  A. P? McMillan and J.A. Bethune proceeded to Div. Bombing School for course of Instruction.

23rd August 1916

6am Reveille

6:30 Foot Inspection

9 to 11:30 Cos. In attack

2pm Bttn. Left Camp Ottawa for POPERINGHE arriving there at 3:25 pm

24th August 1916

6 am Reveille

6:30 Foot Inspection

9 to 9:30 Physical Drill

9:45 to 10:30 Bayonet Fighting

10:30 to 11:30 Lecture by Co. Officers

2 pm Route march by Cos and Details.

The following ORs returned from Command.  10 from 2nd Army Tranps Coy.  11 from  3rd Div. Wiring party.

3 men from Traffic Control.  5 from Guard at YPRES

25th August 1916

Reveille 5:30 am

Breakfast 6:15

7:30 am Battalion fell in for march to new camp at L. 20 C. 8.5. arriving there at 9:40 am

26th August 1916

Reveille 6 am

Foot Inspection 6:30 am

9 to 9:30 physical drill.

9:45 to 11:30 instruction in Wood fighting by Cos. independently.

2 pm muster parade

4 ORs proceeded to defensive Gas School for course of instruction.

27th August 1916

6 am Reveille

8:15 physical drill

9 am Church parade

9:45  musketry instruction.

10:30 wood fighting by platoons

2 pm wood fighting by Cos.

2 ORs proceeded to instruction to Div. Bombing School


28th August 1916 

Reveille 6 am

Foot inspection 6:30 am

8:30 to 10 Route march by Cos without Arms or Equipment doubling to be practiced in Intervals.

10 to 10:30 Bayonet Fighting

10:30 to 11:30 practice with Instruction in the formation of Battle patrol.

2 to 4 pm Coy. Attack in the open, including practice in various formations under Artillery and other fire.

Lieut. C. F. Casey proceed to TERDEGHEM for grenade course

Lieuts. Abbott and Rice returned from course of stokes gun and grenade Engineering at Div. School.

Lieuts  O’Regan

            McMillan

            Bethune Returned from course at Div. Bombing School

One OR returned from duty 2nd Can. Tunneling Coy.

29th August 1916

Reveille 6 am

8:30 Bttn. Route march in quick & double time

1 to 5 pm Bayonet Fighting and Bombing, and instruction in village fighting.

2 ORs  proceeded to ESTAPLES for L.G. course of instruction

1OR returned from course at ESTAPLES.  20 ORS having arrived from 3rd Entrenching Battn as reinforcements taken on strength and posted to ‘B” Coy.

30th August 1916

6 am Reveille

8 am Battn took part in series of practice attacks reconnaissance and intercommunication at STEENVOORDE Bombing School… Capt. Bowdridge  returned from duty  as Camp Commandant of Camps A.B.C.D. also one OR returned from duty as Camp Commandant’s Asst. Lieut. J.D. Cameron and 3 ORs returned from general course at WISQUE.  Four ORs proceeded to defensive gas school for course.

31st August 1916

6 am Reveille… 6:30 Foot Inspection …8:30 to 11:30 Route march and musketry instruction.

1:30 to 4 pm Bayonet Fighting, Fire patrol practice, & fixing and unfixing bayonets at quick and double time.

 

R C Andros Lt. Col.

O.C. 1st C.M.R. Battn.  

[One other O.R. died: 136118 William Frederick Porteous, Aug 25th at Boulogne]


Fri., Sep 1, 1916              NEW CAMP AT L. 20 C. 8.5. , BELGIUM    

6 AM  Reveille  8:30 to 11:30 Instruction in carrying tools, sandbags and other supplies and bayonet fighting

1-5 PM  Bayonet Fighting

Sat., Sep 2, 1916             NEW CAMP AT L. 20 C. 8.5. , BELGIUM    

6 AM  Reveille

6:30 to7  Physical Drill

8:30 to 11:30  Instruction in Bayonet Fighting and Bombing out trenches also wiring 4 ORs proceeded to defensive gas school for course of instruction.

Sun., Sep 3, 1916            NEW CAMP AT L. 20 C. 8.5. , BELGIUM 

9:30AM  Battn. Church parade. RCs attended mass at Parish Church ABEELE at 11am

OR Proceeded to 8th C.S.B. TM Btty. for duty.  One OR from Signal Schoolt at ZUYTPEENE

Mon., Sep 4, 1916           NEW CAMP AT L. 20 C. 8.5. , BELGIUM 

6 AM  Reveille

8 AM  Battn. march to STEENVOORDE Bombing School to take part in series of practice attacks & reconnaissance and inter communications, also musketry instruction.

106523 Cpl. M. Roney  (attached to 8th Can. T.M. Btty.)   was awarded military medal

1 NCO & 3 men proceeded to Bde. H. Qrs. To act as guard.

1 OR proceeded to 8th Cana. Inf. Bde Machine Gun Coy. For duty.

1 Officer & 1 NCO returned from TERDEGHEM, course of bombing etc.

4 ORs returned from course of instruction at Defensive Gas School

Reinforcements.  10 ORs arrived from 3rd Entrenching Battn. 3/9/16.

Tue., Sep 5, 1916            NEW CAMP AT L. 20 C. 8.5. , BELGIUM 

6AM  Reveille

6:15 Roll Call

8:30 am to 10 am ‘A” Coy Bayonet Fighting.

10 am to 11:30  B Coy. Bayonet Fighting.  Bombing out Trenches, Bombing, Fire Discipline, & Musketry Exercises.

1:30 to 4 PM  Wood Fighting by Cos.  Lectures by Coy. Officers .

1 OR proceeded to 3rd Div.  A.P.M. for traffic control.

1 OR returned from course 8th C.I.B.  M. G. Coy.

1 OR returned from course Defensive Gas School.

Wed., Sep 6, 1916            NEW CAMP AT L. 20 C. 8.5. , BELGIUM 

6 AM  Reveille

6:15 Roll Call

8:30 to 10 AM Bomb throwing with live bombs ‘A’ Coy.

10 AM to 11:30  Bomb throwing with live bombs D Coy.

‘A’ and ‘B’ Coy. will carry on Bde.  Practice in contact (aeroplane) patrolling.  (Balance of morning time)

8:30 to 10 AM Bayonet fighting D Coy.

10 to 11:30  Bayonet fighting C Coy.

1 OR proceeded to ESTAPLES for LG Course

1OR returned from duty from 2nd Can. Tun. Coy.  2 ORs returned from LG course at ESTAPLES

Thu.,  Sep 7, 1916                          CANDAS, FRANCE   

3:45  Reveille

4:30 AM Battn. fell in on Parade Grounds

4:45 AM  Battn. marched off from Camp L. 20 – C.9.11?   Busses were taken at K.36 M-1.5 to CASSEL where Bttn. Entrained for CANDAS ??

1OR returned from duty from Div Baths

2 ORS returned from Div. Bombing School.

Bttn. Retrained at CANDAS and proceeded by march route to FRANSU arriving there on the morning of the 8th

Fri., Sep 8, 1916                             FRANSU, FRANCE   

The Battalion rested in billets during the afternoon.

Sat., Sep 9, 1916                            FRANSU, FRANCE               

AM  Route march by companies and Details.

PM  Kit Inspection and preparing for next move.

Sun., Sep 10, 1916                         BONNEVILLE, FRANCE

7 PM  The Battalion moved with the 8th Can. Inf. Bgde.  Group by march route to BONNEVILLE and remained there until the following day.

Mon., Sep 11, 1916                  VADENCOURT AREA, FRANCE

6 am The Battalion proceeded by the March Route to VADENCOURT AREA and remained there for the night.

Tue., Sep 12, 1916                   CHALK PITS, ALBERT, FRANCE

6:25 am The Battalion proceeded to BRICKFIELDS AREA, ALBERT by bus and remained there until when they moved to the CHALK PITS where they relieved the 7th Battn. Canadians in Reserve

8:30 pm 2 Officers and 100 ORs went out on Working Party for R.E.

Wed., Sep 13, 1916    LEFT SUBSECTOR, COURCELETTE, FRANCE      

4:30 am  Working Party of 1 Officer and 76 ORs reported to engineers as carrying party

Noon Casualties to noon today 3 ORs killed and 7 wounded,

pm - The Battn relieved the 2nd CMRBattn. in LEFT SUBSECTOR.

Thu.,  Sep 14, 1916    LEFT SUBSECTOR, COURCELETTE, FRANCE      

am - Situation Hostile Artillery on front line moderate.  Our Artillery Active – intermittently.  Casualties to noon today 15 ORs wounded (including one OR accidental)

pm - Evening Situation, normal with intermittent Hostile Artillery Activity.

Fri., Sep 15, 1916         MOUQUET FARM, COURCELETTE, FRANCE     

am In accordance with 8th CFB Instructions The Battn. carried out two successful raids this am.  First: - The point R. 27 – D – 7.3 where deep dugouts are suspected.  Second: - to raid MOUQUET FARM and dugouts in vicinity.  The raids consisted of two parties.  The First party consisting of 1 officer, 50 ORs and two flanking parties of 1 officer and 25 ORs each.  The party was commanded by Capt. W.B. Caswell of C Coy.  Their objective was the trenches at point R.D. 27. D. 7.3 which they were to Bomb, and clean out, doing as much damage, and to cause as great loss to the Enemy as possible… on reaching their objective, they were to remain in the Trench for a period of 10 mins, after stated time to return to their own Trenches…at zero time 6:20 am no. 1 party were in shell holes out in front of trenches, and in rear of where our Barrage should have been, However at 6:25 am it was found that air Artillery, instead of playing on the Enemy’s line, many of the shells fell amongst our own party inflicting many casualties including the Officers leading the Parties.  When the barrage lifted it was found that the enemy’s line was intact and very strongly manned, and when our men advanced they were met with a shower of cylindrical sticks as well as heavy rifle and machine gun fire, in reply our men answered with Mills Bombs and Rifle Fire.  This party occupied a line of shell holes in front of the Enemy position from which a heavy fire was kept up by the Enemy until our Front Line Coy. had suffered so many casualties that it was considered advisable to reinforce it by the remainder of the Raiding Party and this line was so held until relieved by the 2 C.M.R. Battn on the night of Sept. 15/16… The 2nd party which was Commanded by Lieut. J.P. French consisted of 50 ORs., which was divided into two parties, of 1 Officer and 25 ORs carried out the raid on MOUQUET FARM  and suspected dugouts in that vicinity.  The object being to surround the ruins and bomb out support Entrances and if the enemy were expected to occupy and hold this as a strong point.  Two parties were taken off from A and B Coy to act as consolidating parties in event of this happening.  The work staked out for ‘B’ Coy was to extend the gap from Point 59 and connect up with the ruins from MOUQUET FARM.  The party from ‘A’ Coy to occupy shell holes from a point at 7.7 to the nearest point at MOUQUET FARM and to consolidate this by connecting shell holes as soon as possible.  At zero time this 2nd party left their Trenches, attained their objective, bombing out the only Entrance that could be found.  The party in question remained in their new position for about 15 mins. returning then to their own Trenches.  During their stay in the new Trench they accounted for at least 40 Germans, and captured one prisoner.  During the operations of the 2nd party, ‘A’ Coy. had established themselves in the line above mentioned, connected up the shell holes and held the line until relieved by the 2nd C.M.R. Battn

6:40 am The Enemy began shelling our front line vigorously.  The hits were infrequent until about 10:30 am when the range was perfect, with the result that many casualties were inflicted.  The shelling was kept up without intermission until about 1:30 pm, when it slackened for about one hour and was kept up intermittently until about 7 pm, after this it was shifted back and Barrage established between Front line and supports which was kept up until about midnight….The machine gun and rifle fire, especially sniping, was incessant throughout the day. As a result of the Bombardment, rifle and machine gun fire, the two front line companies suffered heavily, especially the right Coy. in which out of 5 officers, three were killed and two wounded, one seriously and a large number of ORs.  The total casualties during the Tour were as follows,  6 officers killed, 6 officers wounded and 2 officers missing.  64 ORs killed.  173 ORs wounded and 9 ORs missing.

pm - Battn. relieved by 2 CMR Bn night of 15/16/ Sept. and proceeded by March Route to LaBOISSELLE,

Sat., Sep 16, 1916                      LA BOISSELLE, FRANCE

Bn in Div. Reserve.  LA BOISSELLE. 61 ORs arrived as reinforcements

Sun., Sep 17, 1916                     BRICKFIELDS, FRANCE

AM  Bttn. Moved by march route from LA BOISSELLE to BRICKFIELDS, arriving at BRICKFIELDS at 12:45 pm.  Balance of the Day, Bttn. resting.

Mon., Sep 18, 1916                            ALBERT, FRANCE

AM  On account of the rain, and the fact that the were camped in the open at BRICKFIELDS, Billets were located in ALBERT and the Battn moved there accordingly.

1 Hospital Admission.

Tue., Sep 19, 1916                      WARLOY-BAILLON, FRANCE

7 AM  Bttn. fell in and moved by march route to WARLOY-BAILLON arriving there at 10:35 AM.  Balance of the day spent inspecting Kits, Equipment, etc.

11 ORs arrived as re-inforcements

2 ORs proceeded to 8th Can. T.M. Coy for duty.

12  ORs proceeded to Can. Corps Bombing School for course in Bombing.

1 OR proceeded to Can. Corps Bombing School for duty.

2 ORs  proceeded to ESTAPLES for L.G. course

1 OR returned from ESTAPLES from taking L.G. course.

Wed., Sep 20, 1916                       WARLOY-BAILLON, FRANCE

6AM  Reveille

6:15 Roll Call

6:30 Foot Inspection

9 AM  Orderly room and sick parade

Bttn. alarm past in front of Coy. Billets

Major D. Williamson to act as Adgt Vice Capt.

2 hospital admissions

1 hospital returns.

Thu.,  Sep 21, 1916                     BOUZINCOURT , FRANCE   

6 AM Reveille

6:15 Roll Call

6:30 Foot Inspection.

10AM Inspection of Iron Rations by all Coys and details.

2PM  Bttn. moved from WARLOY-BAILLON by march route to BOUZINCOURT, arriving latter place at 11:50 PM

3 Hospital Admissions

2 ORs proceeded to ESTAPLES for L.G. Course

1 OR returned from command 8th C.I.B.

2 ORs proceeded to ALBERT for perm. duty as Brakesmen on Train Line.    

AT BOUZINCOURT

Fri., Sep 22, 1916                        BOUZINCOURT , FRANCE   

6AM  Reveille

6:15 Roll Call

6:30 Foot Inspection

9AM Orderly room & sick parade

Bttn. Alarm past in front of Coy. Billets.

Working party of 4 Officers and 209 ORs were detailed for work on COURCELLETTE RD.

11 ORs returned from hospital (casualties)

211 ORs arrived as reinforcements

Sat., Sep 23, 1916                       BOUZINCOURT , FRANCE   

6 AM Reveille

6:15 Roll Call

6:30 Foot Inspection.

9:30 a Kit and equipment inspection was held by all Coys and Details.

3 PM  The Bttn. paraded to Church Corner, where they were met by the G.O.C. who delivered a short address and commended all ranks on the work performed by them during the recent operations.

1 Officer and 54 ORs were detailed for working party for work at STONE SIDING

3 Hospital Admissions.

4 Hospital Returns

2 ORs proceeded to 8th Can. M.G. Coy for duty.

9 Officers reported from 3rd Entrenching Bn. for duty

Sun., Sep 24, 1916                      BOUZINCOURT , FRANCE   

6 AM Reveille

6:15 Roll Call

6:30 Foot Inspection

9 AM Divine Service was held at the 2nd CMR Battn. H.Qs

R.C.s paraded to parish church BOUZINCOURT at 9 am where mass was celebrated.

Lieut. Col. R. C. Andres having proceeded to Eng. on leave, Mjr B. Laws assumes duties as OC the Bttn.

8 AM  A working party of 3 officers and 150 ORs were detailed for work on ROAD DEVIATION around ALBERT.

6:45 PM a working party of 3 officers and 159 ORs  reported to Lieut. McKinnon for work on OVILLERS COURCELETTE ROAD

9:15 PM  A working party of 1 Officer and 54 ORs reported to Corpl. Thomas for work at AVELUY STONE SIDING

Mon., Sep 25, 1916                     BOUZINCOURT , FRANCE   

6 AM Reveille

6:15 Roll Call

6:30 Foot Inspection

Lewis Gunners & Bombers to be trained under Coy. arrangements.

8AM  A working party of 3 officers and 159 ORs were detailed for work on ROAD DEVIATION around ALBERT.

2 PM A working party of 3 Officers and 159 ORs were detailed for work on COURCELETTE ROAD

1 Hospital Admission

2 ORs proceeded to church army hut for duty.

1 M.C.O. proceeded to Can. Corps. Bombing School for duty.

2 ORs returned from L.G. Course at ESTAPLES

1 M.C.O. proceeded to England on leave.

1 OR proceeded to England on leave.

Tue., Sep 26, 1916                      BOUZINCOURT , FRANCE   

6 AM Reveille

6:15 Roll Call

6:30 Foot Inspection

9 AM Orderly rooms and Sick parade

Major W. B. Caswell proceeded to England on leave.

1 OR proceeded to 8th Can. Inf. Bde. for duty as Gas Instructor

1 Officer and 15 ORs proceeded to Can. Corps. Bombing School for Bombing course

Wed., Sep 27, 1916                      BOUZINCOURT , FRANCE

6 AM Reveille

6:15 Roll Call

9 AM  orderly room sick parade

The morning was spent cleaning around billets & preparing for move.

2:15 Battn. fell in and proceeded to march route to TARA HILL via ALBERT and BRICKFIELDS in accordance with 8th Can. Inf. Bde. Instructions contained in 0.0.47 arriving at former place at 4:45 pm. Bttn. remained here for a period of two hours, during which time a hot meal was prepared for the men, the  Field Kitchen Gang brought up for this purpose.

7 PM  Bttn. resumed journey, on arriving at KAY DUMP every OR was supplied with 5 sand bags and two bombs each, which they carried into the line.  1st C.M.R. Bttn. relieved the 5th Can. Inf. Bttn. in the R. Sub Sector.  C and D Coys taking over the Front. Line and A & B Coys remained in supports.  Two platoons of ‘C’ Coy were guided into wrong trench, due to error on the part of the Guide, which resulted in relief being delayed, this together with weather conditions relief was not completed till 6:25 AM morning of 28th.

Thu.,  Sep 28, 1916           RIGHT SUB SECTOR, FRONT LINE, FRANCE

AM  Morning situation normal, with light South East wind blowing. Enemy Artillery Active.

Casualtys to noon today 1 OR killed , 1 OR wounded.

PM ‘D’ Coy extended and connected up with 2nd CMR on their left and ‘C’ Coy on Right. At 8:10 PM in accordance with 8th C.I.B. Instructions, a party of two officers and 50 men, under Capt. Bothwell left their trench and proceeded to about R.22 D39 where they dug trench about 50 yds long line with R. Flank of 2nd. CMR new trench, and running towards left flank of trench occupied by C. Coy this Bttn owing to the heavy shelling and Machine Gun Fire this party was forced to retire before completing task.  The Trench is about 200yds. from Enemy Front line and is being held by 1 Officer of D Coy, 1 Machine Gun and 21 ORs.  The enemy’s position is evidently very strong it having a machine gun emplacement about 50 or 100 yds in front of our trench, which with the help of flares kept up a steady fire on our party.  This trench apparently commands enemy’s front line and valley to the left and has a good filed of fire.  The trench in question could be joined up with Left Flank of ‘C’ Coy Trench by digging from the end towards the centre, in the mean time this work is being carried on from the end occupied by Lieut. M. Laws of D Coy. a considerable amount of work has been completed in this connection under most difficult circumstances. Patrols returned at 1:15 AM 29th.

Capt. Kendall, OC ‘C’ Coy. occupying on front in the HESSIAN TRENCH reports that from information received from patrols and by observation that REGINA TRENCH from approximately R.22B.4.5 turning east towards R. 33 is held only by machine gun during the day, at night advance bombing parties are put out. A small party from ‘C’ Coy raided the Enemy’s advance post referred to on the night 28/29th Sept. finding it occupied by the Enemy they immediately opened up with Machine Gun Fire, scattering the post and dispersing with the occupants in good style.

Fri., Sep 29, 1916              RIGHT SUB SECTOR, FRONT LINE, FRANCE 

AM  Situation Normal, with Light South wind.  Slight retaliation from Enemy Artillery on our Left.

Casualties to noon today 5 ORs killed and 15 ORs wounded.

pm - Evening situation, Enemy Artillery very Active.  A heavy Barrage was established on the right of our front.  Also a certain amount of Barrage on our Left Front, with rifle fire and flares indicating nervousness on the part of the Enemy.

Sat., Sep 30, 1916             RIGHT SUB SECTOR, FRONT LINE, FRANCE 

am - Situation report, wind light westerly, situation general, Fairly Active.  About 6 am the Enemy attacked our advance post which was occupied by Capt. Kendall and two platoons of ‘C’ Coy.  Capt. Bothwell who was located further up the Trench with the remaining two Coy immediately proceeded forward to assist Capt. Kendall, with reinforcements from the Lewis Gunners, and the Bombers.  On account of the intense machine gun fire, the men withdrew to a point some distance down where the M.G. fire did not seem to register.  A block was immediately put in Trench, and bombed part to protect party.  At this time the remaining machine guns were out of action, also stock of bombs getting low.  Additional reinforcements were sent up.  This party suffered many casualties in crossing intervening space which was heavily barraged by Enemy’s fire.  During the day the position we held was severely shelled by the Enemy and in many instances our own artillery fire fell short with the result that many casualties were inflicted from both lines…. A counter attack by our Battn. Bombers, with the aid of Lewis Gunners was delivered at 7:15 pm.  The Bombing party proceeding up the Trench supported by MG fire, drove the Enemy out.  The raiding party accounted for many Germans, as well, capturing a few prisoners.  Our casualties till noon, 1 officer Capt. [Ernest ] Kendall killed, 3 ORs killed, 26 ORs wounded.

pm  the whole of the east trench was retaken by raiding party, and manned again, being turned over to relieving Battn. 5th CMRs at 11:50 pm. Owing to the intense shelling during the day, and the fact that nearly all our NCOs of ‘C’ Coy. were casualties, it was a task of some difficulty to keep up the spirits of the men and rally them for the attack, however it was successfully accomplished.

The 5th C.M.R. Battn. Relieved 1st CMR Battn in the Right Sub Sector, completion of relief 12:35 am  Coys moved off to chalk pits, independently, remaining at latter place in Bde Reserve…

[106496 Corporal George Arthur Prizeman, Sep 30th]


War Diary of

1st Canadian Mounted Rifle Battalion, 3rd Canadian Division

from 1st October to 31st October 1916

Volume 14

 

Sun., Oct 1st 1916   In Field

Battalion in Bgde. Reserve at CHALK PITS.

PM.  ‘A’ Company proceeded to ZERO Trench.  On arrival there O.C. reported to O.C. 5th C.M.R. Bn, receiving Orders to

Bomb out allotted Section of REGINA TRENCH, which they did.  Company consisted of 5 officers and 128 ORs. 

Proceeding up Trench casualties were inflicted due to Enemy Machine Gun Fire.  On arriving at part of Trench detailed to 

Bomb out they immediately delivered supply of Bombs which each man carried.  Their own supply of Bombs being expended

they used what German Bombs were found in the Trench.  Bomb supplies being then exhausted, Company retired, secured

a further supply of Bombs and immediately returned to the attack and endeavored to increase the Frontage already

gained…  Owing to the enemy receiving heavy re-inforcements our men were forced to retire.  Prisoners, 2 Officer and 14O

ORs sent to rear under escort.

Our losses, 1 Officer missing, 1 Officer wounded, 40 ORs missing, and 13 ORs wounded.

 

Mon., Oct 2nd, 1916            In Field                              ALBERT, FRANCE

pm  Battn. relieved in CHALK PITS by 44th 42nd Can. Bn. Coys marched off independently to TARA HILL.  Relief complete

about 5pm.

7pm  A party consisting of one Officer and 40 ORs were detailed to report at 5th CMR H.Qs.  This party being used for 

carrying out wounded and burying dead.

Another party of 1 Officer and 50 ORs were detailed for working party to report at KAY DUMP.

On arrival of Bttn at TARA HILL word was rec’d to proceed on to ALBERT where Billets were located for the night.  Arriving at

ALBERT at 11pm.

 

Tues., Oct 3rd,1916                                                                          ALBERT, FRANCE                                                                           

2pm  Bttn. moved to RUE MORDEUIL, ALBERT.

10 ORs detailed for Salvage, Burial party etc. to report at KAY DUMP 7pm.

pm  68 ORs arrived as reinforcements from 3rd Entrenching Bttn.

 

Weds., Oct 4th,1916            In Field

am.  Reveille  6am

        Orderly Room 9am

        Sick parade    9am

1 Officer and 11 ORs proceeded to LANCHES for Bombing Course.

Working party of 8 Officers and 400 ORs reported to Lieut. Smith C.E. to be employed burying cable.

1 OR proceeded to Can. Corps Bombing School LG Instructor.

2 ORs     “            “   ESTAPLES for Lewis Gun Course

1 N.C.O.  “            “  HAVRE for permanent duty as Instructor.

2 ORs Returned from taking Lewis Gun Course at ESTAPLES.

 

Thurs., Oct 5th,1916 In Field

6am  Reveille

9am  Orderly room

9am  Sick parade

2 ORs proceeded to CALAIS to accompany #463558 Pte. Townsend H. R. (Absentee) back to his Unit.

2 ORs proceeded to 8th Can. T.M. Btty. for duty.

A working party of 2 Officers and 108 ORs reported to Lt. Harvey for work on OVILLERS ROAD from 8am to 2pm.

1 Officer and 15 ORs returned from Bombing Course at LANCHES.

Lt. Col. R. C. Andros returned from LEAVE.

 

Fri., Oct 6th,1916 In Field

am  Reveille 6am

2 ORs proceeded to ESTAPELS for Lewis Gun course.

Baths at RUE DE CORBIE were allotted this Bttn.

 

Sat., Oct 7th,1916 In Field

6am  Reveille

6.15  Roll Call

6.30  Fast Inspection

9am  Orderly Room

         Sick Parade

A working party of 2 officers and109 ORs reported to Lieut Harvey for work on OVILLERS COURCELETTE ROAD

from 2pm

to 8pm

noon  The enemy shelled ALBERT, 7 shells dropped, 6 duds, one exploded causing 3 casualties in this Bn.  1 OR

killed, 2 

ORs wounded.

pm  Bttn. Prepared for to proceed to TARA HILL.

 

Sun., Oct 8th,1916 In Field

am  8am.  Bttn. Formed up on St. in front of Bttn H.Qs and proceeded by march route to TARA HILL.  Battn. remained

here in

Reserve, balance of day.

2 ORs proceed to T.M.B. for duty

1 OR proceeded to HAVRE for course in Transport work etc.

1 OR returned from duty at 3rd Div. Bombing School.

 

Mon., Oct 9th, 1916 In Field

3p.m.  In accordance with 8th Can. Inf. Bde. O.O.55 moved forward to the Front Line taking over the LEFT sub-sector.  Relief

completed at 9.pm.

Major J. P. French proceeded on Leave to England.

    “    W. B. Caswell returned from      “

4 ORs employed as Instructors at Div. Bombing School, returned to duty.

1 Officer and 10 ORs returned from course at LANCHES Bombing School.

 

Tues., Oct 10th, 1916          In Field

AM.  Morning situation report.  Wind Light & South Westerly.  Enemy artillery active to the Left of our position.

Enemy M.G. Fire very light, occasionally sweeping parapet.

Disposition of Bttn in front Line from Road 23 to the Jct. of KENORA Trench and up to the KENORA Trench to a block, viz. on

extreme Left      “C” Coy 3 officers   65 ORs 4-L.G.  1 Colt M.G.

Centre  ‘B’     “   4       “     120   “    2    “

RIGHT  D      “   4       “       98   “    1    “ (extended to Jct. KENORA Trench

KENORA Trench i Bombing square 1  “  and 2 Colt M.G.

In supports ‘A’ Coy SUDBURY Trench 3 officers 121 ORs & 2 platoons 2nd CMR

Casualties till noon today, 1 officer wounded, one OR killed, 13 ORs wounded including two ‘S.S.’

PM.  Situation Normal

A working party of 5 Officers and 250 men were detailed to work on Front Line under Engineers Supervision 8th F.C.E.E.

1 OR proceeded on Leave.

 

Wed., Oct 11th, 1916           In Field

4am.  Situation report, Wind Light South, Enemy artillery active on our RIGHT front, H.E. and shrapnel.

Casualties till noon today, one OR killed.  Wounded, two ORs.

4pm  Situation report, wind “S.W.”  Intermittent shelling on our Front Line and Support, considerable M.G. Fire, Enemy

Artillery damaged our trenches at the Jct of KENORA and VANCOUVER Trench, and shelling our Support Lines with H.E.  A

few casualties inflicted, also a number of men buried, a party of men immediately dug them out…

Two working parties, consisting of 1 Officer and 25 ORs (each) were to work on new Trench in Front under the supervision of

8th C.I.B. Engrs.  All available men in ‘B’ Coy were busily engaged during the greater part of the night, building up parapet

etc blown in preceeding day.

10pm  Situation Report, Wind Fresh West, shelling Intermittent, Generally quiet.

6 Officers & 27 ORs arrived from Base, reinforcements.

 

Thurs., Oct 12th, 1916         In Field

AM  Situation report, quiet, Wind Southwest..

Casualties till noon today, 1 Officer killed, 1 Officer missing, 3 Officers wounded.  ORs 5 killed, 37 ORs wounded, 6 ‘SS’

4pm  Situation report.  Wind, mild South West.  Hostile Enemy artillery active on our front and Supports, chiefly whizbangs

 and H.E.  Enemy M.G. fire also active on our front.

1 Officer reported back from Leave

1 N.C.O.     “          ”        ”        ”

 

Fri., Oct 13th, 1916  In Field

AM.  Situation normal with intermittent shelling.

All available men were detailed for working party during the night 12/13th  deepening the new Trench. Two posts were

established (Jct KENORA TRENCH) for occupation by day.

noon  Casualties till noon today  1 Officer wounded, 3 ORs killed, 17 ORs wounded including 2 “S.S.”

PM.  Situation normal with Intermittent shelling.

In accordance with 8th C.I.B. O.O.57 Bttn relieved by 4th CMR. Bn,.  Relief completed at 8.30pm.  Coys marched out

independently to ALBERT and billeted there.

 

Sat., Oct 14th,1916  In Field

AM  6am  Reveille

       6.15  Foot Inspection

Major F. G. Taylor takes over command of ‘B’ Coy  Vice Major C. D. Livingstone “Killed in Action”.  Lieut Cupwith[?] arrived

as reinforcement and takes over duties as Scout Officer  Vice Capt. Forster “Wounded”

 

Sun., Oct 15th, 1916 In Field

6 am  Reveille

6.15  Roll Call

9am  Coys engaged cleaning Billets etc.  11AM  Divine Service was held in CINEMA Hall. 

2pm  Battalion fell in, in front of Billets and proceeded by march route to WARLOY, arriving there about 3.40pm.  Battn

billeted here over night. 

1 Officer and 25 ORs proceeded to Rest Camp at AULT.

1      “       “     2    “          “            “  ESTAPLES for L.G Course.

 

Mon., Oct 16th, 1916 In field

AM  In accordance with 8th C.I.B. O.O.60 Bttn formed up outside their Billets at 940 ready to march off at 10am to FEINVILLE

AICHEUX, arriving at latter place about 1pm.  Delayed here awaiting other Battns. of the Bde.  Bn. entrained at 4.30pm,

arriving at CANDAS at 8.30pm.  Battn. billeted here.

pm  H.Qs at 155 RUE D VALHEUREUX.

19 ORs arrived from Base as re-inforcements.

 

Tues., Oct 17th, 1916 In Field

AM  Bttn. Resting.

PM  A muster parade was held at 330pm.

2 ORs returned from Lewis Gun Course at ESTAPLES.

 

Wed. Oct 18th, 1916 In Field

AM  2 ORs arrived as reinforcements.

       2    “    being transferred to 2nd Can. Inf, Bttn. proceeded to that Unit

       this AM….

Lieut. Col. R. C. Andros assumes duties as Acting Brigadier 8th Can. Inf. Bde. from this date.

Major B. Laws assumes Command of 1st CMR Bn.

 

Thurs., Oct 19th, 1916 In Field

AM  O.C. Coys and Details held an inspection of Equipment etc.

1 officer and 6 ORs proceeded to new Billeting Area, to provide Billets for Bttn, proceeding following day.

1 OR proceeded to 2nd Can. Inf. Bde. HQs. as Batman to Capt. Chivers, Vice.  Pte Cook, casualty:

2 ORs returned from MG Course at ESTAPLES

Capt Fraser having been invalided to Eng. is struck off strength accordingly

 

Fri., Oct 20th, 1916 In Field

6am  Reveille

9am  Cleaning up around Billets etc.

All Billets vacated by Battn at 930 AM.

945  As instructed in 8th C.I.B. O.O.61 Battn proceeded by march route to new Billeting area, arriving at 2.30pm.  Coys were

guided to their respective Billets.  Bttn. H.Qs situated at #22, Main Road.

Balance of day Bttn. resting.

 

Sat., Oct 21st, 1916 In Field

11.A.M.  Battn. formed up outside of Billets and proceeded to new area by way of march route, arriving at DENIER at 4pm.

Billeted here over night. 

1 OR proceeded to ESTAPLES for Lewis Gun Course.

 

Sun., Oct 22nd, 1916 In Field

AM.  In accordance with 8th C.I.B. O.O.#61 Bttn. formed up outside of Billets at 930 and at 950am continued to march route

journey to new billeting area at AGNIERES arriving at 3.30pm.  The Advance Party met the Bttn and guided them to their

respective Billets where Bttn. rested over night.

 

Mon., Oct 23rd, 1916 In Field

AM  In accordance with Instructions contained in 8th C.I.B. O.O.63 Battn. proceeded by way of march route ETRUN.  All Billets were vacated by Bttn at 9.45am.  Bttn proceeded by route march to Bttn arrived at ETRUN at noon 23rd.

 

Tues., Oct 24th, 1916 In Field

A.M.  Bttn. formed up in Front of Billets and proceeded into the Line, relieving the 2/22nd London Rgt. In the Left sub sector.

Battn marched off from ETRUN at 830AM, Relief completed at 1pm.

PM  Evening Situation, Normal.

 

 

Wed., Oct 25th, 1916 In Field

AM.  Situation Report, Wind Light S.E. Situation Normal.

Observers were unable to detect any movement etc. account poor weather conditions, Observation being very poor.  From

information to hand it is stated the Enemy has been particularly quiet for months in this Sector.  Casualties to ‘noon’ today

‘Nil’.

P.M.  Situation report. Wind Mild N. Easterly.  Situation Normal.

 

Thurs., Oct 26th , 1916 In Field

AM  Situation Normal.

Casualties to noon today “Nil”

P.M.  A carrying party of 1 NCO and 20 men were detailed to carry Stokes ammunition daily from the Base dump the Stokes

Gun emplacement.

14 ORs (casualties) reported back from the Base.

1 OR proceeded to 8th C.I.B. HQ for duty.

2 ORs        “        on Leave.

1 OR awarded 28 days F.P.No.I for while on Active Service neglecting to comply with an Order.

 

Fri., Oct 27th, 1916 In Field

AM.  Normal Situation. Wind Fresh N.W.

Casualties till noon today “Nil”.

1 OR returned from Course of Instruction at Havre.

 

Sat., Oct 28th, 1916 In Field

AM.  Situation Normal.  Wind S.E.

Noon Casualties, ‘Nil’.  Observation poor account of Weather Conditions.  A few T.M.s are thrown over occasionally, two

landed on the top of GREEN AVE T. between 6pm and 7pm and blew in about 18 or 20 ft of Trench.  In reply our S.G. Battery

immediately opened up and sent over about 40 Rds in retaliation.

PM  Evening Situation very quiet.

 

Sun., Oct 29th,1916 In Field

AM.  Situation report Normal  Wind S.E.

Two patrols of the Scout Sec. consisting of 2 men (per) left our par Trenches at 4.30AM going out in front of our posts, in front

of each Coy. in order to observe Enemys wire.  Intelligence Officer’s report sent to Bde. this date giving particulars on

condition of wire.

Working parties from all Coys were detailed for work improving Trenches and drainage etc.  Bath mats in trenches were

lifted, repaired, parapets and parades built up, and firing steps built up.

noon  Casualties till noon One OR killed, shot by Sniper.

P.M.  Situation Normal, Wind S.W.

 

Mon., Oct 30th, 1916 In Field

AM  Situation Quiet.

In accordance with 8th C.I.B. O.O. 1st CMR Bn were relieved in the Left Sub Sector by the 5th CMR Bn.  Coys on completion

of Relief to march off independently to ETRUN.  Relief completed at 2pm.

19 ORs returned to duty from Base (casualties).

The Div. Baths were allotted this Bttn.  Parties of 60 paraded to MAROEUIL every half hour for baths.  Lt. Col. R. E. Andros,

resumes Command of Bttn G.O.C. having returned to duty.

 

Tues., Oct 31st, 1916 In Field

6.30AM  Reveille

6.15        Roll Call

7  ~         Breakfast

Lt. A. H. LETCHFORD arrived from Base as Reinforcement.

A working party of 2 NCOs & 50 men were detailed for loading Trench Mortar Bombs at MAROEUIL.

R. C., Andros, Lt. Col.

O. C. 1st CMR Bn.

________________________________________________________________________________________________

War Diary of

1st Canadian Mounted Rifle Battalion, 3rd Canadian Division

from 1st November to 30st November 1916

Volume 15

Wed., Nov 1, 1916      In Field     ETRUN, FRANCE

6:30 Revelle

6.15 Roll Call

9:00 Orderly room. Lieut. Col. R. C. Andros having returned from duty as actg. G.O.C. 8th C.I.B. resumes command of the Battalion. Alarm post. In case of alarm companies and details will fall in outside their billets in full marching order While in ETRUN bombing instruction of companies is being carried on under the instructions of Battalion Bombing Officer. One Officer proceeded to BOULOGNE for 5th course at Army School. *1OR proceeded to ETAPLES for Lewis Gun course. 2 ORs who were unsuitable for trench work proceeded to ANZIN for duty at C.E. workshop to be employed in making Bath mats etc. 1 officer returned from Sniping course at PERNES. 8 ORs returned from instructional courses at PERNES.

Thur., Nov 2, 1916      In Field     ETRUN, FRANCE

6.30 Revelle, 6:45 Roll Call, 9:00 Orderly room. Capt. C. A. Graves having been admitted to hospital Capt. A. Ross from the 9th F. A. assumes medical duties of this Battalion during formers absence. While this Battalion is in Div. Reserve ETRUN instruction in Bombing, wiring, and Bayonet Fighting is being carried on. 1 O.R. has proceeded to MAROEUIL for duty with the Town Major. Capt. W. L. Roblin P.M. has proceeded on leave to England from this date. 5 ORs have proceeded on leave to England.

Fri., Nov 3, 1916      In Field     ETRUN, FRANCE

6.30 Revelle 6.45 Roll Call 9.00 Orderly room The Bttn. attended Divine Service at 8.30am at the Seminary 27 RUE SEMENAIRE, ETRUN. A voluntary Communion Service was held immediately parade was dismissed. 930 to 1130 The Scout Sec. consisting of 30 men were instructed in Scouting. Lectures etc. were given by our Scout Officer. 2 to 4pm Bomb throwing was carried on throughout the day with Live Bombs by Bttn. and Coy. Bombers. Instructions were also given re handling of Live Bombs etc. The work was conducted under the supervision of Bttn. Bombing Officer. The Lewis Gunners practiced shooting at the Temp. ranges during the day. 5 ORs were detailed for permanent guard at ETRUN. Lt. Col. R. C. Andros has this day been admitted to 8th F.A. having contracted a slight attack of influenza. (106281 Cpl Hepburn, Servant, accompanied Col. Andros.)

Sat., Nov 4, 1916      In Field     ETRUN, FRANCE

6.30 Reveille 6.45 Roll Call 9.00 Orderly room

9AM. Each Coy detailed 4 men who reported at Practice Trenches for course in wiring. The Bttn. Scouts were given the day for instructions in Bombing. During the day they practiced Bomb throwing with Live Bombs. The Bttn. Bombers were engaged in the afternoon. Drilling in bombing out of Trenches etc. with use of Dummy Bombs. Capt. C. A. Graves returned from hospital and assumed duty as M.O. Capt. A. Ross returns to 9th F.A. to his former duties. 10 ORs who were wounded during our recent engagement at the SOMME returned to the Unit today from HOSPITAL HAVRE. The recommendations submitted for the reward of the M. M. for 4 ORs of the Signal Sec, for their good work during our expedition at the SOMME, were approved and this evening the Boys gathered in the Orderly Room where they were decorated and presented with the honor by the C. O. Major B. Laws. Ptes. Young, Diggle and Corporal McKinnon were present and also received the Honors & Decorations for their valuable assistance etc. at MOUQUET FARM on Sept 15/16…

Sun., Nov 5, 1916      In field     R.2 FRONT LINE, FRANCE

A.M. In accordance with 8th Can. Inf. Bde. O.O.65 of the 4th inst. the Bttn formed up outside of their Billets at 7.00am read to move off at 7.15. At fixed time Bttn. proceeded up the Line at intervals of 3 mins. between platoons to relieve the 5th C.M.R. Bn. in the Front Line. On arrival at Front Line the Coys were distributed viz. A Coy. on the right, B Coy. centre, D Coy. on the left, ‘C’ Coy in Supports. Relief Complete at Observation of Enemy Line etc. poor. Enemy artillery very quiet, also Rifle and Machine Gun Fire. A few Trench Mortars were thrown over around Crater 500 from the German Line to which we replied with Stokes Guns. At 11pm a patrol of 4 men from the Scout Section left Sap 32A for the purpose of visiting Saps 29 and 30. On arrival there they found craters unoccupied. However on attempting to enter thereto Enemy spotted patrol and opened up with numerous Flares and rifle fire. Patrol returned at 1.30AM. No Enemy Patrols encountered. Casualties ‘Nil’. A Second patrol in charge of Scout Officer G. P. W eir left Sap 30A visiting Craters 25, 26, 27 & 22, returning to Trenches at 3.30AM. An Enemy L.P is suspected behind Crater 21 but apparently not crater is unoccupied. The night was too dark for accurate observation. All enemy Flares except from LPs came from their front line. Casualties “Nil”.

Mon., Nov 6, 1916      In Field     R.2 FRONT LINE, FRANCE

AM. Observation good. Enemy artillery very quiet, M.G. fire very little. Enemy put 8 shrapnel and 47 percussion TMs in our line, along GREEN AVE and COLLECTEUR and Crater 500. No damage done, one direct hit was made on COLLECTEUR Trench. Our 4.2 How’s and 18 Pdrs. immediately retaliated, also S.G. and heavy Trench Mortars. The shooting was very effective, damaging Enemys line and Wire. Our Fire appeared to worry the Enemy and he made a very feeble effort to stop it. Two Snipers were out during the day and obtained no results. Signalling with Lights has been observed for the past two nights from a point South of  MOUNT ST. ELOY towards the Enemys Lines. Scout Officer observed signalling from Sap 33 about 8pm. Aircraft. Between 3.30pm and 11.10pm an Enemy plane, which was flying very high, passed over “No Man’s“ Land and circled around over Enemys lines. This machine dropped a signal with 3 Stars over THELUS. Again at about 4.30pm evidently this same machine flew over our Line at approximately 1500 ft. A Machine Gun on our left fired several rounds, otherwise was not bothered. At 11.15pm a British Battle plane was seen to pass from Enemys Lines. It was followed by Hostile Search Lights which did not appear to locate it. An Enemy patrol of four men were located in front of Sap 32C. They were driven off by machine gun and rifle fire. One of our own patrols were then sent out to investigate Sap 32C. On arriving back back they reported no signs of Enemy in or about Sap. No flares were seen along this part of the Line prior to 11pm, after that time a few were seen to be shot up from this point. A working party consisting of Four Huns were observed at A.6.C.5.9 and immediately reported to F.O.O. who fired dispersing the party. Several Red Cross cars were also seen moving along road running S.E. from THELUS thru out the day. Lieut. T. C. Wilson, Transport Officer, was admitted to the A.D.M.S. on account of defective eyes. 1 OR detailed for Cook at Bombing School ETRUN proceed there for work. 2 ORs proceeded to CLARQUES for a 12 day course at First Army school in Light Trench Mortars. 1 OR was transferred from this Unit to 2 Coy. Div Engrs. p nd roceeding thereto today.

Tue., Nov 7, 1916      In Field     R.2 FRONT LINE, FRANCE

AM Situation normal. Hostile T.M. active. About 36 rds. Medium T. M. landed around Crater 500, and a few rds Heavy dropped in CARP AVE doing no damage. Our T.M. Stokes and 2” replied in good style along German front line. At 2.30am Enemy machine gun swept our parapet. Our L.Gs fired on Enemys Gaps in their wire throughout the night. 4.30 A party consisting of 5 Germans with Rifles were seen creeping up to Sap 500 in single file, they gathered in a Body, then returned towards our Bombing post at the end of the Tunnell to the right of the Crater. As soon as they got within reasonable distance of our Bombers, who were anxiously waiting, they opened on them with MILLS’. By the time 7 Bombs were thrown the Hostile patrol had dispersed in the direction of their own Lines. They managed to get away without any Casualties and in the midst of the excitement omitted to use the rifles they were carrying, nor did they in return throw any Bombs. Casualties “Nil”, til noon. 3 ORs returned from Base as reinforcements, previously being Casualties.

Wed., Nov 8, 1916      In Field      R.2 FRONT LINE, FRANCE

Situation normal. Our artillery was very active East of Thelus and behind ridge opposite our front. 2-9AM Enemys T.M(light) The enemy put 28 light trench mortars in our front line centre and left companies also 23 medium T.Ms in our support evidently trying for Machine Gun emplacements. No direct hits were made on trenches. Our Stokes guns retaliated Then was very little machine gun fire. Sniping Nil. During the afternoon troops were observed passing through THELUS going S.E. by the sunken road also a horse and cart was observed going the same way at 3.00 P.M. An enemy patrol of 3 men approached our post in Sap 30A in our centre Company. We opened fire on them with machine gun and believe all were casualtys. Our left company sent out patrols at 5:AM, 10:PM, 12 midnight and again at 4AM but no enemy patrols seen. An enemy machine gun was located by our observers at A.17.b.6-1/2.2-1/2 and reported to F.O.O The enemy have established a permanent post in CRATER 21 and have wired the forward lip (between 21 & 22) and have good command of this CRATER from our Sap 30A A very few flares were sent up by the enemy during the night. Major B. Laws proceed to England on Leave. Major G. B. Bradbrook assumes command of the Battalion. 2 ORs have proceeded to England on Leave. Major J. P. French and Lieut J. Foster have returned of Leave this date.

Thu., Nov 9, 1916      In Field     R.2 FRONT LINE, FRANCE

Observation by day and night good. At 10:00AM the Enemy fired 6 rounds 7.7s in Right Company and 6 rds in rear of ECURIE. Our artillery was very active firing on enemy works in THELUS and to the rear of the town. Between 10:pm and midnight we bombarded the enemys lines but they did not retaliate. The enemy fired 30 tds Medium T.M. during the day around 500 CRATER doing very little damage. he also threw about 10 Rds in our Centre Support 3 direct hits being made damaging one dugout. Our 2 in. and Stokes were active on enemys Front line. Enemy rifle and Machine Gun fire active on our right, our fire was very irregular. Enemy sniping Nil. We had two snipers out but nothing was seen. We observed an enemy working party on the left of old mill at 8AM they were shelled by our artillery, also 2 men were seen running for cover at 12.30pm when our artillery were shelling THELUS. A patrol of 3 men from the right company and worked from Sap 25 to forward leg of Crater No. 12 Talking could be heard in enemy lines but no unusual noises. Enemy. The enemy M.Gs were very active while Patrol was out. Three enemy planes were over our lines between 9:15 and 10:45AM they were fired on by our AA Guns and retired behind their own lines Our planes were very active all day being from 3 to 17 up over our own and the enemys lines they were fired on by enemy AA Guns and Machine Guns. Our planes f flew over THELUS and heavy cloud of smoke appeared suddenly E of FARBUS WOOD. Noon casualty – NIL.

Fri., Nov 10, 1916      In Field     R.2 FRONT LINE, FRANCE

Situation normal. Observation by Day and Night Fair. Our artillery active they worked with areal observation. The enemy T.Ms very active all day but no damage see done. Our An Enemy patrol of 3 men were seen noticed at midnight. They were fired at by our M.G. A small enemy working party were seen at A.6.d but owing to fog we could not complete observation. A patrol of 2 men left our Sap 30B and visited Craters 25, 26, & 27. enemy were heard repairing the front line, returned 1230am by Sap 31A.

Sat., Nov 11, 1916      In Field    

The Battalion was relieved by the 5th C.M.R. the 1st C.M.R. Battalion going back to Brigade

Support and the 5th C.M.R. to R.2 Front Line. Noon Casualty – NIL.

Sun., Nov 12, 1916      In Field

Battalion in Brigade Support.

Mon., Nov 13, 1916      In Field

1 OR returned from Lewis Gun course 4 ORs returned from Leave this date. Lieut. John Sproat Hewetson and 35 ORs have arrived as reinforcements from the Base.

Tue., Nov 14, 1916      In Field

Battalion in Brigade Support. Capt. A. E. Bloomfield has this day proceeded to England on Leave. Lieut. J. O’Regan has returned to duty from the Base.

Wed., Nov 15, 1916      In Field

Battalion in Brigade Support. 5 ORs have proceeded to Dump C for tramway construction duty Capt. F. I. Simpson and 2 ORs have returned from course at PERNES.

Thu., Nov 16, 1916      In Field

Battalion in Brigade Support. 6 OR have proceeded on Leave to England.Capt. W. L. Roblin has this day returned to duty from Leave.

Fri., Nov 17, 1916      In Field     R.2 FRONT LINE, FRANCE

The Battalion relief took place today. The 1st C.M.R. Battn were relieved by the 4th C.M.R. Bn.from their position in Brigade Support on being relieved companies proceeded to their new positions in R.2 where they relieved the 5th C.M.R. who proceeded back to Divisional Reserve ETRUN.

Sat., Nov 15, 1916      In Field     R.2 FRONT LINE, FRANCE

Situation normal. The enemy fired about 12 Rds. H.E. in ECURIE. Our artillery active on enemys front line & Supports. Our T.Ms very active opposite 500 CRATER many direct hits being made large pieces of timber were thrown in the air. One enemy sniper during the afternoon was firing on Junction Saps 30A and 30X. W e had two snipers out but no hits were reported 1A.M 1 Officer and 2 men left Sap 22B went to CRATER 33 which was found to be unoccupied and unwired_. enemy could be hear working in their front line. No other activity was seen or heard. 2 ORs have this day returned from command. One OR returned from Leave.

Sun., Nov 19, 1916      In Field     R.2 FRONT LINE, FRANCE

The enemy trench mortar was fairly active 3 direct hits being made on SUTHERLAND between Grand COLLECTUEUR and CARP. Rifle Grenades were fired in our Sap 33. Our Stokes guns fired about 40 rounds with good effect. A Hostile working Party were observed at THELUS MILL. Our 60 po pound Battery fired 10 rounds and dispersed the party in confusion. Weather very unfavorable for patrolling. A patrol of 2 men were out, with no results.

Mon., Nov 20, 1916      In Field     R.2 FRONT LINE, FRANCE

Situation Normal. Our artillery active on enemy front Line, THELUS and works to the rear, many direct hits being made. At 9:00A.M the enemy fired Rifle Grenades at 500 CRATER. They were silenced by our Stokes guns. Our snipers were fairly active 4 men were out they fired on suspected O.P. in enemys lines but were unable to observe r4esults. Patroling parties went out Saps 32B, 31A at the following hours 6:P.M. 1A.M. 1.A.M. to locate an enemys O.P but owing to the weather condition were unable to do so. they reported our wire in front of Sap 31A in good shape. No hostile planes observed, 3 of our planes were over the enemy lines 2:00 and 4:30pm. They were fired on by M.G.s and AA GUNS without affect. An enemy M.G. in the vicinity of CRATER 19 and 11 has been troublesome owing to our inability to observe from the flashes it is difficult to get the map location. Lieut L. V. Gray, Lieut. T. Kennedy and 4 ORs have proceeded to HERMAVILLE for Gen’l course. 2 ORs have proceeded to CLARQUES for Light Trench Mortar course. Lieut. J. S. Hewetson and one OR have proceeded to BARLIN for snipers course. 4 ORs have proceeded to the 8 Bde. Machine Gun Coy. for instructional th purpose. Lieut. F. A. Ney and 3 OR have proceeded to England on Leave. 2 ORs have returned from Leave.

Tue., Nov 21, 1916      In Field     R.2 FRONT LINE, FRANCE

Situation Normal. Observation by day & night good. Between 12.30 and 1:30 A.M our artillery in conjunction with the guns on our right shelled the hostile line very heavily. The enemy retaliated with H.E. and shrapnel. he appears to have a 7.7 Bat’y registering on Sap 30B. before his artillery opened fire a Red Rocket which broke into 3 stars was sent up during the firing two green rockets were sent up and when they ceased to fire one plain rocket with a 7 star tail was was sent up we had 4 slight casualties. At 11.10 P.M. our M. Guns dispersed an enemy working party. A hostile plane passed over our lines at 8:15 going South and at 3.45pm 2 enemy planes attempted to cross our lines but were driven back by our AA Guns. A patrol consisting of Capt. Simpson an C.S.M. Laidlaw and two scouts went out at 10.30AM the patrol followed an old trench which crossed the LILLE ROAD and at a point where there is an old dugout and on fairly high ground they posted two snipers here then advanced along Sap E where the 2 scouts were left. they then crawled over the edge of the CRATER which was wired in places; they managed to get up to the lip of the crater which is heavily wired. they found a loopholed steel plate machine gun emplacement. Capt. Simpson placed his periscope over the lip and was able to see a dugout in the German parados facing South. A German was seen passing the dugout going west in the trench. Capt. Simpson was within 15 feet of the man the patrol then returned. Major B. Laws returned from Leave this date.

Wed., Nov 22, 1916      In Field     R.2 FRONT LINE, FRANCE

Situation Normal Our artillery and T.M. fairly active, our Lewis Gun dispersed an enemy working Party at 10.00P.M in front of the Right Company. One hostile plane crossed over our front line going S. at 2.10pm Our planes were active all day. Patrols went out from Saps 30A, 30X, 28 but nothing unusual happened. One OR proceeded to HERMANVILLE as instructor at 4 Div. Training School. Two ORs have returned from T.M. course at CLARQUES. 35 OR have arrived from the Base as reinforcements.

Thu., Nov 23, 1916      In Field     ETRUN, FRANCE

Situation normal. A patrol of 1 officer 1 NC.O. 5 scouts and 2 bombers with the object of discovering the condition of enemy wire to the N of Crater 33 also to find out if the enemy front line was held at this point. they left from Sap 32B and worked along sap running N.E. to the old French trench this sap is very narrow and in good condition and filled with concertina wire, we then marched through his wire N of Crater 33 his wire is in bunches and appears to be unfinished laughing and talking could be heard from enemys Front line. We were observed by sentry they then opened fire with Rifle and M. Guns the patrol returned at 5A.M. Battalion relief took place today the 1 CMR were r st elieved from their position in R.2 by the 5th C.M. R. Bn. The 1st CMR proceeding to Div’n Reserve at ETRUN.

Fri., Nov 24, 1916      In Field     ETRUN, FRANCE

Battalion in Divisional Reserve ETRUN. The Divisional Baths MAROEUIL was allotted this Battalion today. Lieut. Cyril Geoffrey Lloyd having arrived from England is taken on the strength of this Battn from Nov 19/16. Lieut. J. O’Regan proceeded to ABBEVILLE yesterday for Transport Course. 1 OR arrived from the 8th F.A. and is attached to the water detail.

Sat., Nov 25, 1916      In Field     ETRUN, FRANCE

Battalion in Divisional Reserve ETRUN: Instructions in the handling and throwing of live bombs under the instruction of  Lieut. H. D. Williamson at the Bde. Bombing school. Lieut. E. G. S. Greenwood and 3 ORs have proceeded Can Corps Training School PERNES 1 one OR returned from Eng. on Leave this date.

Sun., Nov 26, 1916      In Field      ETRUN, FRANCE

Battalion in Div. Reserve Etrun. Divine Service was held at 10AM RUE de SEMENIAR also mass for R. C. was held at 9AM at the parish church ETRUN. A MUSTER PARADE was held at 2.pm by the battalion in the field opposite Battn H.Qs after passing P.M. rifles were inspected by ARMOUR SGT. Lieut. L. V. Gray And servant have returned from Div. School HERMAVILLE. One OR has proceeded to LE TOUQUET for Lewis Gun course.

Mon., Nov 27, 1916      In Field     ETRUN, FRANCE

Battalion in Div. Reserve ETRUN. Companies proceeded independently to ECROIVERS for the new box respirators. during the afternoon A and B Coys Battn Bombers proceeded to Bde. Bombing school for instructions in working and blocking trenches. Major Walter Edward Maxfield having arrived from England is taken on the Strength and attached temporarily to A. Coy.

Tue., Nov 28, 1916      In Field     ETRUN, FRANCE

Battalion in Div. Reserve Etrun. Cap. W. J. Bowdriage[?] has this day proceeded to England on Leave. 3 ORs has this day proceeded on leave. 2 OR have proceeded to 8 Can. Trench th Mortar Battery for duty. 2 OR have this day returned from command.

Wed., Nov 29, 1916      In Field     R.2 FRONT LINE, FRANCE

In accordance with 8th C.I.B. O. O. 68 the 1st C.MR. Battalion will relieve the 5th C.MR Battn in R.2 today. Companies moved off independently A. Coy leaving at 8A.M the remaining Coy’s following at 10 minute intervals 3 ORs proceeded on Leave this date. 1 OR returned from Leave.

Thu., Nov 30, 1916      In Field     R.2 FRONT LINE, FRANCE

At 12 noon today General Byng presented M. M. ribbons to the recipients of decorations in this Brigade. The parade was formed up in the field at L.3.C.4.0 6 ORs of this unit were present and received the M. M. Ribbon 3 ORs proceeded to England on Leave. 3 ORs returned from Leave. 4 ORs returned from Hospital BASE previously wounded at the Somme.

Burnett Laws, Major

Commanding 1st C.M.R. Bn


War Diary of

1 Canadian Mount st ed Rifle Battalion, 3rd Canadian Division

from 1st December to 31st December 1916

Volume 16

Fri., Dec 1, 1916      In Field  FRONT LINE SUBSECTION R.2., FRANCE

Battalion in front Line Subsection R.2. enemy T.M. fairly active, no direct hits were made. Sniping active one of our scouts claims a hit at Crater 19. A patrol of 3 scouts left Sap 30A to Crater 27. A large enemy working Party was heard E of Crater 27. Our patrol was observed and were bombarded with flares. they returned by Crater 26 and reported to artillery at 10.45 P.M. an enemy working Party working on his wire was dispersed by our Stokes guns. Casualties to noon today 2 ORs killed.

Sat., Dec 2, 1916      In Field  FRONT LINE SUBSECTION R.2., FRANCE

Enemy TM very active one direct hit on our MG emplacement in Sap 30A enemy snipers very active our snipers claim one hit owing to fog we were unable to observe. Lieut S. W. Abott have returned from Div School HERMAVILLE. Capt. F. I. Simpson has this day proceeded to England on Leave. one OR has returned from duty at 3 Can. Div Train. 1 OR returned from Leave. Auth. D.R.O.1267 Dec 2-16. Capt. G. H. Bradbrook to be major, vice Major F. Palmer (missing) June 2th, Lieut. F. A. Ney to be Capt., vice Capt. (A Maj.) C. D. Livingstone (killed) Oct 11th, Lieut. J. P. French to be Capt, vice Capt E. Kendall (killed) Sept 30/16. Casualties to noon today 2 ORs killed.

Sun., Dec 3, 1916      In the Field  FRONT LINE SUBSECTION R.2., FRANCE

owing to fog observation poor. enemy T.M. active on our centre we retaliated with Stokes and R.9s enemy rifle grenades very active. At 1:15pm when fog lifted an enemy working was observed at A22.b2.6 they were fired on by our L Gs.

Mon., Dec 4, 1916      In the Field  FRONT LINE SUBSECTION R.2., FRANCE

Enemy fired 25 aerial torpedos at M33 no hits reported. we replied with Stokes and R.Gs. enemy snipers very active wounding one of our men. A patrol of one officer and 20ORs went out Sap 30A, inspected hostile wire which is very thick and heavily staked, red insolated cable was seen in front of enemy wire crossing Sap G. Lieut. A. E. Smith has returned from General course at BOULOGNE. 5 OR have returned from courses. Casualties to noon 1 OR wounded

Tue., Dec 5, 1916      In the Field   FRANCE

Battalion relief took place today. the 5th CMRs relieved the 1 CMRs in R.2 the 1st CMRs going back to Bde Support. Lieut . E. MacGachen and one OR have proceeded to BOULOGNE for General Course. one OR selected for 8th Can. Inf. Bde. as observer. Lieut. J. S. Hewetson has returned from Snipers Course BARLIN. 10 Ors have arrived from Base as reinforcements.

Wed., Dec 6, 1916      In the Field

Battalion in Bde. Support. Bathing PARADE ANZIN. parties of 30 men were paraded to ANZIN every hour throughout the day for Baths. 2 ORs have proceeded to HOUDAIN for course in Visual Signalling. one OR has proceeded to BERQUETTE for T.M course. Pte. J. R. Campbell No.187218 reported wounded on 4/12/16 now reported died of wounds at Clearing Station AUBIGNY. Capt. Ney has returned from Eng. from Leave.

Thu., Dec 7, 1916      In the Field

Battalion in Bde. Support. Bathing Parades to ANZIN for balance of Battalion. one OR has proceeded to 3 Div Post Office AUBIGNY for duties rd as postal Orderly. Capt. F. A,. Ney has taken over duties as actg. Town Major MAROEUIL.

Fri., Dec 8, 1916     In the Field

Battalion in Bde. Support. Capt. C. A. Graves has this day proceeded to England on Leave. Capt. C. R. Walsh of the 10th Field Ambulance assumes duties of Medical Officer of this battalion during the absence of Capt. Graves.

Sat., Dec 9, 1916      In Field

Battalion in Bde. Support. at 9 P.M. a patrol consisting of Lieut. Painter and 5 ORs left Sap 30X. Craters 20A, 20 and 21 were all examined and found empty. Movements were seen on northern lip of Crater 21. 5 ORs have proceeded to 8th Can. Inf. Bde. for Bde. Wiring. 1 OR has proceeded to MAROEUIL for work in the Engineers Yard.

Sun., Dec 10, 1916      In Field

A patrol of consisting of Lieut. Matheson and 1 scout passed the south of Crater 23 to the N.E. lip of 22 where they were seen and driven back by the enemy. Lieut W., Englis, Lieut J. Forster and servants have proceeded to Div. School HERMAVILLE for a one week General Course.

Mon., Dec 11, 1916      In Field  FRONT LINE SUBSECTION R.2., FRANCE

In accordance with 8th Can Inf Bde O.O. 68 reliefs took place today. 1st CMR Bn were to be relieved by the 4 CMR in Bde Support. on being relieved companies proceeded independently to their new position in R.2 where they relieved the 5th CMR Batt’n. 3 hostile planes crossed over our lines between 9: and 11:30 A.M. they were attacked by our planes and two of the enemy brought down, the other was driven off. our planes were very active through out the day. Lieut. W. Englis & Lieut. J. Foster have proceeded to HERMAVILLE for course at Div. School. 4 ORs have proceeded to England on Leave. Casualties one OR wounded by shrapnel

Tue., Dec 12, 1916      In Field  FRONT LINE SUBSECTION R.2., FRANCE

Enemy artillery very active firing 5.9 in rear of our support and into ECURIE. our artillery was very active on Enemy front line and Support. Patrols of from 4 men to officers and 8 men were out but owing to the bright moon light were obliged to return. 52nd Battalion on our left 2nd CMR on our right flanks.

Wed., Dec 13, 1916      In Field  FRONT LINE SUBSECTION R.2., FRANCE

Enemy artillery fairly active on our supports but no damage done. Our artillery very active on hostile front line and supports at 8:30 A.M an enemy working party was observed to right of THELUS MILL our artillery were notified who fired dispersing the party. A patrol of one officer and 2 Ors examined Carter 23 and saps leading to Crater 20 and 20A. No hostile patrols seen and enemy quite. Capt. S. Bothwell and 3 ORs have proceeded to England on leave. One OR returned from Leave.

Thu., Dec 14, 1916      In Field  FRONT LINE SUBSECTION R.2., FRANCE

Enemy artillery very active on Bonnal AVE. knocking in our parapet: several shells were fired into ECURIE. ENEMY T.M fairly active dropping several around BONNAL NEAR GREEN. AVE our Stokes 2” were registering on ENEMY wire. Enemy snipers NIL. our snipers were fairly active claiming one hit. 9.P.M. patrol left Sap 28 through Crater 12 and 19 situation was normal. patrol returned 11:P.M 12:midnight. a patrol of 2 ORs left Sap 29 to old block in disused trench near Crater 19. they Also examined Crater 20A, 20 and were found unoccupied. Lieut. J. A. Bethune having arrived from Eng. is taken on strength. 4 OR have proceeded to England on Leave. 4 ORs returned from leave.

Fri., Dec 15, 1916      In Field  FRONT LINE SUBSECTION R.2., FRANCE

Enemy shelled supports and ECURIE with 4.2 but no damage was done. our artillery active on enemy front line and Supports. Hostile T.M. quieter than usual a few rounds were fired in vicinity of GREEN AVE. And BONNAL our Stokes and 2” were active on hostile front line and wire. 52nd Batt. (9th Inf. Bde.) on our left and C.M R Bn on our right.

Sat., Dec 16, 1916      In Field  FRONT LINE SUBSECTION R.2., FRANCE

Enemy artillery and T.M. active hits being made on SUTHERLAND and BONNAL AVE. We retaliated both with field and Heavy guns. Enemy snipers active around Crater 14. Smoke was observed in large white House in THELUS and was shelled by artillery. ENEMY T.M. emplacement was shelled at 3:pm to direct hits were observed. A patrol I/C Scout McGregor cleaned all wire out of old C.T. parallel to LILLE ROAD. A patrol of Lieut Clark and 3 ORs left Sap 31A to old french Trench up Sap J. New wire has been put in this sap by enemy. They approached enemy trenches and were observed by sentry who gave the alarm. they immediately opened up with rifle and M.G. fire No bombs were thrown. Capt. F. I. Simpson has returned from leave. 106641 B. S. M. Wotherspoon J. A. has been granted a Commission as Tem. Lieut and is posted to the 1 CMR Bn.

Sun., Dec 17, 1916      In Field     Bde Reserve ETRUN, FRANCE

In accordance with 8th C.I.B. O.O.68 the 1st C.MR was relieved by the 5th C.MR in R.2 on being relieved companies and details proceeded independently to Bde Reserve ETRUN. enemy artillery fairly active making one hit on 2” T.M emplacement in MORAY AVE. 2 ORs proceeded to 8 C.I.th B. for duty, two ORs returned from leave.

Mon., Dec 18, 1916      In Field     Bde Reserve ETRUN, FRANCE

Battalion on Div. Reserve ETRUN. Lt. Col Andros having returned to duty assumed command of this Battalion from Dec. 17th. 4 OR from each Coy and 12 ORs from the band are receiving instructions in First Aid work by the M.O. Capt. Walsh: The Div. Baths MAROEUIL has been allotted to this battalion today. Lieut A. E. Smith has proceeded to Div Gas School ERVIN CAPELLE for 3 days course. Lieut. W. Englis and Lieut Foster have returned from course at Div School HERMAVILLE. 4 OR returned from Div School HERMAVILLE. 1 OR from Leave.

Tue., Dec 19, 1916      In Field     Bde Reserve ETRUN, FRANCE

Battalion in Div. Reserve ETRUN. A & C Companies paraded at Tape Trenches near St. Pol and Arras Road at 9AM, B and D “ [Companies] at 2 P.M O.C. companies carried out preliminary instruction with reference to Jumping off points, points of entrance into trenches by Parties, bombing up trenches etc. 10-11 Companies practiced going through the operation in waves. Lieut Wiliamson Act/Bde Bomb Officer instructed men in handling Stokes ammunition to bomb out Dug-outs. Lieut. J. O’Regan has returned from Transport course ABBEVILLE.

Wed., Dec 20, 1916      In Field     THE RAID

8.am Battalion proceeded by way of Buses to ANZIN, from here by march route to the Line which was held by the 5th CMR Bn. The different parties which were already divided into waves took their respective places in the Tunnels and awaited for Orders. In accordance with the Operation Order governing this “Raid” the Heavy Artillery opened up on Enemys Front and Support Line Trenches, as well the strong points, T.M. positions and M.G. Emplacements. This Bombardment lasted from 1.30pm until 2.05pm and during this time no retaliation whatever was undertaken by the Enemy. At 3.15pm our artillery barrage was ceased and M.G. fire opened on flanks. The attacking party at 3.18pm then filed out thru the Tunnels allotted to the various waves which led to “No Mans Land” and proceeded to Enemys Front Line. ‘A’ Coy. was divided into 6 parties, all parties with the exception of No. 6encountered no resistance, the 6th party however met with some opposition from hostile bombing post on Edge of Crater 19, being greeted with a few cylindrical sticks. This post was immediately routed by our men and occupants disposed of, any survivors were sent out as prisoners. 35 mins after the men had left the Jumping off Point word was recd by Runner that A Coy parties had all reached their objective, put in the required block and linked up with Coy on their left. This section of the German Front Line was almost levelled to the Ground by our artillery fire, Stokes Guns etc. What dugout entrances were exposed were bombed and set on fire by P. Bombs assisted by Mobile Charges. ‘B’ Coy which was divided into 5 parties moved from Tunnel to Crater via the old French Trench and the first wave left at zero time 3.18pm. the remaining parties prepared to follow immediately. A few mins elapsed and the first Three parties had entered the German front Line and were busily engaged at their respective tasks. No. 4 and 5 parties which consisted of carriers, stretcher bearers, etc. also reached the Line without any opposition The dugouts were bombed and set on fire causing heavy loss to the Enemy, as our men were of the opinion that there were Germans in nearly every dugout. Parties bombed along ‘N’ Trench until they had connected up with ‘C’ Coy. on the Left and ‘A’ Coy on the Right. ‘C’ Company which were all assembled in the main shaft at the Jct. Of MORAY AVE and the BONNAL TRENCH. A working party which were detailed from this Coy reported at 12.45pm that the work on digging thru from Crater 26 to Crater 27 had been completed. This tunnel allowed ‘C’C’ Company to go from the BONNOL TRENCH to a point within 50 yds. Of Fritz’s enemy line without being seen. At 2.15pm 3 snipers, a L.G. and crew were sent out to a position which was previously selected in the old FRENCH TRENCH, from this point covering party were able to sweep the Enemy Front Line parapet with Machine Gun fire and snipe any of the Enemy who made an appearance. they also covered the advance of the First Wave until it was within a few yards of the Enemy front Line. At zero time 3.18pm the parties moved off from the main shaft via the newly constructed Tunnel over “No Mans Land” to the “HUN” front line. No experience trouble was experienced proceeding thru the wire, as the wire had already been cut on the flanks the night previous and all the Stokes had been loosened, which allowed the parties to walk thru quite easily. At 3.20pm ‘C’ Coy were all in their respective places occupying the Enemy Front Line and at 3.15pm. all of their objectives had been successfully reached. ‘D’ Coy was in Support in our Front Line. Different parties were detailed from this Coy to carry ammunition, G. bombs etc. to the German Front Line during the period Battn occupied same. Coy also supplied stretcher parties to carry out the killed and wounded. At 4.26 pm the raiding party was signalled to return by Four rockets being thrown at two minute intervals. Immediately signal was noticed the attacking parties all returned to former places in our Line, later proceeding by march route to ANZIN where busses awaited which conveyed them to Rest Billets at ETRUN arriving at 7.30pm.

Total Casualties inflicted 6 ORs killed 2 ORs died of wounds 29 Ors wounded to Hospital, 5 ORs slightly wounded still at duty. Prisoners taken, Officers 2, ORs 57

Thu., Dec 21, 1916      In Field     Bde Reserve ETRUN, FRANCE

Battn. in Div. Reserve ETRUN, resting. Lieuts Shannon and Lawson joined as Reinforcements from Base. Lieut Wotherspoon and 13 ORs proceeded on Leave this date.

Genl. Lipsett congratulated the Officers and men of the Battn. on the successful raid made on the Enemys Trenches, Dec 20/16. The Battn. paraded to the Field in front of Battn. H.Qs at 1.30pm.

Fri., Dec 22, 1916      In Field     Bde Reserve ETRUN, FRANCE

The Battn. paraded to Divine Church Service in the Y.M.C.A. Etrun at 9.am. R.C. Church Service was held at 9.30am in the parish Church. 2 ORs proceed on Leave this day. Balance of day occupied by Coys and Details, inspecting Arms and Equipment, etc.

Sat., Dec 23, 1916      In Field     FRONT LINE SUBSECTION R.2., FRANCE

8am. In accordance with 8th C.I.B. O.O.68 the 1st CMR Bn relieved the 5th C.M.R. Bn in R.2. Coys moved off independently at 10 min intervals. Relief was completed about 1.30 pm.

Sun., Dec 24, 1916     In Field     FRONT LINE SUBSECTION R.2., FRANCE

4am Situation normal. Very little hostile artillery fire, our guns also quiet. Enemy thru over a few Trench Mortars around Crater 500, no damage reported. A working party was dispersed by our M.G. fire opposite Crater 500. A working party patrol of 3 men left Tunnel post at 800pm working to right, returning by Sap 32B at 10 pm. No Enemy patrols encountered, altho an Enemy working party was heard working on wire in vicinity of Crater 500.

Mon., Dec 25, 1916      In field     FRONT LINE SUBSECTION R.2., FRANCE

Morning situation report Normal. Wind Light S.W. Hostile Artillery quiet in am. During the afternoon Enemy threw over some Trench Mortars, causing 1 casualty (slightly wounded) no other damage reported. A patrol of 3 men went out from Sap 32A at 930pm returning at 11.15pm. No enemy patrol encountered.

Tue., Dec 26, 1916      In Field     FRONT LINE SUBSECTION R.2., FRANCE

4am. Morning Situation Normal. Wind S.West. Enemy Artillery Quiet. Our Artillery active, also Trench Mortars kept firing throughout the day on Enemy’s Front and Support Line Trenches. Casualties to noon “Nil”. During the afternoon Enemy fired several Trench Mortars in and around Crater 500 No damage reported. 25 ORs proceeded on special Leave which was allotted Battn. as result of successful raid which was carried out on 20/inst. 1 OR returned from Leave.

Wed., Dec 27, 1916      In Field     FRONT LINE SUBSECTION R.2., FRANCE

4.00 Situation quiet. Observation Good by Day. Hostile Artillery quiet. Our artillery active all day firing on Enemy Front Line and Support Trenches and other targets. In retaliation to our artillery Enemy Bombed Crater 500 very vigorously about 4pm. No damage done. Our T.M.s very active all day on Enemy Front Line. Casualties till noon “Nil”. 3 ORs proceed on Command today. 2 officers and 5 ORs proceeded on Leave today.

Thu., Dec 28, 1916      In Field     FRONT LINE SUBSECTION R.2., FRANCE

4.00 Situation very quiet. Enemy artillery very quiet all day. Our artillery and TMs fired throughout the day. Casualties till noon nil 1 OR wounded. At 9pm a patrol of 3 men left Sap 32A working thru old French Trench and saps running towards our front Line. No Enemy patrol encountered. A working party of the Enemy were heard on our right. Patrol returned at 11 pm: 4 ORs proceeded on Leave today.

Fri., Dec 29, 1916      In Field

AM 5th C.M.R. Battn. relieved 1st CMR in the Front Line R.2, 1st CMR Battn. moving back to Bde. Reserve. Casualties till noon ‘Nil’.

Sat., Dec 30, 1916      In Field

Battalion in Bde. Reserve. 5 ORs returned from Leave today. Major C. D. Roblin and Major Wm. Stewart Wallace reported to unit today from England are attached to Battn. For Instructional purposes.

Sun., Dec 31, 1916      In Field

Battalion in Bde. Reserve. 4am. Morning situation quiet. The Enemy shelled our Trenches today, inflicting several casualties and causing much damage to Tunnels, saps & trenches. Owing to the poor condition of Trenches and result of shell fire, 6 ORs were buried and reported missing believed killed, 8 others wounded. Total Casualties, 2 ORs killed, 6 ORs missing believed killed, and 8 ORs wounded.

Burnett Laws, Major

O.C. 1st C.M.R. Bn.


1917

 

1st Canadian Mounted Rifle Battalion, 3rd Canadian Division

from 1st January to 31st January 1917

Volume 17

Mon., Jan 1, 1917     In Field

Battn in Bde Reserve. A working party of 43 ORs were attached to work on the PETIT GRAND COLLECTOR Trench. Party worked under the supervision of the Engrs in building parados, pumping the water out by the use of slush pumps in order to keep gangway clear. Trenches in very poor condition. Majors Roblin & Walace reported from England are attached to unit for Instructional purposes. Lt. Col. R. C. Andros proceeded to Can. Corps today on duty. Major B. Laws assumed command of the Bttn.

Tue., Jan 2, 1917      In Field

Working parties were busily engaged in clearing out the trenches etc. 60 ORs were engaged from 9AM to 2pm, building up parados & cleaning tunnels.

Wed., Jan 3, 1917      In Field

Battn in Bde. Reserve. Various working parties were engaged in cleaning out the tranches throughout the day. 1 OR proceeded to BRUAY for Signalling course. 2 officers and 3 ORs returned from Leave today. Lieut. P. H. Letchford was this day S/O/.S. on being invalided to Eng.

Thur., Jan 4, 1917      In Field     FRONT LINE SUBSECTION R.2., FRANCE

AM 9 ORs from ‘A’ Coy were detailed for work on the ABRI CENTRAL trench and repairing water tanks. Other parties were engaged in cleaning and draining trenches, relaying Bath Mats etc. PM Battn. moved from Support Line to Front Line and relieved the 5th CMR Bn. in R.2. Distribution of Coys as follows:- A Coy. To Right, D Coy to Centre, ‘C’ Coy to Left and B Coy to Supports. Relief completed at 8pm. 1 officer proceeded on Command to FREVIN CAPELLE for Gas Course. 1 “ and 6 ORs returned from Leave today. 10 ORs arrived today from 3rd Entrenching Battn. as re-inforcements.

Fri., Jan 5, 1917      In Field    FRONT LINE SUBSECTION R.2., FRANCE

AM Situation Normal. Enemy artillery fairly active on our Front and Support Line trenches. Our TMs very active on Fritz’s Front Line. An enemy working party was noticed at 3pm and dispersed by our artillery. A patrol of two officers and 3 ORs went out from Sap 28A and worked to the left, examining Crater 19 and adjacent craters. No enemy patrols or working parties heard. Patrol returned at 11pm. A hostile party of about 17 in all, were noticed approaching our lines, in front of Sap 32A approximately 6am. Our men, occupying this Sap, bombed and fired on approaching party. The HUNS immediately retired, leaving behind one of their own party, wounded, who was taken prisoner by occupants of our outpost. Our men state that other casualties must have been inflicted as the Bombs were dromlined dropped in among the hostile party. Prisoner was wearing full equipment and presented a very dirty and unhealthy appearance. He was taken out and handed over to Intelligence Dept. PM Major D. Williamson, Lieut. S. W. Abbott and 7 ORs proceeded on Leave today.

Sat., Jan 6, 1917      In Field     FRONT LINE SUBSECTION R.2., FRANCE

4.am Situation Report, Normal, Observation, Good. Enemy artillery quiet. A few whiz-bangs were thrown over behind our Front Line on SUTHERLAND, but no damage reported. Our artillery very active, especially on our RIGHT FLANK, where our HEAVYS were firing. Casualties 24 hours ending noon today “Nil”. No Enemy sniping reported. Our snipers claim one HUN was seen and fired at and seen to drop near Crater 500. Enemy attitude, quiet but alert. A patrol of 3 men left Sap 13 at 9.30pm and worked along Sap LEFT of LILLE ROAD to CRATER 12. Enemy could be heard walking in his trenches, patrol returned at 11.45pm. Other patrols were also out but no Enemy patrols encountered.

Sun., Jan 7, 1917      In Field     FRONT LINE SUBSECTION R.2., FRANCE

Situation normal. Enemy artillery fairly active, scattering a few shells throughout the day behind GRAND COLLECTUR Trench doing no damage. Our artillery active all day. Our T.Ms fired all day on Enemys Front and Support Line Trenches. On LEFT Coy Front, our STOKES claim one hit on enemy dugout. The bodies, of the two ORs which were buried on December 31st, were recovered and taken out for burial. A patrol of 3 men left Crater 13 at 9pm and worked along Sap leading to Crater 11 and few yds. past Crater close to Enemy Line. Patrol returned at 10.pm via Crater 13. They report no Enemy movement was observed. Other patrols were out during the night but no Enemy movement was heard.

Mon., Jan 8, 1917      In Field    FRONT LINE SUBSECTION R.2., FRANCE

Observation by day good, Night Fair. Enemy artillery fairly active. 18 H.E were dropped in the vicinity of CARPAVE. Enemy sniping nil Our snipers claims 2 hits. About 60 of the Enemy were seen on crest of hill at B.7-b.7.2. going South East. They were fired on by our artillery and dispersed. An enemy working Party was observed 100 yds N.W. of Crater 27 and was dispersed by our Lewis Guns.

Tue., Jan 9, 1917      In Field     FRONT LINE SUBSECTION R.2., FRANCE

Enemy artillery fairly active about 8 whiz bangs were dropped around SUTHERLAND AVE. Our T.M. active on Enemy front line and Supports. Casualties noon today nil”.

Wed, Jan 10, 1917      In Field     ETRUN, FRANCE

In accordance with 8th C.I.B.O.O 68 the 1st CMR Battn were relieved by the 5th CMR Batt. in RII. On completion of relief the battn. proceeded to Div Reserve Etrun, relief was complete about 1:15pm. Lieut’s W. Inglis and J. A. Bethune returned from Div. Training School HERMAVILLE. Lieuts O’Reagan & Greenwood returned from Leave. 1 OR returned from Leave.

Thu., Jan 11, 1917      In Field     ETRUN, FRANCE 

Battalion in Div Reserve ETRUN. The Div Baths MAROUIL were allotted this Battn today. PARADES from 1:30 to 2:30pm. B, C, D Coys were drilled with Gas Helmets 2:30 to 3:30pm. Lecture by O.C. Companies on duties of Sentries in Front Line and advance post. Lieut. E. McGachen and servant have returned from course at BOULOGNE.

Fri., Jan 12, 1917       In Field     ETRUN, FRANCE

Battalion in Div Reserve. 1 OR returned from Div Gas School FREVIN CAPELLE. Lieut. H. D. Williamson and 7 ORs have proceeded to England on Leave. 3 ORs returned from Leave.

Sat., Jan 13, 1917      In Field     VILLERS BRULIN, FRANCE

In accordance with 8th C.I.B.O.O.70 the 1st C.MR Bn with horse transport moved from ETRUN to VILLERS BRULIN via the ARRAS ST POL road and SAVY. The Battalion were clear of ETRUN about at 10.20AM and arrived at VILLERS BRULIN at about 3:15pm.

Sun., Jan 14, 1917      In Field     VILLERS BRULIN, FRANCE

6:30AM Reveille

6.45 “ ” Roll Call

8.30 pm Roll Call

9.350pm Lights out. Church parade was held in Large field east of the Chateau VILLERS

BRULIN at 10 A.M. 53 ORs arrived from the Base as reinforcements. Majors Caswell, French. Lieut Kennedy & Swift and 4 N.C.Os have proceeded to Div. Training School HERMAVILLE for 3 days Special Course. 2 ORs have proceeded to T.M. School CLARQUES for course in heavy, medium & light T.Ms. 2 ORs returned from Leave today.

Mon., Jan 15, 1917      In Field     VILLERS BRULIN, FRANCE

6.30 AM Reveille

6:45- to 7AM Physical Drill

8 AM. All officers and other ranks who were not in possession of Small Box respirator

proceeded to ECOIVRES in charge of Lieut. Gunwood to procure same.

7.30AM A party of 30 ORs in charge of Lt. Gray proceeded by lorry to SAVY for work around Ordnance.

9-11 AM 20% of N.COs per Coy reported to Special Instructors for Physical Training & Bayonet Fighting

9-10 AM. Coys will carry on with Bayonet Fighting 10:15 to 10.45AM. Musketry instruction.

1045 to 1115AM Lecture by O.C. Coys on Trench Duties and Care of feet etc. 130-330pm.

Route march by Companies, 1:30pm remainder of N.COs will report to Physical Training Instructors.

Tue., Jan 16, 1917      In Field     VILLERS BRULIN, FRANCE

6.30 AM Reveille

6.45-7AM Physical Drill

9 AM NCO’s Class under special Instructors

9 AM 6 ORs per Coy to report NCO Engineers for wiring instruction

9 AM A Coy parade at Medical Inspection Room for inspection for skin disease.

10:15AM B Coy “ [ditto]

9-930 AM Saluting

930-1015 AM Bayonet Fighting

1030-11 AM Platoon Drill

11-1130AM Arm Drill

1:30pm to 3.30pm Route march by Coys

Lt. Hewetson and one OR proceed to Div. Gas School for 2 day course. 4 ORs returned from

Duty at 8 C.I.B. Bombing School ETRUN. The MILITARY th MEDAL has been awarded to

105954 Pte. Schwarzhoff P.

Wed., Jan 17, 1917      In Field     VILLERS BRULIN, FRANCE

Owing the the heavy fall of snow all parades were cancelled today. 2 two ORs proceeded to

8th T.M. Batty for duty. 2 ORs returned from Leave.

Thu., Jan 18th In Field

630 Reveille

645-7 AM Physical Training.

9 AM 6 men per coy reported to Bn Hqs and were instructed in wiring under NCO Engineers

9 AM Lewis Gun class under NCO Lewis Gun Section

9AM “C” Coy will parade at Medical Inspection Room for inspection by M.O. for skin disease.

1015 “D” “ [ditto]

9:00-930AM Platoon Drill

930-1015AM Bayonet Fighting

1030-1115AM Preliminary Instruction in new platoon formations

1:30pm – 330pm Route march by Coys.

Lt. A. Petherick returned from Hospital, 4 officers and 4 NCOs have proceeded to Div Training School HERMAVILLE for 4th Special Course

Fri., Jan 19, 1917      In Field     VILLERS BRULIN, FRANCE

630AM Reveille

645-7AM Roll Call

9 AM NCOs class under special instructor

9 “ ” Lews Gun class under NCO Lewis Guns.

9-930AM Platoon Drill.

10-11 Lecture by Platoon Commander on new Platoon organisation in

1.30-330pm Route march by Coys

5 ORs returned to Duty from Guard ANZIN. 2 ORs returned from Bde wiring. 2 ORs from C.E. workshop ANZIN. Lieut. Clarke E.J. and 6 ORs have proceeded on Leave. The DSO has been awarded to Major B. Laws. The Military Cross to Capt. T/Major W. B. Caswell, Lieut. R. G. Swift, Lieut. E. T. Clark. The D.C.M. to Pte 22563 C. Palmer, 228130 Pte. E. Sproat and 21216 Pte. H. Walton

Sat., Jan 20, 1917      In Field     VILLERS BRULIN, FRANCE

630AM Reveille. 9AM NCO Class under Special instructor. 6 men per coy reported of

instruction in wiring. 9AM Lewis Gun class 9-10AM Platoon Drill. 1015-1045.AM. Bayonet

Fighting. In the afternoon the battalion had Sports in the field East of the Chateau Villers Brulin. Lieut J. Quinney arrived from the base as reinforcement. Major D. Williamson, Lieut. S. W. Abbott returned from Leave.

Sun., Jan 21, 1917      In Field     VILLERS BRULIN, FRANCE

Church parade at 3pm. Battalion parade Ground. Capt T. A. Ney and two ORs have proceeded to First Army School BOULOGNE for seventh course. Lieut. J. Hewitson returned from Div. Gas School. Lieut. F. I. Simpson and Lieut. L. B. Gray have proceeded to Royal Flying Corps 2 ORs returned from Leave.

Mon., Jan 22, 1917      In Field     MONT ST ELOY, FRANCE

In accordance with 8th C.I.B.O.O. 74 the 1st CMR Bn marched to huts BOIS DES ALLEUX, MONT ST ELOY via SAVY, AUGIBNY and A.C.Q. The Battalion was clear of VILLERS BRULIN at 10.45AM and arrived MONT ST ELOY about 2:35pm.

Tue., Jan 23, 1917      In Field  SUB-SECTOR R2, MONT ST ELOY, FRANCE

In accordance with 8th C.I.B.O.O. the first CMR Bn proceeded to R2 at 8AM where they relieved the 2nd CMR Battalion. Relief complete about 3:15pm 29 ORs arrived from the Base as reinforcements. Casualties to noon today Nil.

Wed., Jan 24, 1917      In Field  SUB-SECTOR R2, MONT ST ELOY, FRANCE

Battalion in RII. Observation by Day Good, Night Good. Enemy artillery fairly active. Enemy planes fairly active two flew over and behind our lines and were fired on by our anti aircraft guns. Three patrols were out during the night, enemy could be heard working in his Support trenches otherwise everything was quiet. Major W. B. Caswell has proceeded to C.T.D. Shornecliffe. Lieut. Smith E. A. and 5 ORs have proceeded on Leave. 1 OR returned from leave.

Thu., Jan 25, 1917      In Field  SUB-SECTOR R2, MONT ST ELOY, FRANCE

Observation by day & night good. 3 medium T.M. were thrown over in the vicinity of Sutherland and no damage was done. Two enemy planes flew over our lines at 1100AM and disappeared toward the South. Our planes very active behind the enemy lines they were fired on with machine and anti aircraft guns with no apparent effect. At 1pm Sgt. Clarke M. and Pte. Tait D. left Sap 30A through Crater 27 to forward lip and no sight of the enemy. They then proceeded to hostile lines and looked into the front line. The trench in this vicinity is all blown in and is filled with concertina barbed wire. A new Concrete M. Gun placement was found about 50 yds. East of the Snout. Patrol returned at 300pm. Lieut. A. R. Jones and Lieut. J. G. Binns have arrived as reinforcements from the Base.

Fri., Jan 26, 1917      In Field  SUB-SECTOR R2, MONT ST ELOY, FRANCE

Observation by Day Good, by night Good. Enemy T.M. fairly active on our Front Line and Supports no damage done. Our planes active all day. Patrols left Saps 30B, 33, 32B at 10:15pm, 1030pm, 10.30pm but nothing unusual was heard. Casualties till noon today. 1 OR shrapnel wound in face. Major H. G. Bradbrook returned from Leave.

Sat., Jan 27, 1917      In Field  SUB-SECTOR R2, MONT ST ELOY, FRANCE

Enemy artillery active on our communication trenches and on Sap M 31, considering the amount of hostile shelling the damage was very slight. Our sniper claims one hit behind Crater 33. A patrol of one officer and one NCO left Sap 32A then proceeded through Crater 28, 29, and 30 but nothing was seen or heard. A hostile working party was dispersed by our Stokes guns to the left of 500 Crater and the hostile party was dispersed left of 32B by our Stokes.

Sun., Jan 28, 1917      In Field  SUB-SECTOR R2, MONT ST ELOY, FRANCE

Observation by day and night good. Enemy artillery active our lines were shelled with 77’s principally along SUTHERLAND AVE, MADAGASCAR TRENCH, SAUSAGE REDOUBT, and ECURIE and POST LILLE. A few direct hits were made on the trenches. Our Stokes Guns busy all day on front line and support and several works parties dispersed (see addition next page)

Mon., Jan 29, 1917      In Field  SUB-SECTOR R2, MONT ST ELOY, FRANCE

Hostile artillery active on our front line and support. A 77mm Battery was observed firing on our Supports from rear in THELUS. Our artillery very active on enemy front line and support.

Sun., Jan 28, 1917      In Field  SUB-SECTOR R2, MONT ST ELOY, FRANCE

Our sniper claims one hit opposite Crater 13. Casualties to noon today Nil.

Mon., Jan 29, 1917      In Field  Sunken ROAD ARIANE, and ECOIVRES, FRANCE

In accordance with 8th C.I.B.O.O.74 the 1st C.M.R. Battalion were relieved in SubSector R2 by the 4th C.M.R. Battn. The disposition of Coys as follows “A” Coy – sunken Road, “B” Coy ARIANE, “C”, “D” Scouts, Bombers, M.G. Sect & Signals ECOIVRES. Hqs Staff and SubStaff ARIANE

Tue., Jan 30, 1917      In Field  Sunken ROAD ARIANE, and ECOIVRES, FRANCE

Battalion in Reserve Sunken ROAD ARIANE, and ECOIVRES. “C” and D Coy in Divisional Reserve. Carry on with new platoon formation daily. Casualties till noon today Nil. 3 officers and 4 NCOs have returned from Command. One OR returned from Leave.

Wed., Jan 31, 1917      In Field  Sunken ROAD ARIANE, and ECOIVRES, FRANCE

Battalion in Div Bde Reserve. “A”, “B” Coys and Hqs Staff Sunken Road ARIANE. C and D Coys ECOIVRES drill in the new platoon formation was carried on. Enemy planes fairly active over our lines but were driven back by our anti aircraft guns.

Burnett Laws, Major

C.C. 1st CMR Battn



1st Canadian Mounted Rifle Battalion, 3rd Canadian Division

from 1st February to 28th February 1917

Volume 18

 

 

Thu., Feb 1, 1917         In Field

Battalion in Bde support.  Situation normal.  A working party of 2 officers and about 100 men were employed at work with the pioneers on the sunken road and at the enterance to the mine gallery off ANNIVERSAIRE AVE.  3ors ORs reported to Corps Light Railway BOIS DE BRAY for duty.  1 OR transferred C.T.O. SHORNCLIFFE

Fri., Feb 2, 1917         In Field       MONT ST ELOY, FRANCE

In accordance with 8th C.I.B.O.O. 74 & 75 the 1st CMR Bn were relieved in Bde Support by the 2nd CMR Bn and moved into Div. Reserve MONT ST ELOY.  The Baths at ECOIVRES and MONT ST. ELOY were allotted this Bn today.  Lieut E. McGACHEN and 4 ORs proceeded to England on leave.  1 OR returned from Leave

Sat., Feb 3, 1917        In Field       ESTREE CAUCHIE, FRANCE

In accordance with 8th C.I.B.O.O. 76 the 1st CMR Bn with horse transport left MONT ST ELOY for ESTREE CAUCHIE via CAMBLIN ABBE.  The Bn moved off from MONT ST ELOY at 10AM arriving at ESTRE CAUCHE at about 2.15pm

Sun., Feb 4, 1917       In Field       ESTREE CAUCHIE, FRANCE

Bn at ESTREE CAUCHE.  Voluntary communion service was help in the Y.M.C.A. hut.  R.C. Mass in Y.M.C.A. hut  Church of ENGLAND SERVICE 10.AM

6.30 AM Reveille

8.30  ” ”  Orderly room

9.00pm  Lights Out

Mon., Feb 5, 1917      In Field        ESTREE CAUCHIE, FRANCE

The following syllabus of training will be observed while the Battalion remains in ESTREE CAUCHE.  9-9:30AM Physical Training & Bayonet Fighting  9:40-10AM Saluting  10:10AM-10.40AM  Squad drill  10.45AM to 11.30AM platoon drill.  1:30 to 2pm  Physical Training & Bayonet Fighting  2.10-230pm  Saluting  2.40-300pm  platoon drill  3:15-4pm  Company drill  4:05-4:30pm Battalion Drill.

Tue., Feb 6, 1917       In Field        ESTREE CAUCHIE, FRANCE

Battalion at Estree CAUCHIE.  Owing to an outbreak of mumps the canteen Y.M.C.A. and all estaminets are put out of bounds.  Training is carried on under the above mentioned syllabus. 3ORs returned from Command.  1 OR from Leave.

Wed., Feb 7, 1917      In Field        ESTREE CAUCHIE, FRANCE

Battalion at ESTREE CAUCHIE.  All men who have been with Expeditionary Forces for 2 years or over were paraded this AM to the M.O. for vaccination.  The weather being to cold to carry on with the syllabus of training the Battalion had a route march each Company & detail independently.  2 ORs returned from Leave.

A working party consisting of 1 officer 8 N.C.Os and 100 men were detailed for work of carrying ammunition etc. at CAMBLIGNEUL.  3 horses conveyed the party to their destination.  Lieut Painter was in charge of the party.

Thu., Feb 8, 1917      In the Field     ESTREE CAUCHIE, FRANCE

Battalion in ESTREE CAUCHIE.  The same syllabus of training was carried on as in the previous days.  Casualties noon today 1 OR attached T.M.B. killed.  1 OR from Leave.

Fri., Feb 9, 1917        In the Field      ESTREE CAUCHIE, FRANCE

Battalion in ESTREE CAUCHIE.  The Battalion paraded individualy on the various fields allotted them for inspection by the Commanding Officer .  Dress was full packs.  4 ORs returned from Command.

Sat., Feb 10, 1917      In the Field      ESTREE CAUCHIE, FRANCE

Battalion in ESTREE CAUCHIE.  Lt. Col Andros D.S.O. assumes Command from this date.  Parades were carried on at the different parade grounds under the previous syllabus

Sun., Feb 11, 1917     In the Field      MAISNIL LES RUITZ, FRANCE

In accordance with 8th C.I.B.  O.O. the Battalion left ESTREE CAUCHIE with horse transport.  Battalion was clear of the town by 9:30AM and arrived at MAISNIL LES RUITZ at 2:15pm where they were billeted for the night.

Mon., Feb 12, 1917     In the Field      BURBURE, FRANCE

The Battalion left MAISNIL LES RUITZ for RAIMBERT AREA at about 9 AM and arrived at BURBURE at about 2:30pm, 1 OR proceeded to England on Leave, 2 ORs returned from Leave.

Tue., Feb 13, 1917          In Field          BURBURE, FRANCE

Battalion at BURBURE.  Div’l training and organisation of new platoon formation.  Reveille 6.15AM  6.30-7AM Physical Training.  Forenoon was devoted to reorganisation of Coys and platoons allotting the specialists returned from Hqs details.  1 OR proceeded on Leave.  3 ORs returned from Leave.

Wed., Feb 14, 1917          In Field          BURBURE, FRANCE

Battalion at BURBURE.  Reveille 6:15AM.  630-700AM. Physical Training.  The baths at RAIMBERT were allotted this Bn today.  Parties from A Coy left at 9 AM and every half hour after throughout the day.  2 officers and 5 ORs returned from Command.

Thu., Feb 15, 1917          In Field          BURBURE, FRANCE

Reveille 6.15 AM  6:30-7  P.T.  7AM Sick Parade.  The u/m syllabus was observed during the first day of the new platoon orginisation. 1st hour 9.AM. Bayonet Fighting, General Description of Lewis Gun and practice throwing of grenades.  2nd hour  10AM Throwing of grenades.  Drill with Lewis Guns, arm and platoon drill.  3rd hour  11AM Discription, and firing of Mills Rifle Grenades.  General Discription of Lewis Gun, Bayonet Fighting.  Afternoon 1 hour 1.45pm Arm and platoon drill, Mills Rifle grenades.  2 hour 2.45pm  Section drill, Stripping of Lewis Gun and physical training.  2 officers and 4 ORs returned from course PERNES.

Fri., Feb 16, 1917             In Field          BURBURE, FRANCE

Battalion at BURBURE.  Routine 6.30AM Reveille.  6:45AM Roll call and reading of orders.  9.AM Battalion Parade on Bn Parade Ground as per the following syllabus.

1st hour 9AM.  Description and handling of detonators & fuses, stripping of Lewis Gun  Physical Training, 2nd hour  10.AM. Throwing of Bombs, mechanism of Lewis Gun, handling and care of grenades.  3rd hour  11AM  Lecture on Trench clearing.  Bayonet Fighting.  Afternoon.  Bayonet Fighting, Throwing grenades, section drill, and mechanism of Lewis Gun.  2 ORs from Command, 1 OR from Leave.

Sat., Feb 17, 1917              In Field          BURBURE, FRANCE

Syllabus of training carried out as under.  Morning Parades at 9,10,11 AM.  Stoppages, stripping, and drill with Lewis Guns, Bayonet Fighting, Physical training, and handling and throwing of grenades.  Afternoon, mechanism and gun drill with Lewis Guns, Lecture on trench clearing and Mills rifle grenades.  Lieut E. McGachen returned this day from Leave.

Sun., Feb 18, 1917             In Field          BURBURE, FRANCE

Church parade was held on Bn Parade ground at 9:15AM.  R.C. Church parade at 9:15AM BURBURE CHURCH.  Morning Parade.  Bayonet Fighting, Lewis Gun stoppages and Trench Clearing Lecture and Lecture on description and handling of German Grenades.  Afternoon. Trench Clearing, Bayonet Fighting, Smoke Bombs and machine gun stoppages.  1 OR returned from Leave.

Mon., Feb 19, 1917           In Field          BURBURE, FRANCE

Reveille 6:30AM.  6:45 AM. Roll Call and reading of Orders.  7AM. Sick Parade and Breakfast.  Morning Parades 9,10, 11AM.  Trench Clearing, Bayonet Fighting, Stripping of machine Gun.  Section Drill, Lecture on German grenades and bombs.  Afternoon parades.  Drill, machine gun stoppages, Section Drill and Lecture on German grenades.

Tue., Feb 20, 1917             In Field          BURBURE, FRANCE

Reveille 6:30AM  Roll Call 6:45  Sick Parade, 7AM. Bombers and Rifle Grenadiers practiced throwing and firing of grenades.  Lewis gun drill and stoppages, Bayonet Fighting and trench clearing.  Afternoon parades Trench Clearing, Lewis gun drill, Physical Training, Firing of rifle grenades and trench defence.

Wed., Feb 21, 1917              In Field        BURBURE, FRANCE

Battalion in Div Training BURURE.  Reveille 6:30AM.  Roll Call and reading of Orders 6:45AM.  Breakfast and Sick parade 7AM.  At 10AM a muster parade was held on the Bn Parade ground.  Capt. F. A. Ney returned from course at BOLOUGNE

Thu., Feb 22, 1917              In Field        BURBURE, FRANCE

1st hour.  Bombers and Rifle grenadiers practiced assault with rifle grenades, Lewis Gun range firing.  Riflemen practiced Bayonet Fighting.  2 hours.  Grenade throwing, range firing.  3 hours Extended Order drill, Lewis gun cleaning, Extended order drill.  Afternoon parades.  Extended order drill, use of cover.  2 ORs returned from guards school Edge Hill.

Fri., Feb 23, 1917                In Field        BURBURE, FRANCE

Morning parades.  Formation drill and deploying into line.  Afternoon  Passing orders and Communication Signals  Assault with Infantry, Lewis gun stoppages, assault with Rifle grenadiers and Bombers.

Sat., Feb 24, 1917                In Field        BURBURE, FRANCE

Morning Parades.  1st hour.  Platoon drill  2nd hour  Assault, Practice in the open  Afternoon parades  Assault, machine gun fire encountered.  1 OR returned from course HOUDAIN

Sun., Feb 25, 1917               In Field        BURBURE, FRANCE

Presentation of Decorations was made today at 12 noon by the Corps Commander.  The recipients of decorations formed up on the southern flank facing north.  A composite Battalion composed of one Coy from each of the 1st 2nd 4th and 5th Bn under the command of Major G. H. Bradbrooke 1st CMR Bn formed up in a hollow square, facing east in the field on the west side of road between BURBURE and RAIMBERT.

Church Parade was held on Bn Parade ground at 10AM  R.C. MASS at church BURBURE 9:15AM.

Mon., Feb 26, 1917              In Field        BURBURE, FRANCE

Syllabus of training carried out as under.  Bombers, Rifle Grenadiers, Lewis Gun and Riflemen  1st and second hours.  Assault – S.P. encountered.  3 hour. Lewis Gun range firing, Gun in advance, Bayonet Fighting, Smoke Bombs.  Afternoon Parades.  Assault, wire uncut, But entry effected on flank.  Major Maxfield and Lieuts Einarson, Chadwick and Palmer arrived from the Base as reinforcements

Tue. Feb 27, 1917                In Field        BURBURE, FRANCE

Parades Battalion was paraded on Bn parade ground at 8.45AM and marched from there to practice trenches.  1 and 2nd hours  Bn practiced assault, wire not effectively cut, one or two entrances only.  3 hour  Platoon formed up as supporting platoon.  Afternoon parades.  Assault wire uncut.  The training Coy carried on Special Syllabus under Lieut G. Laws, 3:30pm Gas Helmet drill  3:30 to 4pm  Smartening up drill.

Wed., Feb 28, 1917               In Field         BURBURE, FRANCE

Morning Parades.  Clearing a C.T. by Bombers, Rifle Grenadiers, Lewis Gun and Riflemen,  3rd hour  Advance through crater, 3rd hour  Trench held for defence after assault.  Afternoon parades.  Company assault on a 2 platoon frontage encountering obstacles and requiring support.

 

            R. C. Andros, Lieut. Col.

            O.C. 1st CMR Battn. 

***************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

1st Canadian Mounted Rifle Battalion, 3rd Canadian Division

from 1st March to 31st March 1917

Volume 19

**********************************************************************************

Thu., Mar 1, 1917               In field

Battalion at Div’l Rest Burbure.

Revielle 6.30AM

Roll Call & reading of Orders 6.45AM.

Breakfast. 7 AM.

Morning Parades. 9:AM. To 9:30 AM.  Battalion parade on Bn. Parade Ground.  9:30 AM to 10AM.  Close Order and Smartening Up drill. 10:AM to 12 noon was used at the discretion of Company Commanders special attention being payed to Bombers and Grenadiers.

Afternoon parade  Battalion paraded to Bn parade ground and marched to tape trenches.  E Coy carried on spec syllabus as under Morning parades  Bombers throwing and Section drill.  Lewis Gun stripping, Rifle Grenadiers throwing, Section Drill.  Afternoon parades  Bayonet Fighting, Lecture on detonators and fuses, General description and stripping Lewis Gun.

Fri., Mar 2, 1917               In field

Battalion paraded to Bn Parade grounds and marched to the tape trenches.  Afternoon parades  Bn marched to Bn Parade ground and then to practice trenches and carried on practice of attack.  E Coy carried on special syllabus as laid down

Sat., Mar 3, 1917               In Field

Battalion paraded on Battalion parade ground and marched to tape trenches, afternoon parades.  Battalion paraded on Battalion Parade ground and marched to tape trenches.  2 ORs returned from Command.  Lieut. J. S. Hewitson has proceeded to England on leave.

Sun., Mar 4, 1917               In Field

Church parades at 800 AM.  Holy Communion was celebrated in the SchoolHouse BURBURE.  9 AM Battalion paraded on Bn Parade ground for Divine Service.  9AM. Roman Catholic church parade to parish church BURBURE.  Major D. Williamson and B S. M. Howell proceeded to PERNES for General Course.  1 OR from leave.

Mon., Mar 5, 1917               In Field

Battalion were parade on Battalion parade ground and march to tape trenches.  Afternoon parade Bn will parade on Bn Parade ground and march to Practice trenches to practice attack.

Battalion paraded on Bn Parade ground and marched to tape trenches.  Afternoon Bn paraded on Bn parade ground and marched to practice trenches and practiced assault.

Tue., Mar 6, 1917               In Field

9:AM. Battalion paraded on Battalion Parade ground and marched to tape trenches.  1.15 P.M. Battalion paraded on Bn parade ground and marched to practice trenches and carried out a practice attack.  1 Officer and 2 ORs proceed on course to T. M. School.

Wed., Mar 7, 1917               In Field

9 AM.  Battalion paraded on Battalion parade ground.  At 2.30pm the 8th Brigade lined up facing south at parish church  BURBURE and proceeded on route march via LOZINGHAM, AUCHEL, returning via RAINIBERT to BURBURE.  The Battalion returned at 4:30 pm.  3 ORs proceeded to Cadet School BLENDECQUES.  40 ORs arrived from the Base as Reinforcements.

Thu., Mar 8, 1917               In Field

Battalion  at Div’l Rest Burbure.  Battalion paraded on Battalion parade ground at 9:AM. where Bayonet Fighting, Physical drill. Musketry, and platoon drill were carried on.  At 9:30AM. A Coy paraded to Medical Inspection room for inoculation.  2pm Battalion paraded on Battalion parade ground and carried out platoon drill, Bayonet Fighting, etc.  B Coy paraded to Medical room for inoculation.

Fri, Mar 9, 1917               In Field

9.AM.  Battalion paraded on Bn Parade ground and marched to tape trenches and practiced assault bombing and clearing trenches & dugouts.  1:45 AM. Battalion paraded on Bn Parade ground and marched to tape trenches and practiced assault & clearing trenches & dugouts, 1 OR proceeded on Command.  Capt. C. R. Walsh (C.AMC.) permanently attached to this unit as Medical Officer.  One OR proceeded to England on Special Leave.

Sat., Mar 10, 1917               In Field

Battalion at Div’l Rest BURBURE.

Reveille 6:30AM.

Roll Call and reading Orders 6.45

Breakfast 7:AM.

9AM & 145 pm  Battalion paraded on Battalion Parade grounds and marched to Tape trenches and practiced assault by Companies, and clearing and Bombing dugouts and trenches.

Sun., Mar 11, 1917               In Field

Church parades.  9:15AM Roman Catholic.  Details reported to Battalion Headquarters at 9:AM. and marched to parish church BURBURE.  Lieut. J. O’Regan was in charge of the Party.  9:50AM Battalion paraded on Battalion Parade ground for Divine Service.  11.AM. Holy Communion Church of England

Mon., Mar 12, 1917               In Field

Battalion at Div’l Rest Burbure.  9AM Battalion paraded on Battalion parade ground and marched to tape trenches and practiced assault by waves.  Afternoon parades.  Battalion paraded on Batt. parade ground and marched to the practice trenches and practiced assault.

Tue., Mar 13, 1917               In Field

9:AM  Battalion paraded on Battalion Parade ground.  9:30AM. to 12:30 pm  Company carried out platoon and company drill on Company Parade grounds.  The Lewis gunners reported to Capt. Ney on the range for practice firing.

Wed., Mar 14, 1917               In Field

Battalion at Div’l Rest Burbure.  9AM  Battalion paraded on Battalion parade ground for morning inspection by Lt. Col. Andros, D.S.O.  9:30.AM to 1230pm.  Companies paraded on Company Parade grounds special attention was paid to the training of Rifle Grenadiers and Bombers.  Afternoon parades. Companies carried on drill on Company parade ground.

Thur., Mar 15, 1917               In the Field

Battalion paraded on the Battalion parade ground.  At 9:AM and 1:15pm and Companies carried out drill on Company Parade ground.  Battalion paraded on Battalion parade ground for morning inspection by the Commanding Officer.  9:30AM to 12:30pm  Companies carried on independently on Company parade grounds.  2:30pm.  The 8th Can. Inf. Bde. carried out a practice assault at the tape trenches.

Fri., Mar 16, 1917               In the Field

9:AM  Battalion paraded on Battalion parade ground and marched to the tape trenches.  2:00pm to 4pm. was utilised in cleaning up Billets, roads, fields, etc.

Sat., Mar 17, 1917               In the Field

Pte. N. Quiron has been awarded the Italian Bronze Medal for Military Valor.  9:30am to 12.30pm  Companies will carried on independently on Company parade ground.  Lewis gunners paraded to Capt. Ney for practice firing at the range.

Sun., Mar 18, 1917               In the Field

In accordance with 8th Can. Inf. Bde. O.O. 79 the 1st C.MR Battalion with horse transport vacated the Burbure area and marched to HALLICOURT via ALLOUAGNE, LOZINCHEM, and MARLES LES MINES, & BRUAY.  The column formed up facing south on the RUE DE LILLERS and moved off at 9:30AM. and arrived at HALLICOURT at 1:10pm.

Mon., Mar 19, 1917               In the Field

Battalion in Billets HALLICOURT.  Church parade was held on parade ground at 9:30 AM.  Lt. Hewitson returned from Leave.  Lieut. Binns and 2 ORs returned from T. M. Course.

Tue., Mar 20, 1917               In the Field

In accordance with 8th Can. Inf. Bde. Operation Order No.79. the 1st CMR Bn. vacated the HALLICOURT area and moved off at 9:45AM.  A and B Coy. moved to MAISNIL les RUITZ.  C, D, E Coy’s and Details moved to GOUY SERVINS.

Wed., Mar 21, 1917               In the Field

In accordance with 8th Can. Inf. Bde. O.O. 980/20 the C & D Coys 1 CMR Bn relieved one Coy of the 43rd and 60 Battalion in the front line, relief complete about 8:15 pm.  A, B Coy’s and transport moved from MAISON les RUITZ to GOUY SERVINS at 9:30 AM.

Thur., Mar 22, 1917               In the Field

C and D Coy in RIGHT SUBSECTOR.  Enemy artillery quiet.  Our heavies fairly active on Hostile Supports and rear.  Our Snipers claim two hits to the right of the Twins craters.  Our aircraft fairly active.

Fri., Mar 23, 1917               In the Field

Our artillery very active carrying out a continuous bombardment on Hostile Front line and Supports.  Hostile artillery fairly active on rear trenches and CHASSERY DUMP.  An Officers patrol examined our main wire in advance Firing line.  It was found to be in a fair condition, but was cut in numerous places and a large gap was found at the sunken road.  Our snipers claim several hits in rear of the TWINS.  Casualties to noon today, 1 OR wounded.

Sat., Mar 24, 1917               In the Field

Our artillery active on enemy front line and Supports with good effect.  Several direct hits were observed on LA FOLIE FARM during the day.  Enemy retaliated to our fire during the day several hits being made on our front line and Supports but no damage was done.  Our snipers claim 1 hit.

Sun., Mar 25, 1917               In the Field

Our heavies active, firing through out the day on SWISCHEN STELLING and several direct hits were observed.  Enemy artillery active on QUARRY Rd, WHITE CITY CAVES and CHASSERY DUMP.  At about 5.30pm two men were observed walking along FLAPPER TRENCH, one was wearing a British steel helmet the other an ordinary German steel helmet.  Casualties to noon to day Nil.

Mon., Mar 26, 1917               In the Field

Observation by day and night Fair.  Our artillery active on Hostile Front line Supports, FLAPPER TRENCH and numerous hits were observed.  The enemy retaliated but was quickly silenced by our heavy guns.  At 5.00pm the enemy shelled NEUVILLE ST. VAAST heavily.  Our snipers claim several hits.  Enemy snipers fairly active.  Several of the enemy were observed in the rear areas moving in two and small groups. 

Tue., Mar 27, 1917               In the Field

Our artillery very active FLAPPER TRENCH, SPANDAUER HAUS, and enemy wire.  Several direct hits were observed.  Our T.M. and Stokes guns active on enemy wire.  Hostile artillery normal a few shells were fired on our area but no damages was observed.  Casualties to noon today 1 OR killed, 2 OR wounded.

Wed., Mar 28, 1917               In the Field

Observation by day and night Fair.  Our artillery active on enemy Front Line and Supports with good effect.  Enemy retaliated on our area and Bethune Road.  He also fired a few rounds in the vicinity of NEUVILLE ST. VAAST and quarry

Thur., Mar 29, 1917               In the Field

Our heavies fired a few rounds west of La Folie Farm from 11AM. to 2pm  Our heavy artillery fired steadily on FLAPPER TRENCH,  SPANDAUER HAUS, SWICHEN STELUNG and much debris was thrown in the air.  At 7.20pm in conjunction with a raid on our right a barrage lasting 20 min. was placed on Hostile front line.  Hostile artillery fairly active in our area causing a few casualties to the Company in the front line.  Our snipers active and claim numerous hits in the vicinity of the Twins craters.

Fri., Mar 30, 1917               In the Field

Observation by day and night Fair.  Our artillery active on Hostile wire and front lines, also on select targets in the rear.  Enemy artillery fairly active.  Shells were fired in the vicinity of NEUVILLE ST. VAAST, CHASSERY DUMP.  Our snipers were fairly active all day.  Small parties of men were observed in rear of Hostile front line walking over land.

Sat., Mar 31, 1917               In the Field

Our heavies active on select targets in rear of enemy line. Hostile artillery normal.  Our Stokes and T.M. active firing on enemy front line and wire.  The two Companies in the line were relieved by the 52nd Can. Battn. at about 7:30pm.  They then proceeded back to Billets in GUY SERVINS.

            R. C. Andros, Lt. Col.

            O.C. 1st CMR Bn.




War Diary

of the 1st Canadian Mounted Rifle Battalion - 3rd Canadian Division

from 1st April to 30th April 1917

Volume 20


Sun., Apr 1, 1917      In Field     [GOUY SERVINS, FRANCE]

In Field 1st            Battalion at rest GOUY SERVINS. During the stay at rest the Battalion observed the

                               following routine:- 6-30 a.m. Reveille. 7-00 a.m. Breakfast. 8-00 a.m. Sick Parade. 

                               8-30 a.m. Orderly Room. 9-00 a.m. Kit Inspection. 9-30 a.m. to 11-45 a.m. Physical Drill

                               and Bayonet Fighting. 12 noon Dinner. 2-00 P.M. to 4-15 PM. Bayonet Fighting and

                               Physical Drill. 4-30 P.M. Supper. 8-45 P.M. First Post. 9-15 P.M. Last Post. 9-30 P.M. Lights Out.

                               Working party of 1 officer and 50 O.Rs were employed unloading ammunition at Dump,

                               close to windmill, GOUY SERVINS. In addition, a party of 50 O.Rs were employed in

                               the Chateau, building bunks under instructions of Canadian Engineers. Battalion Alarm

                               Post:- In case of alarm Companies will fall in, in front of Chateau.

In Field 2nd          The foregoing routine was carried out. In addition, two working parties of 50 O.Rs each

                               GOUY SERVINS were employed in the Chateau and at the Ammunition Dump.

3rd                          The Baths of GOUY SERVINS were allotted for use of the Battalion today. Two

                               working parties of 50 O.Rs each, were employed in the Chateau and at the Ammunition Dump.

4th                          All O.Rs who were not in possession of the new box respirator proceeded to Gas

                               School to procure same. Lieut. J. D. Matheson took charge of this party. Major B.

                               Laws returned from Hospital today and resumed duty as 2nd in Command of the Battalion. 

5th                          In accordance with 8th Cdn. Inf. Brigade operation order, C and D Companies, 1st

                               C.M.R. Battn., relieved two companies of the 52nd Cdn. Inf. Battn., D. Company

                               proceeding to Front Line and C Company to support NEUVILLE ST. VAAST (MAP

                               REFERENCE:- VIMY SHEET 36.C.5.W.3 - 1/10,000) Total strength of the two companies 

                               was 10 officers and 389 O.Rs. Remainder of the Battalion viz A and B

                               Companies and Headquarters Details proceeded to huts in VILLERS AU BOIS. A and

                               B Companies being held in readiness to move to the Forward Area to take part in

                               operations of the Battalion in conjunction with 3rd Army at a time and date to be notified later.

6th                         Disposition of the Battalion as follows:- D Company in Front Line, C Company in

                               Supports at NEUVILLE ST. VAAST. A and B Companies and Details at VILLERS AU

                               BOIS. Our artillery bombardment directed against PRINZ ARNOLF GRABEN much

                               debris and timber being thrown into the air. Our trench mortars and Stokes guns were

                               active against enemy’s front line and were doing accurate shooting. Hostile artillery

                               fairly active, and was directed against LA TARGETTE, NEUVILLE ST. VAAST and

                               CHASSERY DUMP.

7th                         Our artillery active against enemy front line and supports. Our trench mortars and

                               Stokes guns fire for a while on enemy front line and Supports, but came under fire of

                               hostile artillery and were forced to cease fire. At 9-30 AM enemy artillery fired a few

                               rounds in vicinity of NEUVILLE ST. VAAST, and at 1-30 p.m. a slight barrage was put

                               on our Front Line and Supports. A and B Companies and Details moved to Forward

                               Area in readiness for coming operations.

8th                         Battalion in the Line, DE LA FOURCHE from A..4.A.5.5. to S28.C.4.1 (MAP

                               REFERENCE:- LA FOLIE FARM 1/5,000). Observation is Good. Our artillery was just

                               in the forenoon but active in the afternoon against the SWISCHEN STELLUNG and

                               PRINZ ARNOLF GRABEN, several hits being observed. Field guns were active over

                               the entire area. Our stokes guns and trench mortars fired approximately 200 rounds on

                               the wire in the vicinity of the enemy’s front line and support trenches. Enemy artillery

                               fairly active against our Front Line and Supports.

April 9th, 1917                                     In Field

            The trench strength of the Battalion, for the attack is 24 officers and 890 O.Rs {VIMY RIDGE operations - 9th, 10th, and 11th April 1917}

5-30 A.M.       Battalion assembled in jumping off trenches, according to orders.  Barrage opened on enemy’s front line system. 

5-33 A.M.       Companies advanced in the following order:

                                                            (1)        D company

                                    (2)        C Company

                                    (3)        B Company

                                    (4)        A Company

                        keeping close to the barrage.

6-05 A.M.       SWISCHEN STELLUNG reached and cleaned up.

6-45 A.M.       B and A Companies advanced behind barrage towards final objective.

7-34 A.M.       Objective reach by B Company and two guns of Brigade Machine Gun Coy.  “A” Company at this point could muster only forty (40) men, and these were placed under command of Major F. G. Taylor to help B company consolidate this position.

8-50 A.M.       Battalion Hqrs. had been established in vicinity of SPANDOUR HAUS.

                                                VIMY RIDGE                                  

11-35 A.M.     “A” Company of the 5th C.M.R. Battn. was ordered forward to reinforce the Front Line under Major Taylor at ANDROS CORNER.

12. NOON      “A” Company, 1st C.M.R. Bn., had patrols out to their strong points and objective and had connected with the 2nd K.O.S.Bs on the right.

12-15 P.M.      “A” Company of the 5th C.M.R. Battn. had reported to Major Taylor, O.C. Front Line.

12.35 P.M.      General situation as follows:- B Company had reached its objective and had joined up with the 2nd C.M.R. Battn. on the left and the 25th Battn. on the right, and was digging in.  Two Brigade machine guns were in position in strong points on right.  About 100 men of the 5th C.M.R. Battn. had been ordered forward to reinforce B Coy., 1st C.M.R. Battn.  Supplies of S.A.A. were very limited and the men were too tired to be used as carrying party.  The trenches were unrecognizable, mud beyond belief.  The whole of our Battalion frontage was alive with men of the 2nd Division, consisting of 20th and 24th Regiments, who had swung right across our front.  Situation was then being cleared up and these men were being sent back to their own areas.  It was noted that only one officer of the 2nd Division was met with in our area, and that these men were hopelessly lost and without ideas of their flanks.  No word had then been received of A Company’s position, but D and C Companies were digging in, in FLIRT trench, between PRINZ ARNOLF GRABEN and SWISCHEN STELLUNG.  An attempt was then being made to join up with the 26th Battn. on our right who were then only in SWISCHEN STELLUNG and not one hundred yards in advance of it, as was understood.  Four Subalterns were ordered up from our Rear through Brigade, as well as medical officers; and Brigade were asked to arrange for stretcher bearer parties to get further forward, and were also advised that we were badly in need of shovels.

12.40 P.M.      Still without information as to our A Company and the O.C. of B company, Major Taylor, was ordered to send a statement as to where A Company was, and was also informed that 100 reinforcements frm the 5th C.M.R. Battalion had been sent up, and that if he could not take A Company’s final objective with the men he then had, he would be further reinforced, and that this objective must be taken if it used every available man in the Battalion. [!!!]

3.00 P.M.        Patrols which had gone out at 12 o’clock to A Company’s strong points were reinforced and the position made secure.  By this time, all objectives had been taken and strong points established, junctions being effected with Battalions on our right and left.

3.15 P.M.        General situation as follows:- Our front line was being held with approximately 250 men, including 100 of A Coy. 5th C.M.R. Battn. all under command of Major Taylor.  He was pushing out towards A Company’s strong points.  Major Bradbrooke had been wounded and both Companies seemed to be badly used up.  At that time we had not the map location on the flanks, but knew it to be approximately that laid down in operation orders.  Message had been received through Lieut. Morgan, 8th Bde. Machine Gun Coy. that from his position in the front line, enemy could be clearly seen massing for a counter-attack on the other side of VIMY between 79 and 83 degrees Grid bearing from S.29.d.8.6.  We were then trying to get this message through to Brigade by power buzzer.  We had also informed the O.C. of the 2nd C..M.R. Battn. on our left, and the O.C. of the 26th Battalion on our right, who were requested to pass the information on to the O.C. of the 25th Battalion.  The liaison officer of the Eaton’s Group was also informed, and had sent the message through to his group by the power buzzer.

4.15 P.M.        Major Taylor was placed in command of our front line and was told that, owing to the exposed position of road and tramway running alongside of hill which A Company was supposed to consolidate, he need not man the FIDDLE TRENCH, but maintain contact every hour during the night, putting small outposts in the most suitable positions near junction of roads at S.30.1.60.35.

9.25 P.M.        Officer casualties known, were as follows:- 3 Killed:- Capt.(A/Major) S. BOTHWELL, Lieut. C. M. STEWART, Lieut. M. A. MacMILLAN.  5 Wounded:- Major. G. H. BRADBROOKE, M.C., Lieut. R.G. SWIFT, M.C., LIEUT. J. A. BETHUNE, Lieut. S. W. ABBOTT, Major F. G. TAYLOR (at duty).  1 Missing:- Lieut. J. FOSTER.  Other ranks Killed, Wounded, and Missing were then estimated at 250.

10.00 P.M.      Estimated casualties 260.

            5 Machine guns and approximately 350 prisoners taken.  In regard to prisoners, it is to be noted that these were sent back to Batt. Hqrs., but owing to the misc-up with the 2nd Division coming across our front, it is known that prisoners were headed off and taken care of by elements of that Division.

            SUPPORT LINE.- Major French, commanding D Coy., with elements of D and C Companies, dug in about 300 yards in advance of the SWISCHEN STELLUNG, effecting junction with the 15th Royal Waricks on the right and with the 2nd C.M.R. Battalion on the left about 5-00 P.M.  This trench ran almost parallel with the SWISCHEN STELLUNG.  One Company of the 5th C.M.R. Battn., under Capt. Johnson, was in reserve in the SWISCHEN STELLUNG.

 

April 10th, 1917                                   VIMY RIDGE

Up to 4-00 P.M. situation normal.  At 4-00 P.M. two strong patrols were sent out under command of Lieuts. Matheson and Lawson.  These patrols consisted of 25 men each, and succeeded in occupying the first three German lines, and sent scouts out to a point about 75 yards in advance of the three lines.  No serious opposition encountered.  This enterprise cost one killed and four wounded, by snipers operating from VIMY.  The two Brigade Machine Guns under Lieut. Morgan covered this party.  At about 7-45 P.M. the patrols were withdrawn, on orders from Brigade, the withdrawal being effected without loss.  The position entered was consolidated by our party, but its left was in the air.  2 officers Killed:- Lieut. W. MOLLOY and Lieut. J. FOSTER (reported missing on 9th inst.)  3 officers Wounded:- Lieut. W. INGLIS, Lieut. J. D. MATHESON, and Lieut. E. DUDLEY (attd. T. M. Battery). 

 

April 11th, 1917                                   VIMY RIDGE

Situation Normal except for some heavy shelling which took place at 9-00 A.M., lasting for one hour, and again at 1-00 P.M., lasting for four hours.

 

April 12th, 1917                                                                                                           [various]

At 12-45 P.M. the Battalion was relieved in the FRONT LINE by the 60th Battalion, and the SUPPORTS by the 52nd Cdn. Battalion.  Total Casualties for the four:- 365 Killed, Wounded and Missing.  Prisooners taken estimated at 350.  Machine Guns captured and taken out - 1.

 

April 13th, 1917                                                                       In Field                       [VILLERS AU BOIS]

Battalion at rest, VILLERS AU BOIS.  The Baths at GOUY SERVINS were allotted for use of the Battalion today.  46 O.Rs arrived from 3rd Cdn. Entrenching Battn. as reinforcements.  1 O.R. proceeded to Corp Training School.

 

April 14th, 1917                                                                                                           [VILLERS AU BOIS]

The Baths, VILLERS AU BOIS, were alloted for use of the men of this Battalion who had not bathed yesterday.  4 ORs proceeded to 3rd Cdn. Div. Hqrs. For duty as linesmen.

 

April 15th, 1917                                                                                                           [VILLERS AU BOIS]

Church Parades were held as follows, in Church Army Hut, VILLERS AU BOIS. - Roman Catholic service at 9-00 A.M.,  Church of England service at 10-30 A.M.

 

April 16th, 1917                                                                                                           [VILLERS AU BOIS]

Companies were paraded at 9-00 A.M. on Company Parade Grounds for rifle and equipment inspection by Company Commanders.

April 17th, 1917                                   In the Field

In accordance with 8th Cdn. Inf. Bgde. Operation Order, the 1st C.M.R. Battn. relieved the 58th Cdn. Inf. Battalion in the line. (Reference Map:- Sheet 36.c.S.W.1/20,000).  Strength of the Battalion going into the line was 22 Officers and 580 other ranks.  The Battalion went into the resistance line, with disposition of the Companies as follows:-

            C Company from T.19.b.8.4. to T.13.d.5.5

            D       “           ”     T.13.d.5.5.  “ S.18.Central.

            B       “           ”     T.19.a.6.3.  ” T.19.a.1.2.

            A       “           ”     T.19.a.1.2.  “ S.24.a.1.3.

the Transport taking over the Transport Lines of the 58th Cdn. Battalion.

 

April 18th, 1917                                   In Field

Observation by day and night:- Fair.  Our heavy artillery and field guns kept up a moderately steady fire throughout the night.

Hostile artillery fairly active all night.  Most of the shells appeared to be 4.1 and came from close range.  This fire was chiefly directed on our roads, particularly the LENS-ARRAS Road at S.24.a., S.29.c and S. 29.a.  (Reference Map:- VIMY.1/10,000)

 

April 19th, 1917                                   In Field

Battalion in the Line (Reference Map:- 36.C.S.W. 1/20,000)

Observation by day:- Poor.  By night:- Fair.

Our heavy artillery and field guns - Active.

Hostile artillery, active all day and night with 4.1 and 5.9 shells chiefly directed against railway embankment at T.13.a, Sunken Road at S.24.b. and the roads at S.24.c. and S.30.a.  We had an observation post at S.18.a.55.25 and observed an enemy battery of 5.9 firing from 55o Grid.  The area between the Front Line and the Resistance Line was patrolled from dusk to dawn.  Nothing unusual reported.  During the night, hostile artillery showed more activity, firing on the Brickyard at S.18.d.40.40, the Culvert at T.13.C.18.22, also VIMY and PETIT VIMY.  Enemy machine guns were fairly active by night.  Our machine guns, active by day and night.  Casualties, noon today:- 3 ORs wounded.

 

April 20th, 1917                                   In Field

During the last 24 hours our artillery was not so active, as on the previous day.  Our 18 pdrs. fired salvoes of shrapnel during the day.  Hostile artillery was active, firing on Brickyard, S.18.a., PETIT VIMY, VIMY, T.19.c., VIMY STATION, T.19.d.8.8., CULVERT, T.13.a.50.50-12.5.9 and the ARRAS ROAD at S.18.a and T.13.C. (Reference Map:- France 36.C.S.W. 1/20,000) An enemy machine gun was observed firing from 8 3/4o Grid, from S.18.d.22.28.  Casualties - Noon, today:- 2 ORs Killed, 5 ORs Wounded.

 

April 21st, 1917                                   In Field

Battalion in Support. (Reference Map:- France.36.C.S.W. 1/20,000).  Observation fair.  Our heavy artillery and field guns were only slightly active throughout the day.  At 8.50 P.M. our field guns retaliated for enemy’s barrage placed on our line.  Hostile artillery was quiet during the forenoon, but active during the afternoon and night, firing some tear gas shells into our area, the fire being directed chiefly against VIMY, PETIT VIMY, LENS-ARRAS ROAD at S.24., Culvert at T.13.d.5.5. and railway Embankment at S.18.a.  Our machine guns were active, throughout the day, against hostile planes, but apparently without effect.  Two large fires were observed in the vicinity of LENS.  Casualties, noon today.- NIL.

 

April 22nd, 1917                                  In Field

Observation by day and night:- Good.

Our heavy artillery and field guns, fairly active all day on enemy front line and selected targets in rear of their lines.  Hostile artillery was fairly active throughout the day on locations mentioned in yesterday’s report.  Several encounters took place, between our own and enemy aircraft, but it was difficult to observe results, owing to clouds.  One enemy machine was forced to land behind his lines.  Several enemy balloons were observed.  In accordance with instructions from 8th Cdn. Inf. Brigade, the 1st C.M.R. Battalion were relieved in the second resistance line and VIMY defences.

On completion of relief, dispositions were as follows:-

            A Company, from T.19.A.2.3. to S.24.d.2.3.

            C       “                  VIMY CELLARS

            D       “                  PRINZ ARNOLF GRABEN

            B       “                  ARTILLERIE WEG.

Hqrs. & Details.    SPANDOUR HAUS (Reference Map FRANCE.36.C.S.W.1/20,000)

 

April 23rd, 1917                                   In Field

Battalion in Reserve.- SPANDOUR HAUS

Observation.- Good.  Our heavy artillery was active shelling enemy villages and roads. Hostile artillery was fairly active.  The fire was scattered, 4.1 and 5.9 shells being used.  The 8th Canadian Inf. Brigade were relieved in the line by the 7th Cdn. Inf. Bde.

            {A Coy., 1st C.M.R. Bn. were relieved by 42nd Cdn. Battalion

            {C “             ”            “                                in VIMY DEFENCES

            B and D Companies,       “          ”       “    R.C.R. Battalion

            Hqrs. & Details                “          ”       “       ”             “         in

            LA FOLIE RIDGE, PRINZ ARNOLF GRABEN, and SPANDOUR HAUS.

 

April 24th, 1917                                                                                                           [VILLERS AU BOIS]

Battalion at rest, VILLERS AU BOIS.  6 O.Rs proceeded to GRANGE TUNNEL for duty with Salvage Company.

 

April 25th, 1917                                                                                                           [VILLERS AU BOIS]

Baths at GOUY SERVINS were allotted for use of the Battalion from 8.30 A.M. to 12 Noon today.

All ranks, not in possession of box respirators, were paraded to Divisional Gas School to procure same.

 

April 26th, 1917                                                                                                                       In Field                       [VILLERS AU BOIS]           

Capt. F. A. Ney, M.C was in charge of this party.  Battalion parade on Batt. Parade Ground for Kit inspection by Company Commanders.  All rifles were inspected by Armourer Sergt. on this parade.  First aid men of the Companies paraded to Medical Officer for instruction in first aid work.

 

April 27th, 1917                                                                       In Field                       [VILLERS AU BOIS}

9.00 A.M.        Battalion formed up in mass, on parade ground in front of ViILLERS HUTS for inspection by the Commanding Officer.  From 9-30 to 11-00 A.M. Companies carried on independently with Physical Drill, Close order drill and Smartening up drill, under supervision of Company Commanders.  Training of Lewis gunners was carried out during the day, instructions being given in handling and care of machine guns, stoppages, etc.  137 O.Rs arrived from Canadian Base Depot as reinforcements, being taken on strength of the Battn. and posted to Companies.  Lieuts. Matheson and Painter returned from Hospital this day.

 

April 28th, 1917                                                                       In Field                       [VILLERS AU BOIS]

9.30 A.M.        Battalion paraded on Batt. Parade Ground, where rifle inspection was held.  At 10-00 A.M. Companies carried on independently with platoon and smartening-up drill.  All parades were cancelled in the afternoon, on account of Brigade Sports.

 

April 29th, 1917                                                                       In Field                       [VILLERS AU BOIS]

9.00 A.M.        Battalion paraded on Batt. parade ground for Divine Service.  At 10-30 A.M. voluntary communion service was held in the Y.M.C.A. HUT.  Roman Catholic Mass was celebrated at the MAIRIE, VILERS AU BOIS.  

 

April 30th, 1917                                                                       In Field                       [various]

9.30 A.M.        Battalion paraded for inspection of equipment before proceeding into line.  In accordance with 9th Cdn. Inf. Bde. operation order, the 1st C.M.R. Bn. relieved one Battalion of the 7th Cdn. Inf. Bde. in reserve at GOODMAN TUNNEL.

 

            R. C. Andros, Lt. Col.,

            Cmdg. 1st C.M.R. Battalion   

 

***********************************************************************************************************

War Diary

of the 1st Canadian Mounted Rifle Battalion - 3rd Canadian Division

from 1st May to 31st May 1917

Volume 21

***********************************************************************************************************************************************

Tue., May 1, 1917                                      In Field

Battalion in Reserve GRANGE TUNNEL QUARRIE AREA.  The following working parties parties were supplied for work on the LENS-ARRAS ROAD.  at 4:15 A.M.  200 men and 3 officers.  11:45 AM.  200 men and 3 officers  and 7.45 pm. 200 men and 3 officers.  The [repl] Officers arrived from the Base and are taken on the strength.  LIEUT’s HENDERSON, J.D.  BLACK, J.B.  HAMILTON, J.  CLENDENING, H.C.  MILES, G. E.  KENNEDY, W.S.  and GUNN, C.H.  Capt. FERGUSON, J.H. (C.A.P.C.) arrived from ENGLAND and assumes duties as paymaster, Casualties to noon today, 1 other Rank wounded.

Wed., May 2, 1917                            GRANGE TUNNEL

Battalion in Reserve GRANGE TUNNEL :- working parties were supplied as on May 1st LIEUT. J.D. MATHESON and 2 1 ORs proceeded to LINGHEM for course in sniping.

Thu., May 3, 1917    

 Battalion in Reserve.  from 5 AM the Battalion stood-to ready to move forward in support in case of attack on our front during the operation of the 1st and 2nd Canadian Divisions.  Major J. P. French granted 3 weeks sick leave to England from 24-4-17.          

Fri., May 4, 1917                                      GRANGE TUNNEL

Battalion in Reserve. Working parties were supplied as follows.  at 8:AM. 6 platoons with a total of 200 ors and 3 officers reported to the 255th Tunnelling Coy. at LA TARGETTE Cross roads.  8AM. One Company and 3 officers reported to the 8th F.C.C.E. at S.28.C.7.1. where the FOLIE ROAD crosses the twin craters (REF. FRANCE 36.c.s.w. 1/20000

Sat., May 5, 1917       “                 ”   

Working parties were supplied as on May 4th reporting to the 3rd Can. Pioneer Battalion at PORTIQUE DUMP a.3.c.9.7 at 8A.M. and 1 pm.  Casualties to noon today 1 OR accidentally killed, two ORs accidentally wounded.

Sun., May 6, 1917          

In accordance with 8th Can Infantry Brigade Operation Orders, The 1st C.M.R. Battalion relieved the 52nd Canadian Battalion in the right sub-sector on the 5/6 and 6/7 May.  reliefs were carried out as follows  May 5/6 A Coy. 1st C.M.R. relieved “B” Coy. 52nd Can. Battalion [in] the Support Line right sub-sector.

5th       

In Field                       C Coy. 1st C.M.R. relieved A Coy. 52nd Battalion in support line right sub sector.   B & D Coy. remaining at GRANGE Tunnel supplied the following parties  1 company and 3 officers at 8 AM and 1pm to report to 3rd pioneers at a.3.C.9.7.

6th

   “    ”                          B Company 1st C.M.R. relieved C Coy. 52nd Can. Bn. In the front line Right sub sector.  D Coy. 1st C.M.R. Bn. relieved D Coy 52nd Can. Battalion in front line right sub sector.  One Stokes Gun Crew were attached to each company in the front line.  A patrol consisting of Lieut. Neill and 10 ORs left our lines at T16 Central at 11:30 pm  they patrolled to a depth of about 700 yards working over to the right as far as T.10.d.55.  No enemy were seen.  the patrol returned at 3:30 a.m.  Lieut. Petherick A. and 13 ors proceeded to 1st Army rest camp.

Mon., May 7, 1917   

Observations for day and night  Fair.  Our Heavy Artillery and Field guns were active throughout the 24 hours.  Hostile artillery a moderate fire of S.9.4.1. was kept up during the day  shells being dropped in S.24.a S.30.a. T13.a.5.5. and road at S.30.a.  Our planes were active throughout the day over enemy lines.  Hostile [fire] between ACHEVILLE and MERICOURT appears strong.  8 ORs attached to T.M. battery for duty (REF. Map FRANCE 36.c.5.w.1/20,000)

Tue., May 8, 1917        

Our field and Heavy guns fairly active throughout the day and night.  Our machine gun fire [quitt] but showed some burst during the night. Hostile artillery fairly active with gas shells in our area  this fire was General and kept up most of the day.  A few shells were fired in VIMY, PETIT VIMY, STATION, and Railway Embankment at T.19.b at 11pm.  A patrol consisting of LIEUT. MOIR and 11 ors left from T.16.b.2.2 and worked to T.16.b.9.9.  from this point patrol worked E.N.E. to T.11.d.5.5. and N.W. to T.16.b.9.2.  the party returned at 3:00 AM. Nothing unusual was observed and no enemy patrols encountered.  Casualties to noon today 1 or killed.  Working parties were supplied in improving the front line & Supports building dugouts and strong points under supervision of the Can. Engineers.

Wed., May 9, 1917   

Battalion in the line. Observation by day and night good.  Our artillery have been active during the past 24 hours and H.A. shelled MERICOURT at T.5.d.6½-1 ½ .  Brick pile at T.5.e.50.00 also the mine shaft tower.  Our field guns were quiet on our front but showed considerable activity on our right.  Enemy artillery has been active and showed attention to VIMY and T.20.e. with 5.9. and shrapnel .  Some 4.1" were fired in T.19.a.  A considerable numbering of gas shells were thrown in our area throughout the day.  Our planes were active throughout the day crossing enemy lines frequently.  they were fired on by anti-aircraft guns with no effect.  Hostile planes showed less activity today than usual.

            Patrols:- 3 patrols were out during the night at the following hours.

                                                11: PM. C.S.M. Crook L. M. and 25 ors. patrol returned at 3:AM.

                                                11:15 PM. Lieuts. McGallen and 28 ors,     “          ”          “  12:15 AM.

                                                1 AM. Lieut McGachen and 20,                  “           ”          “  2:10 A.M.

The above patrolled our front but nothing unusual occured.

Thu., May 10, 1917                                    In Field             

Our artillery fire apparently below normal.  Enemy artillery fairly active firing a few rounds of 5.9 shrapnel in the vicinity of VIMY T.19.A.  During the night Enemy machine guns swept our parapet.  In accordance with the Operations Orders No.89 the 1st C.M.R. Bn. carried out move to be as under

                        A Coy. from front line to Area No.14.T.19. (VIMY)

                        B Coy. from front line to Area No.13 T.19.b. along railway Embankment

                        C Coy. to the front line from T.21.d.16.5 - T.16.a.0.7½

                        D Coy. to the front line from T.16.d.7-1/2.1 to T.16.d.0.7½ 

                        Headquarters at S.18.d.8.2. (REF Map. FRANCE 36.c.S.W. 1/20,000.

                        30 ORs from the Training school as reinforcements.

Fri., May 11, 1917    

Our artillery active during past 24 hours.  AVION, MERRICOURT and ACHEVILLE engaged by our heavies.  Also considerable shrapnel.  Hostile artillery fairly active.  Numerous gas shells were fired in our area.  There was also a scattered fire of 5.7 and shrapnel fired on VIMY. In Field           30 ORs arrived from C.B.D. as reinforcements.

Sat., May 12, 1917

Our heavy artillery and Field guns active throughout the day.  Hostile artillery fairly active.  A moderate fire of gas shells 5:9 & 4.1 were fired by the Enemy in our area.  Our machine guns were active at intervals during the night.  Hostile machine guns active on our planes with no effect.  Several Enemy balloons were up during the day.

Sun., May 13, 1917   

In accordance with 8th C.I.B. Operational Orders the 8th Bde. were relieved in the front line by the 7th C.I.B.  The 1st C.M.R. Battalion were relieved 

by the P.P.C.L.I. On completion of relief the Battalion moved to the VANCOUVER AREA, QUARRIES LINE.  Lieut. F. S. Painter proceeded to 

COMPIEGNE FRANCE on leave.  Casualties to noon today 1 OR killed, 2 ORs wounded, 1 OR gassed. The Battalion moved to the VANCOUVER 

AREA for 24 hours then proceeded to Billets VILLERS AU BOIS.

Mon., May 14, 1917                                In Field                

Battalion at rest Villers au Bois.  The Baths at VILLERS AU BOIS were allotted this Battalion from 1 pm until 4:30 pm.  Pay Parade was held in billet in rear of Battalion HqB.  Major J. P. FRENCH has this day returned from 3 weeks sick leave to the United Kingdom.

Tue., May 15, 1917   

Battalion at Rest VILLERS AU BOIS.  At 8.A.M. the battalion formed up in mass in the Field opposite Divisional Headquarters for inspection by the Commanding Officer, Lt. Col. R. C. Andros, D.S.O.  From 8:30 A.M. to 9 A.M. Physical Training, 9:AM. to 9:30AM. Drill with box respirators, 9:45 AM to 10:15 AM. Close Order Drill, 10:15AM to 10:45A.M Organisation and tactical exercises of platoons in the new formation.  10:45 A.M. to 11: AM Saluting:

Wed., May 16, 1917 

8 AM. Battalion marched to the Battalion parade ground opposite Divisional Headquarters Hut for MUSTER PARADE.  On answering the MUSTER ROLL rifles were inspected by the Armourer Sergeant. In Field The Baths VILLERS AU BOIS were further attached this Battalion from 1pm to 3pm for all men who were not bathed on Monday. 

Thu., May 17, 1917

8:AM Lt. Col. R. C. Andros inspected the Battalion on Battalion parade ground opposite Divisional  Headquarters.  The training syllabus was carried out as follows:  8:30 AM. to 9 AM. Physical training. 9AM – 9:30 AM Drills with Box respirator.  9:45 to 10:15 AM Close Order Drill.  10:15 to 10:45 AM. Organisation and tactical exercises [?atman] in the New Formation. 10:45 – 11:00 AM Saluting

Fri., May 18, 1917    

The Battalion was inspected at 8AM by Lt. Col. R. C. Andros on Battalion parade grounds. Syllabus was carried out as follows this day, with specialists working independently .  Stretcher bearers reported to Medical Officer at 8:30 AM. at Medical Inspection room.  A vocal club was formed.May 18th In Field Lieut McGICHENA and 3 ORs proceeded to 8th Can. Inf. Bde. training school for duty.  Lieut. MILES G L has proceed for duty to 3rd Divn. Registration Officer.

Sat., May 19, 1917

Battalion was inspected at 8:00 A.M. by Lt. Col. R. C. Andros, D.S.O. on battalion parade grounds.  Syllabus was as follows:  8:30 AM to 9:00 A.M. Physical Training.  9:00 AM to 10:00 AM Tactical handling of platoons by platoon commanders.  10:00 A.M. to 11:00 AM Tactical handling of companies by company commanders.  Drill exercises and extended order [work] was demonstrated by model platoon.  Brigade sports were held in the afternoon and cash prizes awarded for each event.  Lieuts. GAYLOR, B. A., YOUNG, N, arrived from 3rd Entrenching Bn. as reinforcements.

Sun., May 20, 1917

SUNDAY  R.C. Mass was celebrated on YMCA marquee at 9.00 AM. Church of England service at 10.15 A.M., and Holy Communion held at 10:45 A.M. in YMCA hut.

In Field. Ten N.C.O.s and O.R.s were awarded the MILITARY MEDAL for conspicuous bravery in the FIELD and received the Congratulations of the Commanding Officer, officers and men of the Battalion.

Mon., May 21, 1917

In accordance with 8th C.I.B. Operational Orders the 1st C.M.R. Battalion relieved the P.P.C.L.I in the Montreal Area.  Companies and details fell in on Parade grounds  and moved off in the following order.

                        HQ Details                              12:15 pm.

                        A Company                             12:20 pm.

                        B Company                             12:25 pm.

                        C Company                             12:30 pm.

                        D Company                             12:30 pm.

Advance party :- One Officer per company, one N.C.O. per platoon, and one N.C.O. from details left the Battalion Orderly rooms at 9:AM to take over accommodation in the New Area.

Tue., May 22, 1917                            In Field

Battalion in Reserve. GRANGE TUNNEL, Quarrie Area. 

The following working parties were supplied for work:

A Coy. 8 A.M. to 1 P.M. Construction and maintenance of La Folie Road – from Portique to Vimy Ridge.

B Coy. 1 P.M. to 6 P.M. Construction and maintenance of La Folie Road from Portique to Vimy Ridge.

C Coy. 8 P.M. to 1 A.M. Burying Cable        5-23.d Central.

D Coy. 8 P.M. to 1 A.M. Burying Cable        5-23.d Central.

LIEUT. KENNEDY T. proceeded to 10th Course 1st Army School of Instruction.  Six O/R’s have proceed to 1st Army Rest Camp, Boulogne.

Wed., May 23, 1917 

Battalion in Reserve GRANGE TUNNEL, QUARRIE AREA. Working parties were supplied as on May 22.  Lt. Col. ANDROS, D.S.O. proceeded to 8th C.I.Brigade for duty as General Officer Commanding.  MAJOR B. LAWS assumes Command of the 1st C.M.R. Battalion.  Four N.C.O.’s and men have been granted leave to PARIS from this date.

Thu., May 24, 1917

Battalion in Reserve GRANGE TUNNEL.  Working parties were supplied field as on May 23rd.  LIEUT PETHERICK A. and 13 O/R’s have returned from Rest Camp, Boulogne.  LIEUT PAINTER F.S. returned from leave to COMPIEGNE, FRANCE.

Fri., May 25, 1917

Battalion in Reserve, GRANGE TUNNEL.  Working parties were supplied as on previous days.  Casualties to noon to-day were 3 O/R’s wounded.

Sat., May 26, 1917    

Working parties for to-day as previously.  Also 25 O/R’s detailed from C Coy. for small jobs at 5-23.d Central, Refer. Map FRANCE 36.c.S.W.1/20000.  26 O/R’s arrived from C.B.D. and are taken on the strength as reinforcements.

Sun., May 27, 1917

Battalion in Reserve GRANGE TUNNEL.  Working parties were supplied as previously.  Further casualties to noon to-day - “Nil”.

Mon., May 28, 1917  

In accordance with 8th C.I.B. O.O.92, the 1st C.M.R. Battn. relieved the 52nd Battn, Canadians on the Right sub-sector, night 28/29 May.  The disposition of the Coy’s were as follows:- A. (left) C.(centre) & D. (right) Coy’s front line, B. Coy. being in support.  On completion of the relief, two battle patrols, each consisting of an Officer, 30 O.R’s and a. M. Gun, covered the Battalion front for the remainder of the night.  No hostile patrols encountered.  Our H.A. has been active throughout the day, and our F.A. active at intervals.  Our Machine Guns were active at intervals during the night and active on hostile planes during the day.  Our planes were active from noon being frequently shelled by Enemy A.A. Guns without effect.  At 5.P.M. one of our planes was observed to fall in flames as a result of an air Combat.  158o Grid from T.13.b.5.0  Ref. Map France 36.c.s.w.1/20000.   

Tue., May 29, 1917                            Field

Our artillery was active till 4.P.M. and our F.A. very active during the night. Machine Gun fire was quiet.  Our planes were very active up till noon and were subjected to much anti-aircraft and Machine Gun fire. At 4.15 a.m. one of our planes crossed the enemy lines and remained for thirty minutes. Hostile planes were very active.  Two patrols each consisting of an officer and 30 O/R’s left our lines. Movements were somewhat restricted owing to shelling of No-Mans Land by the enemy. The enemy was not encountered.

Wed., May 30, 1917

The observation was fair. Our Heavy Artillery was active on Enemy front and support lines.  The enemy artillery was active until 4.P.M.  No shelling on our front line.  By the activity of their planes and continuous flares all along the line during the night the attitude of the enemy appeared to be very nervous.  A patrol of an officer and 20 O/R’s left our trench at 11.30 P.M.  Scouts report a man observed to run to-ward enemy lines, too far to shoot at.  reconnaissance was made of the vicinity where man was observed by no further information gained  Patrol returned at 3.A.M.

Thu., May 31, 1917                              FIeld

Our H.A & F.A. have been very active throughout the day.  No trench mortar fire on our front.  Our Bde. Machine Guns were active all night.  Our front line parpet and Roads received the usual fire from Enemy Machine Guns, while V—, VIMY, PETIT VIMY and CHAUDIERE WOOD received considerable attention from hostile Heavy Artillery. Our observers report considerable new earth thrown up at T.11.a.9.6. Ref. Map France 36.c.s.w. 1/20000.  At 8 P.M. our H.A. dropped 6 shells around this spot, but no direct hits were obtained.  A patrol consisting of Lieut. McKenzie and 30 O.R’s left our trench at 10.P.M. at about T.10.A.1.7 Ref. MAP FRANCE, 36.c.s.w.1/20000.  The patrol found a circular trench with a dugout in the S. end from which the chalk was newly thrown up.  The patrol took up a position on the long grass 50 yds. from trench.  At 1.A.M. an enemy patrol was observed creeping to-ward the trench.  On being challenged by our patrol they did not reply but dropped flat.  Our Lewis M.G. spewed fire upon which enemy fled.  Owing to darkness the effect of our fire was unknown.  Another patrol of one Officer and 30 O.R’s left our lines at 11.P.M. were fired on by an enemy patrol, upon which our M.G. opened fire and the enemy patrol retired withdrew on the double.  Both patrols returned safely to our lines.

 

Burnett Laws, Major

a/OC 1st C.M.R. Bn.

 ***************************************************************************************************************************************************************************

 War Diary

of the 1st Canadian Mounted Rifle Battalion - 3rd Canadian Division

From 1st June to 30th June 1917

Volume 22

Fri., Jun 1, 1917

During the past 24 hours both our H.A. & F.A. have been very active. While our Lewis & Vickers Guns were kept busy on hostile planes throughout the day.  Patrols were cancelled owing to extreme brightness of the moon, party moving at 300 yds are quite visible.  Our planes were very busy all day and frequently crossed the enemy lines. At 11 a.m. one of our planes was attacked and shot down by two hostile planes.  In the morning hostile artillery was very active on our back areas and Mericourt Road, and during the night our front line parapet was swept at intervals by M. G. fire.

Sat., Jun 2, 1917        Field

Our H. and F.A. fire was below normal, with that of the enemy very active.  Our planes frequently crossed enemy lines and on several occasions those of the enemy were observed over our back area but at a very high altitude.  The 1st C.M.R. Battalion were relieved in the line by the 4th  C.M.R. Battalion, Coy’s 1st C.M.R. Battalion will move back to positions vacated by relieving Coy’s 4th C.M.R. Battn. The disposition was as follows:-

A. Coy. 4th C.M.R’s relieved D Coy. 1st C.M.R’s. New positions T.19.B.7.7.         

D. Coy.   “       “             “       C   “             “               “                  S.23.c.4.5.

C.   “        “       “            “       A   “             “               “                 S.24.c.7.15.

B    “       “        ”            ”       B    “            ”               ”                  T.19.c.2.8.

H.Q.        “       ”             ”       H.Q.            “                “                 T.18.P.8.3.

Ref Map FRANCE 36.c.S.W. 1/20000.  The relief was carried out without trouble.

Sun., Jun 3, 1917       Field

1st C.M.R. Battalion on Brigade Reserve.  Casualties to date were 12 O.R’s wounded 1O.R. killed.  Our H.A. was very active today.  Avion was heavily shelled.  5 of our planes were observed to cross enemy lines.  Working parties supplied this date were as follows:-

A Coy.  41 men  5 hrs. work.  Improving front line trench.

B. Coy. 16 men.  3 shifts  Strong Point 3T30.6.2.6 Ref. MAP FRANCE 36.c.S.W.1/20000

B. Coy  10 men            4 hrs. work.  Repairing Kurtive St.,

B Coy  1 Off. 30 O.R’s  4   “     “            “           Support trench.

C Coy.  63 O.R’s          5   “     “            “           Front line Trench. 

C Coy.  24 O.R’s,  5 hrs. work.  Trench repairing & Building latrine.

D Coy.  63 O.R’s,  5 hrs. work.  General improvement front-line trench.

Casualties to date was 28 O.R’s wounded  8 killed.

Mon., Jun 4, 1917     

Throughout the day our artillery has been active.  Our H.A. shelled Avion SALLAUMINES and the hostile front line.  T2. Ref Map. FRANCE - 36.c.S.W. 1/20000 to LA COULOTTE.  Hostile artillery was below normal but La CHAUDIERE, VIMY and the CULVERT received considerable attention.  Our planes have been active as usual, while only 8 enemy machines were observed. The working parties supplied to-night were as follows:-

A Coy. 1 company - all available men.  J.O.T. between new and old Batt. Beaudry on Right and C.T.

B   “         “                “          “         “    , J.O.T. Left of embankment to Bluenose Sap.

D   “   120 O.R’s.  New J.O.T. Right of Reg. embankment.  Covering party            arranged by

5th C.M.R’s.

C   “    1 Platoon  -  carrying party left.

C   “    1 Platoon  -       “           “       “                       

C    “   2 Platoons   Construction of Dumps  42nd Batt. H.I.

Tue., Jun 5, 1917      

1st C.M.R. Battn. In Brigade Reserve.  Working parties were supplied to the 9th F.Coy. C.E. as below –

A Coy. – 1 Company – Jumping off trench left of Rly & Com. Trench.

B Coy     1 Company – Communication trench from Amherst to Jumping off trench.

C. Coy.   2 platoons – Carrying party left & right.

C. Coy.   2 platoons – Construction of dumps.

D. Coy.   2 platoons.  miners fatigue  182 tunnelling Coy.

D Coy.    30 O.R’s.  For Bde. Bombing Officer.

Trenches on our Battalion front are in good condition generally and are being improved daily.

Wed., Jun 6, 1917      Field

Our artillery has been active as usual to-day.  Fire observed in Avion. Hostile artillery fairly active throughout the day also throughout the night on VIMY and vicinity with gas shells.  Working parties were supplied for to-night as follows:-

“A” Coy.  5 Off.  135 O.R’s  ½ hrs. work  Communication trench from Amherst to 

Jumping Off Trench.  Impossible to work longer owing to vicinity being heavily shelled by gas.  12 casualties.

B. Coy.  4 officers.  108 O.R’s Jumping off trench between Bluenose and Embankment – 4 hrs. work.  Considerable shell-gas encountered.

C. Coy.  4 officers.  90 O.R’s.  Carrying Party.  Held up for some time on account of gas. Also 30 O.R’s constructing dump and dugout.

D. Coy.  3 Off.  78 O.R’s.  Carrying Stokes and S.A.A. to front line & building Machine Gun emplacement.

Thu., Jun 7, 1917    

Avion and the Hostile front heavily shelled by our artillery.  The 1st C.M.R. Bn. were relieved by the P.P.C.L.I. in the VIMY DEFENCES and moved to the MONTREAL (QUARRIES) AREA. Working parties for to-night were supplied as follows:-

A. Coy.  97 O’R’s.  3 ½ hrs. work.  Carrying party & Building Dugouts for 42nd Bn.

B. Coy 100 O’R’s  5 hrs. work digging jumping off trench between Bluenose &    Embankment.

C. Coy. 110 O.R’s 4 hrs. work.    “       Com. Trench Amherst to J.O.T. completed.

D. Coy  90 O.R’s  6 hrs. work.  Carrying lumber 5th C.M.R. lines & digging M. G. emplacement.

Fri., Jun 8, 1917        Field   

1st C.M.R. Battalion in Reserve MONTREAL  AREA.

Our artillery was exceptionally active during the morning.  7th Brigade made a very successful raid on the hostile trenches.  Enemy artillery made strong retaliation. 1st C.M.R. Bn. “stood to” in reserve.

Sat., Jun 9, 1917                            VIMY, FRANCE

Battalion in Reserve MONTREAL AREA. (GRANGE TUNNEL).  One company was supplied during the day for work on Sunken Road and one full company supplied during the night - burying cable in VIMY.

Sun., Jun 10, 1917    

Working parties supplied for this date were the same as above with the addition of 1 Company doing 5 hrs. work mending and repairing light Railway Bed.

Mon., Jun 11, 1917   

Battalion in reserve-.  The following working parties were supplied

B. Company  113 O’R’s.  5 hours - Burying 125 yds cable in VIMY

C. Company.  whole Coy.  5 hrs.  X + Y Route - Light Railway - Completed.

D. Company  70 O’R’s  6½ hrs.  Neuville St. YAAST.  Excavating Loading Mule Wagons  32 loads

Tue., Jun 12, 1917     Field

Working parties supplied were –

D. Coy.  83 O’R’s.  5 ½ hrs.  Work PETIT VIMY.  Making bed for light Railway.

A  Coy.  97 O’R’s.  5 hrs.  Work X & Y Route.  Filling sandbags.  Task.

Battalion were relieved to-day by the 52nd Batt. Canadians.  1st  C.M.R. Battalion moved to VILLERS HUTS, VILLERS AU BOIS.

Wed., Jun 13, 1917        VILLERS HUTS, VILLERS AU BOIS, FRANCE

1st C.M.R. Battalion in Billets.  VILLERS HUTS.  VILLERS AU BOIS.  Syllabus of training is carried out as laid down in Battn. Orders.  Part I dated June 13th 1917. The Battalion was inspected by the O.C. at 8.30 A.M.  Physical Training & Bayonet fighting was carried out until 9.30.  The remainder of the morning was taken up with training of Lewis Gunners, Rifle Grenadiers and Bombers.  Beginning at 1.30 P.M. Tactical exercises in the new platoon formation was exercised and half an hour was given over to Gas Defensive Drill.  Orderly Officer for to-day was Lieut. Moir, R.W.

Thu., Jun 14, 1917    Field

The syllabus of training as above was carried out until 11.30 AM. beginning with O.C’s  Inspection at 8.30 A.M.  1.30 P.M. to 2.30 P.M. was taken up with – Close Order & Smartening up drill. Saluting Drill was carried out for the remaining half hour.  The Orderly Officer to day was Lieut. W.D. G.H. Gayner.

Fri., Jun 15, 1917     

The O.C. held a Battalion inspection at 8.30 A.M.  Devine Service was then held. Battalion dismissed early in the afternoon.

Sat., Jun 16, 1917     

Battalion was inspected on Bn. Parade Ground at 8.30 a.m. by Lt. Col. Andros. Physical Training.  Bayonet Fighting and “Smartening up” drill was carried out until 11.30 A.M. Tactical Drill in the new platoon formation was carried out in the afternoon.

Sun., Jun 17, 1917    

Battalion Parade at 7.15 A.M.  Marched to the Tapa [?] Trenches in the BERTHONVAL AREA.  Returned at 12 (noon).  A muster Roll Call and Rifle Inspection was held in the afternoon.

Mon., Jun 18, 1917    Field

Battalion was inspected by O.C. at 8.30 A.M.

The morning was taken up with Bayonet Fighting, Physical Training, Gas Respirator and “Smartening up drill.  We then dismissed to clean-up billets prior to moving in to the line. Battalion left Billets at 5 P.M.  Relieved the 52nd Battalion (Canadians) in Reserve.

Tue., Jun 19, 1917    

Battalion in Support VIMY DEFENCES. Our artillery fire was below normal.  Our planes were very active controlling enemy lines at will and meeting with no opposition from enemy planes.  Working parties were supplied as below.

A Company  2 Officers,  100 O.R’s.  5 hrs. work, Hayter Trench.  Task Completed.

                                      25 O.R’s.  5 hrs.  Digging M. G. Emplacement  Bluenose Trench.

B. Company, 2 Officers  100 O.R’s   4 hrs. work deepening PARTRIDGE TRENCH.  200 yds.

                                       also 25 O.R’s.  digging M. G. Emplacement  Bluenose Trench.

C. Company  2 Officers, 100 O.R’s.  Excavating Hayter Trench.  Task Completed.

              also 1 Officers  25 O.R’s.  Carrying Party, Bluenose Trench & vicinity. 

D. Company  2 Officers  100 O.R’s  5 ¼ hrs deepening and widening Amherst Trench.

Field

D. Company  1 Officer,  25 O.R’s.  6 hrs dig. M. G. Emplacement  Bluenose Trench.

Wed., Jun 20, 1917   

Battalion in Support VIMY DEFENCES.  Our artillery fairly active throughout the night and activity increased in the forenoon.  Our planes were frequently patrolling Enemy lines.  Were heavily shelled by Hostile anti-aircraft Guns with no effect.  Large working parties from all companies, a continuation of the same work as night of 19th inst, were supplied.

Thu., Jun 21, 1917   

Our Heavy and Field Artillery fire was much as usual.  Our planes were very active.  10 hostile balloons were observed until 1.00 P.M.  Working parties were supplied as below.

A Company, 2 officers, 100 O.R’s.  5 hrs. tasks.  Excavating Hayer Trench.

B Company  3 Officers  125 O.R’s  5 hrs.  Deepening Partridge Trench, and 25 more carrying party.

C. Company  2 Officers.  111 O’R’s.  5 hrs Excavating Hayter Trench.

D. Company  3 Officers, 131 O.R’s  4 hrs. deepening Baddeck Trench and  carrying party right sub-sector.

Fri., Jun 22, 1917      Field

Only our Heavy Artillery was active to-day.  Our planes were also inactive.  Enemy attitude was quiet but showed no appearance of nervousness.  In accordance with O. O. 8th C.I.B. O. O. 100, B. Coy. relieved the left Coy. 4th C.M.R. Bn. on the front line (right sub-sector)  D Company Hqrs. moved from T.19.b.7.8., Ref Map FRANCE 36.c.S.W.1/20000, to BRICKFIELD AREA.  The following work parties were supplied by the 3 companies in support.

A Company, 115 O.R’s.  5 hrs. work.  Excavation of Trench & Digging M. G. Emplacement.

C. Company  116 O.R’s.  4 hrs. work.  Task Hayter Trench and Carrying Party.

D. Company  2 Officers  115 O.R’s  5 hrs.  Deepening “PARTRIDGE” TRENCH and digging M. Gun Emplacement in Bluenose Trench.

Sat., Jun 23, 1917      Field

B. Company on front-line.  Other three companies in Support.  VIMY DEFENCES.  Our artillery was active to-day, and both our own and enemy planes showed considerable activity.  Seven hostile planes over Enemy lines refused issue with five of our planes. Considerable movement of horse traffic was observed in the Hostile Back Area. The three Support Companies supplied work parties as follows.

A. Company. 3 Officers  110 O.R’s. 5 hrs. Task.  Excavating HAYTER TRENCH.

C. Company  3 Officers  120 O.R’s  5 hrs. Task.  Excavating HAYTER TRENCH.

D Company   2 Officers  111 O.R’s  5 hrs. Task   Deepening PARTRIDGE TRENCH

Sun., Jun 24, 1917    

Our Heavy and Field Guns carried out a shoot on the Division Frontage at 10 A.M.  This lasted 15 minutes and was scattered and light.  In retalliation the enemy heavily shelled our Front line for 5 minutes at 11 A.M.  Our planes crossed enemy lines several times and were shelled by hostile anti-aircraft without results.  Continuation of previous work parties were supplied, with the exception of D. Company.  Supplied 3 officers and 100 O.R’s  4 hrs.  Carrying Party from Brigade Dump.

Mon., Jun 25, 1917   

Our artillery was very active co-operating with operations in our left at 9.30 P.M.  No hostile planes were observed, ours being very active.  Working parties were supplied as follows.

A. Company  2 Officers  105 O.R’s.  Deepening & widening “Partridge”  and BLUENOSE Trenches, 5 O.R’s sorting out material for 8th F.C.C.E.

C. Company  2 Officers  100 O’R’s.  Carrying Party from Dis. Dump, also 1 Officer  25 O.R’s  3 ¼ hrs.  Excavating HAYTER Trench.

Tue., Jun 26, 1917    

Nothing unusual transpired.  Hostile artillery showed more than usual activity at 9.50 P.M.  large fire observed in Avion lasted for five minutes.  In accordance with Bde. Operation Orders the 1st C.M.R. Bn. was relieved by the 52nd Cdn. Battn.  Companies marched out independently to the QUARRIES LINE.  A hot meal was served and they rested for two hours, moving back then to VILLERS CAMP, VILLERS AU BOIS.  The Battalion were all in Camp by 6.A.M. June 27th.

Wed., Jun 27, 1917        VILLERS CAMP, VILLERS AU BOIS, FRANCE

Battalion in VILLERS CAMP, VILLERS AU BOIS.  Rested till 12 noon  afternoon was taken up with cleaning arms, Equipment and clothes for parade on the following day.

Thu., Jun 28, 1917    Field

Battalion was inspected on Battalion Parade Ground at 8.30 AM. Beginning with Headquarters Company Battalion was paid by companies throughout the day.  These not engaged by Pay Parade carried on with Bayonet fighting, Physical Training and Smartening-up drill generally.

Fri., Jun 29, 1917     

Officer Commanding inspected Battalion on Battalion Parade Ground at 8.30 a.m. Camp and Huts were inspected by O.C. at 11 a.m.  Very keen competition is noted between Companys and Platoons as regards cleanliness and uniformity in the Huts. Companies carried on with Close-Order and Smartening-up drill until 11.30 a.m. Companies held independent parades in the afternoon.

Sat., Jun 30, 1917     

Baths are allotted to 1st C.M.R. Battn. From 7 a.m. to 12 noon  Companies not detailed for baths paraded at 8.30 a.m. and carried out Physical Training, Bayonet Fighting, Close Order and general Smartening-up drills.

                        R  C  Andros, Lt. Col. 

                        Cmdg. 1st C.M.R. Battalion

***********************************************************************************************************************************************

War Diary

of the 1st Canadian Mounted Rifle Battalion - 3rd Canadian Division

from 1st July to 31stJuly 1917

Volume 23

 

 

Sun., Jul 1, 1917        Field

In accordance with 8th Cdn. Inf. Bde. Operation Orders No.49 the 1st C.M.R. Battalion relieved the 54 Canadian Bn. In Reserves BLUEBULL TUNNEL, SOUAVE VALLEY.  The Battalion left billets VILLERS AU BOIS by Companies at 5 minutes intervals after 2 P.M.  Oure transport lines were moved from the BERTHONVAL FARM Area to CARENCY.

Mon., Jul 2, 1917      

Battalion in RESERVE BLUEBULL TUNNEL, ZOUAVE VALLEY.  Working parties supplied as follows

1 Off.  100 O.R’s.  4 hrs.  Task.  Carrying party.

1 Off.  75 O.R’s.  (25 men in relays of 1 hr each)  Constructing Rifle Range.  Task Completed.

Tue., Jul 3, 1917                   

Working parties for to day were 2 Officers  100 O’R’s  continuation of work on BOIS DE LA CHAUDIERE Light Railway.

Wed., Jul 4, 1917      

Battalion in Brigade RESERVE  Supplied working party of 4 officers, 100 O.R‘s  carrying party from LENS-JCT forward task for F Special Coy. R.E.

Thu., Jul 5, 1917        Field   

Battalion supplied working party of 2 officers  50 O.R’s  continuation of work on BOIS DE LA CHAUDIERE Light Railway.  4 hours work.

Fri., Jul 6, 1917                     

Work on the above mentioned Light Railway was continued by a party consisting of 2 officers and 60 O.R’s.  4 hrs. work.  At the same time another party of 2 officers and 60 O.R’s. continued work on the Light Railway in the new Area.  Also a 4 hr. task.

Sat., Jul 7, 1917                    

Battalion in Brigade RESERVE BLUEBULL TUNNEL.  Working parties for this date were supplied as under.

2 Officers  60 O.R’s.  4 hr. Task.  Vicinity Red Line.  Work on light Railway.

4 Officers  120 O.R’s.  4 hr. Task.  Cleaning CLUCAS TRENCH.

2 Officers  60 O.R’s.  3½ hrs. work.  Continuation work on Light Rly on New Area.  Work discontinued owing to shell fire.

4 Officers  100 O.R’s.  4 hrs  Constructing path and Cleaning Basin Trench.

Sun., Jul 8, 1917        Field   

Large working parties as formerly were supplied on this date as follows.

2 Officers  60 O.R’s.  4 hrs.  Task  Bois DE LA CHAUDIERE Lgt Railway.

4 Officers  120 O.R’s.  4 hrs  Task  Cleaning out Clucas Trench.

2 Officers  60 O.R’s.  4 hrs.  Task  Continuation of work on light Rly in New Area.

4 Officers  100 O.R’s  4 hrs work  Road building.

1 Officer  25 O.R’s.  4 hrs work.  Cleaning out trench at S.21.b.1.6. Ref Map FRANCE 36.c.S.W. 1/20000 and dugouts.

Mon., Jul 9, 1917      

In Accordance with our Operation Orders No.50 the (first) 1st C.M.R. Battalion relieved the 49th Cdn. Bn. in the right Sub-Sector to-night.  C. & D. Companies taking over in the front line and A & B. Companies being in immediate support. 

Working parties as below were supplied on this date –

2 Officers  60 O.R’s.  4 hrs.  Continuation of BOIS DE LA CHAUDIERE RLY.

4 Officers  120 O.R’s  4 hrs.  Cleaning Out Clucas Trench

2 Officers  60 O.R’s.  4 hrs.  Continuation of work on Light Rly.

1 Officers  25 O.R’s.  4 hours task laying bath mats

2 Officers  50 O.R’s  Road building.

Tue., Jul 10, 1917     

Battalion on the Line  2 Companies on Front  2 on immediate support  Visibility to day – fair.  Both our Heavy and F. Artillery have been fairly active during the day, while that of the enemy has been quiet.  Hostile aircraft was very active early in the morning.  3 planes were observed quiet quite low over our lines for 30 minutes at 4.20 A.M.  Considerable movement was noticed in rear of Enemy lines, also considerable train traffic going North.

Wed., Jul 11, 1917    

Our artillery showed more activity to-day.  Our planes were active as usual.  Hostile Artillery was normal.  Between 8 & 9 A.M Enemy planes were exceptionally active and daring, 9 in all being oserved over our lines.  At 12.45            P.M. Lieut GUNN and 8 O’R’s left our lines and patrolled Coy. Front, nothing unusual occurred.  Connecting patrols were kept up every hour between the gap in the 1st Divisions left flank and our right flank.  Working parties supplied to night       were as follows:-

A. Company  80 O.R’s  Cleaning Betty and Gladys Trenches and Carrying Rations & water to front line.

B. Company  30 O.R’s.  Digging Trench at Rifle Pits, Toronto Road.

C. Company  60 O.R’s  Deepening and Widening AVION trench.

D. Company  95 O.R’s          do                do       BILLIE BURKE trench  60 yds. New Trench dug.

Thu., Jul 12, 1917      Field

Our artillery continues active during the night.  Serverals combats were observed between our own and hostile aircraft but the results were not observed later one enemy machine was observed to crash in our lines.  The following working parties were supplied for to-night.

A.Company  80 O.R’s in all, comprising three parties,  25 and 30 O.R’s cleaning out

Gladys and Betty Trench and 25 O.R’s carrying rations and water to the front line.

B. Coy.  55 O.R’s.  digging trench at post where 1st and 3rd Divisions connect.

C. Coy.  60 O.R’s. deepening Avion Trench  4 hours work

D.  Coy.  95 O.R’s.  deepening BILLIE BURKE Trench.

Fri., Jul 13, 1917        Field   

Our Artillery has been very active throughout the day  at 11.P.M. Lieut Neill and 9 O.R’s. with Lewis Gun left our trench at T.9.B.9.5.  patrolled the Company front about 600 yds. in advance.  The usual connecting patrols were kept up between our right flank and 1st Divisions left flank.  Enemy planes were active until 9.45 P.M.  One was seen to fly very low over our front line and shooting into our trenches with Machine Gun.  Combats with our planes were frequent as a result one enemy plane was driven down.  following work was carried out this date

A. Company  65 O.R’s.  5½ hours work.  Digging and deepening Betty, Gladys & Doris Trenches.

B. Company  60 O.R’s  3½ hours  Digging front line trench to right boundary of Division.

C. Company  60 O.R’s  4 hours.  Deepening Avion Trench.

D. Company  95 O.R’s.  4½ hours.  BILLIE BURKE trench deepening & digging.

Sat., Jul 14, 1917      

Both our own and hostile artillery fire was normal to-day.  Our Machine Guns were active on enemy planes only.  Our aero[?]-planes frequently crossed the enemies lines and were persistently shelled by hostile anti-aircraft with no apparent effect.  Lieut. GUNN and 9 O.R’s. left our trench and patrolled the Coy. Front, reported everything normal.  Work parties supplied to night as below

A.  Company  80 O.R’s (3 parties)  25 men widening and deepening Betty Trench. Gladys and Doris and Doris trenches.

B.Company  60 O.R’s.  Digging and completing front line trench 100 yds.

C. Company  60 O.R’s  4 hrs work  cleaning out Avion trench.

D. Company  95 O.R’s  4¾  hrs.  deepening and improving BILLIE BURKE trench.

Sun., Jul 15, 1917     

Our heavy artillery carried out a shoot until 9 P.M.  Many good hits were observed.  Our field artillery kept up heavy bursts at frequent intervals.  One battery fired on a relief in the “loop” apparently with good results.  A patrol of 20 O’R’s under Lieuts. Neill and Young left our trench at 10 P.M. and proceeded to enemy lines for a distance of 700 yards then across the Company front  on return they reported the situation normal. Between 8 and 9 A.M. hostile planes were much in evidence, 9 being observed over our lines for a period of 20 minutes.  Working parties as follows were supplied to-night.

A. Company  70 O.R’s, 2 parties 50 & 20 O’R’s digging & deepening Betty & Doris Trench.

B. Company  60 O.R’s.  deepening front line Trench.

C. Company  60 O.R’s.  deepening Avion Trench.

D. Company  90 O.R’s.  Digging and deepening Billie BURKE trench.

Mon., Jul 16, 1917     Field

For the past 24 hours both our heavies & Field Artillery have kept an active fire on the enemy lines.  Hostile artillery was fairly active during the day but was quiet at night. Several aerial combats were observed during the day but the results of these could not be definitely stated.  Work parties for to-night were as follows

A. Company.  60 O.R’s (3 parties 30, 20 & 10)  Digging and cleaning out Betty & Gladys trenches.

B. Coy.  60 O.R’s.  Completing Front Line trench.  2 hours work.

C. Coy.  90 O.R’s.  Cleaning out Avion trench  4 hours work.

D. Coy.  95 O.R’s.  Deepening, putting in fire steps & wiring BILLIE BURKE trench.

Tue., Jul 17, 1917      Field

Situation as regards Artillery has been normal on this date  Our planes were active as usual, being constantly over enemy lines, no hostile planes were in evidence but our planes were heavily shelled by enemy Anti-Aircraft Guns with no apparent effect.  Considerable movement was noticed in enemy back area.  Transports and parties of men were fired on with good effect.  Work parties were supplied as below

“A.” Coy  20 O.R’s, 2½ hours.  Cleaning out Gladys & Doris trenches.

“B”  Coy  60 O.R’s  4½ hours.  Completing front line trench (250 yards.)

“C”  Coy. 60 O.R’s  4 hours.     Cleaning out Avion Trench.

Wed., Jul 18, 1917     Field

In accordance with our Operation Orders No.51, The 1st C.M.R. Battalion were relieved in the line by the 52nd Cdn. Bn. early in the morning of this date.  On completion of relief the Companies moved out independently to the ZOUAVE VALLEY, where they rested till the afternoon, then marched direct to NIAGRA CAMP, CHATEAU DE LA HAIE.  Breakfast and lunch were served to the men in the ZOUAVE VALLEY.

Thu., Jul 19, 1917      Field

The day was spent in cleaning-up clothing and equipment.  The Battalion were all bathed and paid.

Fri., Jul 20, 1917        Field   

Lt. Col. R. C. ANDROS, D.S.O. inspected the battalion on the Battalion parade ground at 8.30 A.M.  The rest of the day was given over to Physical Training, Bayonet fighting, Close Order and Smartening-up drill.  All O.R’s in the Battalion had their khaki clothes run through the fumigator.  Battalion supplied working party of 200 men and 4 Officers for work on horse standings in CARENCY this date.

Sat., Jul 21, 1917      

Commanding Officer inspected the Battalion on Parade at 8.30 A.M.  The Rest of the morning up to 11.30 a.m. was given over to General Smartening-up drill, Physical Training and Bayonet Fighting.  Orders for the afternoon 1.30 to 3.30 P.M.  Battalion Route March.

Sun., Jul 22, 1917     

Church Services were held by the Battalion at 9 A.M.  Beginning with A Company at 8 A.M., The Battalion carried out Musketry Practice at the Ranges.  10 to 11.30 a.m. C & D Coy’s practiced Trench Warfare in Trenches and the Bombing Pits north of the Camp.

Mon., Jul 23, 1917    

Commanding Officer inspected the Battalion on Parade at 8.30 A.M.  Companies then carried on with Physical Training, Bayonet Fighting, Platoon Drill and Musketry until 11.30 A.M.  Owing to Inter-Battalion sports there was no parade this afternoon.

Tue., Jul 24, 1917     

Commencing with A. Company at 8 A.M. the Battalion were bathed in the forenoon. Companies not engaged as above carried on with Close Order and extended Order Drill.  1.30 P.M. to 3.30 P.M. Battalion Route March was carried out.

Wed., Jul 25, 1917    

In accordance with our Operation Orders No.52, The 1st C.M.R. Battalion moved from CHATEAU DE LA HAIE to rest billets at AUCHEL. Battalion fell in on Battalion Parade Ground at 7.30 a.m. and passed the starting point at 8 a.m.  Owing to intermittent showers of rain the roads in some instances were rather heavy, but the men were keen and the march was made in good time.

Thu., Jul 26, 1917                         AUCHEL, FRANCE

Battalion in rest billets in AUCHEL.  Battalion Parade at 8.30 A.M. and were inspected by the O.C.  The morning was taken up with General Smartening-up Drill.

Fri.,, Jul 27, 1917      

Battalion paraded on Battn. Parade Ground.  was inspected by the Commanding Officer at 8.30 A.M.  Commencing with A. Company at 9 A.M. the Battalion was paraded for insculation.  The General routine to be adhered to while out on Rest is as follows –

Reveille                      6 A.M.

Roll Call & Orders      6.15 A.M.

Sick Parade               6.30 A.M.

Breakfast                   7.00 A.M.

Guard Mounting       10.00 A.M.

Orderly Room          12.00 noon

Dinner                      1200 noon

Tea                            4.30  P.M.

Retreat                      7.00 P.M.

First Post                   8.30  P.M.

Last Post.                  9.00 P.M.

Lights Out                  9.30 P.M.

Sat., Jul 28, 1917      

Commanding Officer inspected the Battalion at 8.30 A.M.  Insculation Parade to the Medical Officer was then continued. Coys. not engaged in this manner carried on with Physical Training, Bayonet Fighting, Bombing, and Musketry until 11.30 A.M.

Sun., Jul 29, 1917     

Sunday.  Church parade was the only Parade for the Battn. to-day.

Mon., Jul 30, 1917    

The Brigade Range at C.15.6.5.4 is allotted to this Battalion.  A. and B. Companies have the use of the range to-day.  C and D. Company carried on as follows:- 8.30 to 9.00 a.m.  Physical Training.  9.00 to 9.30 A.M.  Bayonet Fighting, 9.30 to 11.30 a.m.  Platoon Drill and Musketry.  1.30 to 3.30 P.M.  Platoon in Attack.

Tue., Jul 31, 1917     

A and C. Companies were inspected on Company Parade Grounds by Coy. Commanders. The Auchel Baths are allotted to the Battalion this day.  B. Coy. Reported at baths at 7.00 a.m.  D. Coy. at 8 a.m.  On return from Baths these Company’s carried on with Syllabus. Throughout the morning A & C. Coy’s carried out Preliminary Musketry, Physical Training, Bayonet Fighting and Platoon Drill. The afternoon was taken up with Smartening-up Drill, Gas Defensive Drill and a short lecture by Platoon Commanders on “Operations 9/12 April 1917”.

 

            R. C. Andros, Lt. Col.

            Cmdg. 1st C.M.R. Bn.


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War Diary

of the 1st Canadian Mounted Rifle Battalion - 3rd Canadian Division

from 1st August to 31stAugust 1917

Volume 24

 


Wed., Aug 1, 1917                          AUCHEL, FRANCE

Owing to weather conditions, all Parades were cancelled today.

Thu., Aug 2, 1917     

Parades for forenoon were cancelled owing to weather conditions.  Companies paraded independently at 1.30 P.M. and carried on with Gas Defensive Drill for 1 hour.  One reinforcement reported from Base.

Fri.,, Aug 3, 1917      

Weather conditions still unsettled.  C. Coy. reported to Ranges at 7.50 a.m.  D. Coy. at 11.50 a.m.  At 8 a.m. A. & B. Coy’s marched to vicinity of Ranges and carried out Physical Training.  Bayonet Fighting, Platoon in Attack and Extended Order drill until 11 a.m.  A. & B. Companies paraded at 1.30 P.m. but owing to weather conditions were dismissed.  A. Company paraded for pay at 4.P.M.

Sat., Aug 4, 1917       Field

At 8 a.m. A. B. and d. Company marched to vicinity of Practice Trenches and carried on until 11.15 a.m. with Physical Training Bayonet Fighting, Arms Drill and Gas Defensive Drill.  C. Coy, less the men inoculated were inspected by Major Williamson (Adjt). The morning was taken up with Physical Training Squad Drill, Saluting Drill, and Gas Defensive Drill until 11.15 A.M.

Sun., Aug 5, 1917                            AUCHEL, FRANCE

Devine Service was held on Parade Ground near parish church, AUCHEL at 10.10 a.m.  R.C’s. mess in parish church AUCHEL at 9.00 a.m.

Mon., Aug 6, 1917    

Companies moved off independently to the practice Trenches.  C. Coy. Lewis Gunners reported for Range Practice to the Battn. Machine Gun N.C.O. Companies carried out Musketry Exercises.  Bayonet Fighting and Bombing Exercises and Gas Defensive Drill until 12 noon.

Tue., Aug 7, 1917      Field

Battalion marched out to the vicinity of the practice Trenches at 8.a.m.  Training as per syllabus was carried out until 12.15 p.m.  This includes – Physical Training, Bayonet Fighting, Squad Drill, Arms Drill, Gas Defensive Practice and Platoon Drill.  The Corps Commander inspected the 3rd Cdn. Div’l Area to-day and inspected part of the Battalion during Drill. The Battalion marched back to billets AUCHEL at 12.15 P.M.

Wed., Aug 8, 1917                            AUCHEL, FRANCE

Battalion was inspected by the Commanding Officer at 8.30 a.m.  Training under Company Commanders was then carried out this consisted of Physical Training, Bayonet Fighting, Platoon Drill and Gas Defensive Drill.

Thu., Aug 9, 1917     

Battalion Sports were held to-day.  At 8.30 a.m. Battn. moved off the Parade Ground AUCHEL and marched to BURBURE where the sports meeting was held.  Elimination contests for the Brigade Sports was carried out, with satisfactory results.

Fri.,, Aug 10, 1917    

Commanding Officer inspected the Battalion on Parade at 8.30 a.m.  Companies carried on Training as per Syllabus until 12 noon.

Sat., Aug 11, 1917     Field

The Baths at RAIMBERT are allotted to the Battalion this date.  At 8 a.m. A. Company report at the range.  Between 8 a.m. and 12 noon, B. C. C. Coys and Details were bathed. A. Coy. had use of baths from 1 to 2 P.M. while not engaged at Bath parade carried on with Platoon Drill Musketry and Bayonet Fighting.

Sun., Aug 12, 1917                            AUCHEL, FRANCE

Battalion paraded for Devine Service at 8 a.m.  The Roman Catholics held mass in the parish church AUCHEL AT 9 A.M. 

Mon., Aug 13, 1917  

Officer Commanding inspected the Battalion on Parade at 8.30 a.m.  Training under Company Arrangements was carried out during the morning until 11.30 a.m.  The afternoon from 1.30 to 3 P.M. was taken up with Gas Defensive Drill and Musketry.  Polling of votes for the ALBERTA Elections took place from 1.00 to 3.00 P.M.  83 votes were cast, being all the eligible men in the Battalion  Orderly Officer for to-day Lieut. J. D. MATHESON, M.C.

Tue., Aug 14, 1917   

At 8 a.m. Coys. and Details move off independently for training at the Practice Trenches.  Dress Drill order throughout the morning, Musketry Training, Bayonet Fighting, Platoon Drill and Gas Defensive Drill was carried out until 12 noon.

Wed., Aug 15, 1917    Field            CAMBLAIN L’ABBE, FRANCE

7.15 a.m. the Battalion assembled in mass on Battalion Parade Ground.  Dress “Battle Order” for march to Billets in Camblain L’Abbe.  Battalion passed starting point at 7.40 a.m.  Halts were made at 10 minutes to the hour and 5 minutes to the half-hour.  Halt for dinner was made at 11.50 a.m. and march was resumed at 1.00 P.M. - Copy of Operation Order appended herewith.

Thu., Aug 16, 1917   

Commanding Officer inspected the Battalion at 9.00 a.m.  Close Order, Gas Defensive Drill, Bayonet Fighting & Physical Training was then carried out under company Commanders until 11.30 A.M.

Fri., Aug 17, 1917      Field

Tactical manoeuvres in Open Warfare was carried out by the 8th Cdn. Inf. Brigade.  The 1st C.M.R. Battalion marched to the Assembling Point at GOUY SERVINS, Q.35.d.3.3. (Reference Map FRANCE, Sheet 36b)  Only blank ammunition was carried.  Artillery was represented by wagons (2 wagons – 1 Battery “P” bombs were ignited to shown when the artillery was in action. The enemy were represented by the 123rd Cdn. Pioneer Bn.  The 1st C.M.R. Bn. were in the main body or supporting line at approximately 3.00 P.M.  A. B. & C. Coy’s were called forward, they extended and advanced in skirmishing order.  D. Coy in close support at 6.00 P.M.  The Field Kitchens served a hot meal to the Battalion  A. B. & C. Coys’ were withdrawn from the line and Bivouaced for the night.  D. Coy. held the Outpost line.  At 9.30 P.M. the manoeuvres were cancelled and the Battalion marched back to CAMBLAIN L’ABBE arriving in Billets at about 12.30 a.m. 18th inst.  Copy of Orders for the above operation attached.

Sat., Aug 18, 1917     Field

In accordance with 8th Cdn. Infantry Bde. Operation Orders No.115. the Battalion moved by Bus (40 Busses allotted Battn) from CAMBLAIN L’ABBE to Billets in LES BREBIS taking over from the 2nd Cdn. Infantry Brigade. On arrival in LES BREBIS the 1st C.M.R. Battn. came under the orders of the 1st Cdn. Division.

Sun., Aug 19, 1917                          LES BREBIS, FRANCE

Reference our Operation Order No.55 The 1st C.M.R. Battalion marched from LES BREBIS to Brigade support on the night of 19/20.  Battalion Headquarters were located in the QUARRIES (M.6.A.9.2.) MAP reference France Sheet 36.b.

Mon., Aug 20, 1917  

The 1st C.M.R. Bn. relieved the 4th Cdn. Inf. Battalion in the left Sub-Sector to-night.  B. Coy. and 1 platoon A. Coy. and C. Coy. took over on the front line. The remainder of A. Coy. And d. Coy. being in Support. Casualties going in 1 O.R. Killed  2 wounded. In spite of persistent hostile shell-fire and the front taken over being new to the Battalion the relief was carried out satisfactorily.  See Operation Order attached.

Tue., Aug 21, 1917    Field

The 1st C.M.R. Battalion in Front Line and Close Support  Both our Heavy and Field Artillery have been exceptionally active throughout the night. At 4.35 a.m. our artillery put a barrage on the Bde. Front on our right flank, it lasted for half an hour. After this firing was steady, owing to smoke from shell-fire targets could not definitely be observed. Hostile artillery was also very active  Our front and Support lines receiving considerable attention, our back areas, especially Battery’s was shelled at regular intervals, our communication Trenches are in very bad conditions, especially those in territory recently taken from the Germans. They are very badly smashed and in most cases are scarcely recognisable from the mass of shell holes in the vicinity.

Wed., Aug 22, 1917   Field

Our Artillery fire was normal throughout the night and early morning until 5 a.m. when our Heavy and Field Guns heavily shells the German lines in and north of LENS. This slackened down to normal at about 6 a.m. Our fire in LENS and vicinity was apparently very destructive. Hostile Artillery has been fairly active throughout the day. Our front & Support lines receiving most attention. Our aeroplanes were very daring flying low and engaging enemy with Machine Gun fire.  Very few hostile planes were observed.